Pakistan, NWFP: current status of water and sanitation related MDGs

The Water and Sanitation Program-South Asia (WSP-SA) office in Islamabad, Pakistan has researched the current status of water and sanitation related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP).

Sanitation

NWFP has already met its quantitative MDG Targets in sanitation: Household surveys indicate that 75% of the population has access to a latrine, with 95% access to latrines in urban areas and 71% in rural areas.

However, data from the 2001/2 NWFP Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) suggests that as many as half of these latrines may be unsanitary. A tradition of ‘open defecation’ in NWFP means that even if latrines are present in the home they are not always used. In addition, the coverage of latrines in public places (markets, bus stands, railways, industry) is poor.

Water Supply

NWFP is ‘on track’ to meet its quantitative MDG Targets in drinking water supply: According to the trends reported from successive Federal Bureau of Statistic Surveys, 71% of the population of NWFP (91% of the urban population and 64% of the rural population) have access to an improved source.

Access to an improved source of water does not necessarily mean that this water is safe. In urban areas, intermittent supplies results in contamination within the piped distribution networks. In rural areas, failures in the treatment and protection of improved sources also lead to contamination. The extents of these risks are such that only 38% of the water accessed by consumers is estimated to be chemically and bacteriologically safe.

Read more: WESNews / drinking water-Pakistan Google Group, Sep 2008

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2 responses to “Pakistan, NWFP: current status of water and sanitation related MDGs

  1. It is heartening to learn that NWFP has acheived MDG targets. the real target is to cut the cycle of infections via pathogens , These harmful small creatures are dischrged in millions/ cc via excretions. As rightly pointed out our latrines are unhygenic and the shit is being flushed down stream to others. We seriously nead to treat our domestic waste to bring about some benefits transalted in to improved health.
    We need to consider the availability of toilets in the Mosques all around urban and rural area. bringing these mosque’s toilets in mainstream sanitation program by introducing 20 seconds/ handwashing with soap will have a significant health impact.

    Safe drinking water.
    Again the actual picture may not be that good , according to PCRWR national water quality monitoring report (NDWQMP)published 2008 , of the 357 samples analysed from all over Pakistan only 45 samples (13%) were found safe for drinking . Major problems detected were microbiological 68 %, Arsenic 24% , Nitrate 13% and Flouride 5%.

    Clean drinking water for All.
    Looking for temporary relief to consumers Filtration plants were/ are supposed to supply clean drinking water to consumers for hand carrying home and use. A report published today (Oct 11,08) in The news says that 896 Filtraion plants were to be installed in NWFP (some 6400+in Pakistan) with an allocation of PKR 881.241 million in the last three years . So far only 164 have been installed and only 104 of them are functional.
    How many plants are supplying safe water is yet
    to be seen.

    The bottom line is ,” though a lot is being done to improve WATSAN-Hygiene situation (hand washing day follows in a few days) , we seriously need to put in concerted effort to consolidate these efforts to bring about some relief to our nation and I believe it is not vey far.”

    Rgds

    M Jahangir
    Fresh water Action Network, FAN-SA

  2. Gul Hafeez Khokhar

    Similar information reported by UNICEF mentioned that Pakistan is on target to achieve MDGs for water and sanitation while on other side they report that due to Water borne infections more than 200000 children die every year.

    This is not the way to achive the
    MDGs

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