Villagers in Salkot, western Surkhet, have to produce a “sanitation card” when applying for services from the Village Development Committee (VDC).
The “sanitation card” system was introduced in Salkot in mid April 2011 when it was declared an open defecation free zone.
The card contains information on whether the house of the card holder has a toilet and has pledged to no longer practice open defecation.
According to VDC Secretary Tilak Ram Adhikari red cards are issued to households which do not not concrete toilets and white cards to those which do have them.
The VDC office claimed that the out of total 1,553 households of the VDC, 1,117 households have been using toilets.
Source: The Rising Nepal, 18 Jul 2011
Another example of how coercion is used in sanitation programmes comes from Radhapur village, Banke district in Nepal’s Mid-western Region. The Village Development Committee (VDC) of Radhapur prevents people without toilets “from getting recommendations for citizenship, land certificates and other services”. Schools also do not give scholarships to students from “dalit” (untouchable) families that don’t have a toilet in their house.
Scholarship are made available by the Water Supply and Total Sanitation Programme. So far one school says it has provided scholarships to 133 households.The Radhapur VDC, Nepal Water for Health (NEWAH) and other organisations provide loans for toilet construction.
Source: Rajdhani / NGO Forum, 30 Jun 30, 2011