- SuSanA News Mail March 2013 online March 19, 2013Dear SuSanA members and partners, This monthly e-mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. This e-mail is sent to 3593 subscribers and contains the following topics: 1. Status quo analysis of SuSanA 2008 to 2012 summary now available online 2. Add your voice to the next 5 years of SuSanA 3. The 4C networking campaign 4. Vide […]
- SuSanA News Mail January 2013 online January 31, 2013This monthly e-mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. This e-mail is sent to 3681 subscribers and contains the following topics: 1. SuSanA's sixth Anniversary 2. Bill Melinda Gates Foundation grants now open for discussion on SuSanA forum. Join in! 3. The world we want! The post-2015 WASH sub-consultation 4. Make pos […]
- SuSanA News Mail November 2012 online November 22, 2012The monthly news mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. For more frequent news updates please visit our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/susana.org (http://www.facebook.com/susana.org) or check the SuSanA discussion forum http://www.forum.susana.org (http://www.forum.susana.org). This monthly e-mail informs you about […]
- FSM2 conference in October 2012 in Durban, South Africa November 16, 2012Read more... (http://www.susana.org/lang-en/conference-and-training-materials/materials-of-conferences/2012-conferences/243-2012-conferences/781-fsm2)
- SuSanA News Mail September 2012 online September 16, 2012The monthly news mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. For more frequent news updates please visit our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/susana.org (http://www.facebook.com/susana.org) or check the SuSanA discussion forum http://www.forum.susana.org (http://www.forum.susana.org). This news mail is sent to 3120 subscr […]
- SuSanA News Mail March 2013 online March 19, 2013
- Good question! January 30, 2013The cover of the 10 January issue of The Economist:
- World Toilet Day November 19, 2012Today is World Toilet Day – see here and also ThePublicToilet.com. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, in association with Domestos, has released this report which is well worth reading: Toilets for Health.
- No toilet, no bride! November 16, 2012In the UK Daily Mail of 23 October: No toilet? Then no bride − the Indian government's bizarre new campaign to increase indoor lavatories. Well, that’s one way of promoting sanitation!
- Top three toilets? October 31, 2012From the Gates Foundation website (dated 14 August): ‘Bill Gates Names Winners of the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge’:California Institute of Technology in the United States received the $100,000 first prize for designing a solar-powered toilet that generates hydrogen and electricity. Loughborough University in the United Kingdom won the $60,000 second place […]
- Agroforestry and arborloos August 8, 2012In a letter to The Economist (28 July 2012) Tony Simons, Director General of the World Agroforestry Centre in Nairobi, writes that, to reduce hunger and promote food security in the Sahel, agroforestry is the way forward. As he notes, “Trees provide not only ecological resilience but also cash income, energy, environmental services, fodder for animals and nu […]
- Erdos: “World's biggest eco-toilet scheme fails” July 31, 2012“The dry toilets in Inner Mongolia's Daxing eco-community have been quietly replaced after three years of bad smells, health problems and maggots.” Oops! See the full entry in the Guardian Environment Network (30 July 2012).
- Fossas alternas July 30, 2012IRC has on its website a good photo-sequence on how to build a fossa alterna: “This photo story shows you how to construct a fossa alterna, how to empty it and how to process the compost. After 12−18 months of composting it is safe to empty a fossa alterna toilet and use the compost as fertilizer for your garden soil”. Fossas alternas? Read Peter Morgan’s To […]
- Rural sanitation July 27, 2012What Does It Take to Scale Up Rural Sanitation? by Eduardo Perez and published earlier this month by the Water and Sanitation Program is an important document because, as the report’s webpage says, “Today, 2.5 billion people live without access to improved sanitation. … Of those without access to sanitation, 75 percent live in rural areas [emphasis added].” […]
- The 2011 Pumphandle Lecture July 26, 2012Have a look at the John Snow Society’s 2011 Pumphandle Lecture Epidemiology for the Bottom Billion – where there’s not even a pump handle to remove! by Hans Rosling who’s a professor at the Karolinska Institute and also chairman of the Gapminder Foundation. An excellent lecture. Check out the Gapminder videos − you’ll find some pretty stunning ones!Who’s Joh […]
- Global WatSan costs July 26, 2012WHO published in May this year Global costs and benefits of drinking-water supply and sanitation interventions to reach the MDG target and universal coverage by Dr Guy Hutton. Here’s the Overview from the WHO webpage for the report:This report updates previous economic analyses conducted by the World Health Organization, using new WSS coverage rates, costs o […]
- Good question! January 30, 2013
- New video on Managing Feces in Sacks, plus online interview on UDDTs - by: canaday May 26, 2013Hi everyone, I would like to invite you to see a 4-minute video that a friend and I just did concerning the management of feces from UDDTs in woven, polypropylene sacks. All of the info is in Spanish and English subtitles, so you can either turn the lively Australian didgeridoo sound track up or down according to your preference. We did this video to show th […]
- Re: Chinese Technical Code for Application of Anaerobic Digestate Fertilizer (Bioslurry) - by: AquaVerde May 25, 2013May I add some "old" stuff from the 1970s: Jean Pain - The power of compost Jean Pain (1930 - 1981) was a French innovator who developed a compost based bioenergy system that produced 100% of his energy needs. He heated water to 60 degrees Celsius at a rate of 4 litres a minute which he used for washing and heating. He also distilled enough methane […]
- Interactive and growing: New forum help section is now online! - by: susanaforum May 25, 2013Dear all, we are very happy to announce that we created a new "Forum help section" to better cater the needs of first time users and users which experience problems or come up with questions during the use of the SuSanA discussion forum. Our idea was to create an interactive and growing help section that vividly adapts to the user's needs by a […]
- Re: legislation on the feces used as fertilizer in different countries - by: biscarlos May 24, 2013Well, I searched Ecosanred publications, and experiences in the world and made the subject of UDDT, but still I can not find any official rules, available to validate the feces and urine as fertilizer, for he wanted some data on countries that have legislated on the subject. Unfortunately, the World Health Organization has just issued recommendations, whic […]
- Re: legislation on the feces used as fertilizer in different countries - by: muench May 24, 2013Hello, Well, you only partially answered my questions. What search methods have you used so far and what have you found? Whilst there are plenty of publications on the beneficial use of faeces (and urine) on crop production (see SuSanA library, www.susana.org/library), I am not aware of any specific legislation for it. The closest I can think of are the WHO […]
- Bioelectric Toilets for Waste Treatment and Energy Production (University of Colorado, USA) - by: bioelectric May 24, 2013Dear All, I would like to introduce our technology and systems that are funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. I am an associate professor at University of Colorado, USA, and we are focusing on developing bioelectric toilets that can directly convert human waste and other waste materials to electricity and other chemicals for household and other […]
- Re: Solar Sanitation for Fecal Sludge Management - by: sahidul93 May 24, 2013Yesterday I visited such treatment plant at Meherpur Pourashava, Meherpur, Bangladesh. There was no research, but as a rumor of poisonous bacteria, the plant is going to stopped. The farmers do not use it as manure.
- Re: legislation on the feces used as fertilizer in different countries - by: biscarlos May 24, 2013Hi Elizabeth, I'm looking for information on existing legislation in the world in terms of the use of feces and urine from UDDT's for crop improvement. Mainly looking for these waste parameters required by any national or municipal regulation. This research is being conducted in Chile, to the need to validate the dried feces as a non-harmful to the […]
- Photoactive silicones for self-cleaning and antimicrobial sanitary units (American Environmental Systems, Inc., USA) - by: hmalak May 24, 2013Hello, I would like to introduce you to my GCE Phase-I grant funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation which is performed in USA: Title of grant: Photoactive Silicones for Self-Cleaning and Antimicrobial Sanitary Units Subtitle: Always Clean and Microbial Free Sanitary Units Name of lead organization: American Environmental Systems, Inc. Primary cont […]
- Re: Biogas production from digested sewage sludge - by: AquaVerde May 24, 2013I came across a good presentation on Biogas technology a key technology to adjust fluctuating renewable energy sources and to recycle scarce resources from bio-wastes and residues by Prof. Jens Born See developments on ABR technology: Fermenter Technology - M-ABR (combination of fermentation and biofilm) 1. Biogas ABR-technology has a lot of innovative poten […]
- New video on Managing Feces in Sacks, plus online interview on UDDTs - by: canaday May 26, 2013
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Category Archives: Economic Benefits
This issue contains some of the latest news and announcements about the role of entrepreneurs in providing water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and household energy products and services. This includes several winners of the Social Entrepreneurs 2012 award by the Schwab Foundation and USAID support for commercializing hand washing and establishing markets for cookstoves in Haiti. Also included is a link to cookstove market assessments by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, which provide suggestions for removing barriers that prevent the creation of a cookstove market for more than 20 countries.
A new IRC paper explores some contributions being made by honey-sucker tanker operators — that renders a small-scale sanitation service informally and within the private sector — on waste (faecal) extraction and, in some cases, reuse. Operating outside the legal framework of waste management, this paper provides preliminary insight into the limitations and potentials of the ‘honey-sucker business’ as a sanitation service model, based on selected experiences in Bengaluru (India).
Cash Rewards Spur Poor Communities to Pay for Sanitation Projects | Source: by Nicole Wallace, Philanthropy.com – Sept 11, 2012
An international aid charity is taking an unorthodox approach to helping people in Cambodia and Vietnam improve sanitation and hygiene: It asks beneficiaries to help pay for the construction of latrines and hand-washing stations, but then gives them cash rewards when they get results. The effort will now spread, thanks to a $10.9-million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
The East Meets West Foundation, in Oakland, Calif., works with local groups to provide hygiene education, train masons to build high-quality latrines, and broker low-cost loans that families can use to install latrines and hand-washing devices. Families receive a $10 rebate to help offset construction costs after an independent group has verified that the latrine is in place.
Communities also get incentives: They receive cash awards to be put toward public-works projects, such as roads and sanitation facilities in schools, when the percentage of households that have latrines and hand-washing devices hits 30 percent, and the communities receive more money when those rates reach 95 percent.
The Global Partnerships for Healthy Homes Initiative (GPH2I) is a multi-disciplinary research initiative launched by the Institute for Corporate Responsibility in partnership with The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services and Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration. It brings together faculty and students from the three schools to conduct research in developing and managing innovative approaches to environmental health issues.
OUR VISION – GPH2I aims to help develop healthy living GPH2I environments – including access to safe water, low-cost sanitation, improved hygiene, and reduced indoor air pollution – through the integration of research and action. Our goal is to maximize disease prevention and quality of life in communities and households through carefully researched and designed interventions that result in benefits that persist beyond the life of projects.
OUR APPROACH - GPH2I uses applied public health, business and GPH2Ipolicy research to develop, test and evaluate holistic and multi-disciplinary interventions, which include public and private sector actors. With our combined expertise in environmental health, business model, and impact evaluation, our approach integrates action across a variety of factors that affect the health and quality of life of households and communities. This integrated approach allows us to address environmental health challenges effectively.
Illustrative research questions include:
- How to measure household willingness to pay and quantify household preferences for public health goods and services?
- How to design incentive structures to improve uptake and use of public health goods and services?
- How to design cross-subsidies and alternative financing to reach vulnerable households when direct cost recovery is infeasible?
- How to monitor and evaluate market-based intervention approaches?
- How to design effective public private partnerships?• How to monitor and evaluate impact of public private partnerships?
From: Julie Straw, MPH
CARE USA Water Team
SWASH+ is an action-research and advocacy project focused on increasing the scale, impact and sustainability of school water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions in Kenya. Since September 2006, SWASH+ has collaborated with teachers and students in 185 primary schools in four districts in Nyanza Province, Kenya to identify challenges and analyze innovative solutions for sustaining school WASH. The project’s randomized controlled trials and numerous sub-studies have resulted in a compendium of research publications, one-page research summaries, stories from the field, photo essays and short films now available for the public on the new SWASH+ website.
Six years of research was not conducted to simply share findings among academics and non-government organizations; from day 1 the project was designed with a strong advocacy-for-policy-change to reach successful implementation of school WASH throughout Kenya. The Government of Kenya has been a key contributor and the ultimate target audience for the lessons and recommendations from the SWASH+ project.
This research-based advocacy approach has led to wide-spread change across Kenya. SWASH+ research directly contributed to the Kenya’s Ministry of Education decision to double funding for school WASH ($840,000/year) with potentially more to come. This increase makes a difference in whether or not a school is able to purchase consumables such as soap, WaterGuard for treating water, and latrine cleaning supplies – thus affecting student wellbeing and attendance. Research also brought national attention to the menstrual hygiene needs of young women in Kenya, resulting in Kenyan government allocation of $3.4 million for sanitary pads for school girls this year. SWASH+ research also impacted the adoption of new curriculum and…(want to read more? Check out the new SWASH+ website)
Welcome to the Sanitation Marketing Community of Practice!
Are you a WASH practitioner currently working on Sanitation Marketing activities? Do you find yourself struggling to find others you can talk to about the practical issues you face – like how to work with a marketing agency, support a small business or design a new low-cost product? Are you thinking about starting a sanitation marketing program, but don’t know where to start?
As you know 2.5 billion people still lack access to basic sanitation and this has devastating impacts on the lives and health of people and communities. At this rate the sanitation target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) may not be met until 2026, making it one of the most off-track targets in many countries of the world. To address this sanitation crisis, it is now clear that programs focused on latrine construction will not be enough. New approaches like Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) have proven that communities can be motivated to change their sanitation situation – but that the first step is triggering behaviour change.
Small-scale finance for water and sanitation, 2012. SHARE.
This report identifies ways in which governments and External Support Agencies can increase access to finance for small-scale WATSAN providers, by channelling public funding to support the market and leverage private sector financing. The ultimate objective in doing so is to increase access to services for poor households, who either invest in the services themselves or rely on small-scale providers.
The dumping of untreated faecal sludge in urban areas has been described as an ecological time bomb. In African cities, typically less than 15 percent of residents are served by centralised sewage systems, and figures for Asian countries are not much better. Yet there is a growing number of examples where re-use of urban faecal waste as fertiliser is linking city households and peri-urban farmers in a chain that provides both affordable sanitation and soil fertility. A recent study of sanitation services provided in Bengaluru (Bangalore), in southern India, suggests such approaches deserve to be legalised and scaled up within an appropriate legal framework to ensure the safety of farm workers and consumers.
Read the full article in the New Agriculturist, July 2012
Assessment of the performance of a novel, on-site, worm based sanitation system for peri-urbanvenvironments, 2012.
F. F. Kassam
This study evaluates how effective a worm based sanitation system is in reducing the rate at which solid waste accumulates and at how worms can improve the quality of effluent by reducing pathogen levels and the concentrations of harmful chemicals. Both pilot scale laboratory reactors and a prototype Tiger Toilet were fed with human faeces on a daily basis and the accumulated solid wastes in the systems were weighed. Every week microbiological and chemical analysis was carried out on the effluents of the systems, as well as of a control reactor without worms, which provided a point of comparison.
Over the course of the investigation, the worms processed the waste and reduced the total accumulated solids by 90% in the laboratory reactor and by 70% in the prototype reactor. Pathogen levels were reduced by an average of 99.79% and 95.45% in the laboratory reactor and the prototype reactor respectively, over this period. There was a reduction in the levels of harmful chemicals, such as COD, which reduced by around 94% in both reactors. This investigation verified that the Tiger Toilet technology provides an effective, low cost, low tech solution to less economically developed countries’ sanitation problems.