Where it has been introduced, CLTS has been integrated with other development initiatives. Besides ending open defecation, the focus is on a more comprehensive package which includes wastewater management, solid waste disposal, overall hygiene and more. The approach has also been modified in some countries to ‘School-led Total Sanitation (SLTS)’, whereby schools are the prime drivers in achieving ODF status. This has widened the spread of CLTS and its impact, both among adults and children. Plan, Water Aid and UNICEF have become important disseminators and champions of CLTS. Today, it is present in many countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Middle East and Africa. In sub-Saharan Africa, it has taken root in 28 countries and gained the support of decision makers and professionals, who have recognised it as a successful, cost-effective approach and have issued a declaration to urge governments to take more decisive steps to ensure ODF environments among local communities.
- Re: History of ecosan - Causes for abandoning recovery of nutrients from human excreta - by: madeleine November 24, 2014Hi Scott & all Good to hear from you! Just to say you need to be very persistent when it comes to regulations. Her is an extract from the document that guarantee that it ´s allowed to use CERTIFIED treated urine, blackwater and sludge . The technical requirements are all in Swedish but the abstract is in English and intersting to share. So maybe that is […]
- Re: History of ecosan - Causes for abandoning recovery of nutrients from human excreta - by: bracken November 24, 2014Dear all, In my opinion there is one definitive text written on the history of reuse: "Feed or Feedback: Agriculture, Population Dynamics and the State of the Planet" written by the emeritus professor in biological sciences, by A. Duncan-Brown - an absolute must read, not only for those interested in the history of reuse, but on the global impacts […]
- Re: Reply: New video on Managing Feces in Sacks, plus online interview on UDDTs - by: madeleine November 24, 2014Dear Dennis There are large scale of urine separation toilets where urine is collected reused in the fast growing suburb in a Mega city . One example is in the La Paz where more than 1OOO households are benefitting from the system. I am on my way I to visit Sumaj Huase and the Water utiliity in El Alto and I will be happy to report back in the mean time read […]
- Reply: South African Demonstration around the town of Cofimvaba (Earth Auger toilet, a UDDT with an auger) - by: jay bhagwan November 24, 2014Dear Elizabeth Responding to many of your questions you pose on why Cofimvaba… Firstly, shit comes from one source, the anus and wherever it is produced it is needed to be treated. So whether it is rural, urban or informal does not really matter – as long as the technology is robust to treat faeces. Also we need not have to get hooked on reuse of sludges etc […]
- Re: History of ecosan - Causes for abandoning recovery of nutrients from human excreta - by: scottchen November 24, 2014Hi, Elisabeth: In China, 20 years ago, when the labor was cheap and chemical fertilzer looked expensive, the farmers would collect the human and animal waste for the agriculture. But, 10 years ago, the labor cost became expensive and the chemical fertilizer looker cheaper, few farmers were interested in reuse the huaman waste. No profit is the major cause fo […]
- Re: History of ecosan - Causes for abandoning recovery of nutrients from human excreta - by: madeleine November 24, 2014
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