This document sets out a framework for the enhancement of sanitation services in low-income countries. It is intended primarily to guide WaterAid country programmes as they determine their own context-specific sanitation strategies, but it is hoped that it will also be of value to other organisations which are involved in improving sanitation. The scope of the document spans both rural and urban contexts, but it does not specifically address the important topic of hygiene improvement. This will be the subject of a future WaterAid framework document. A further framework for WaterAid’s urban work is in the final stage of publication. This Sanitation framework is fully consistent with, and builds on, WaterAid’s Sanitation Guidelines (April 2008) which were initially developed at a conference in Livingstone, Zambia, in May 2006. [authors abstract]
- Re: Pathogen concentration in untreated fecal sludge - by: TeamWTR December 19, 2014We also found this references of articles that work with treated and untreated sludges hope they have information usefull to you: Blanca E. Jiménez C., Catalina Maya R. and Germán Salgado V. (2001). The Elimination of Helminth Ova, Fecal Coliforms, Salmonella and Protozoan Cyst by Various Physicochemical Processes in Wastewater and Sludge. Water Science and […]
- Re: Pathogen concentration in untreated fecal sludge - by: JKMakowka December 19, 2014While there might be a theoretical average pathogen burden on populations, which would be then passed on to sanitation systems, I don't see how that would make much sense to measure in on site sanitation systems, where one might be highly polluted as there is a infected person living in the household, while the one next door is free of most pathogens. O […]
- Re: Pathogen destruction in biogas plant vs ABR (Anaerobic Baffled Reactor) - by: JKMakowka December 19, 2014[Start of Page 2 of the discussion] Marijn Zandee wrote: One further comment, I think it would also be interesting to consider in the debate what the influence of pathogens that can be transferred between animals and humans is. Especially if some studies exist concerning the relative transmission rates of human-human and animal-human pathogen transfer in rur […]
- 2014 issues of the WASHplus Weekly - by: campbelldb December 19, 2014In 2014, the WASHplus Weekly compiled 4 issues on WASH & Nutrition, 2 issues on handwashing, and 8 issues on CLTS and other sanitation topics. Other topics include Learning from Failure, Ebola and WASH-related diseases, Multiple-Use Water Services, etc. Link
- Re: Pathogen concentration in untreated fecal sludge - by: TeamWTR December 19, 2014Hi We have a little information on raw untreated sludges. Maybe you can use some of it. Here is a table with the information we have. Hope it is useful, best of luck. Cati.
- Re: Pathogen concentration in untreated fecal sludge - by: TeamWTR December 19, 2014
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