Tag Archives: disaster relief

The Application of Ecological Sanitation for Excreta Disposal in Disaster Relief

The Application of Ecological Sanitation for Excreta Disposal in Disaster Relief: Experience, Selection and Design; 2012.

Katherine Kinsted. Institute of Wastewater Management and Water Protection.

When responding to an emergency situation, ensuring safe excreta disposal is an urgent priority in the disaster relief effort. Aid organizations typically dig trench or pit latrines, but in some challenging environments, different methods such as ecological sanitation (Ecosan) must be employed. Ecosan is sanitation methods and technologies which promote the safe reuse rather than the disposal of excreta. Currently, Ecosan is mostly implemented in disaster relief for flood-prone areas and locations where excavation is not possible. In addition to meeting the sanitation needs of the affected population, Ecosan can be implemented to allow added benefits such as nutrient recovery, reforestation, and to help begin post-disaster recovery and the transition to peaceful and sustainable development.

Several examples of disaster relief situations where Ecosan methods are employed are investigated. Statistics about these case studies are presented along with successful and challenging aspects of the implementation. Four forms of Ecosan, urine diverting dehydration toilets (UDDT), Arborloo, biodegradable bags and composting toilets are discussed in six countries (Bolivia, Haiti, Chad, Philippines, New Zealand and Bangladesh). UDDTs had the widest extent of implementation and their flexible design makes them a good option for areas where excavation is difficult or there is a high chance of groundwater pollution (such as in flood prone regions). The composting processes offer the best success with reuse of excreta material as compost. Unfortunately though, these processes were quite complicated and do not necessary provide groundwater protection. The Arborloo provided a simpler solution with resource reuse, but this design is unfortunately not appropriate in regions where either excavation is not possible or where high groundwater is present. The Peepoo solution has shown itself to be successful in the preliminary trials, but the design still has many challenges such as cost effectiveness and user-friendliness.

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UNICEF – Young people help to improve sanitation in Haiti

Feb. 2010 – UNICEF Providing Water and Sanitation in Haiti

Chile – Tweet tracking locates water/sanitation equipment

Tweet Tracking Site Helps Chile Relief Agencies Save Lives

MAULE, Chile, March 3 (SEND2PRESS NEWSWIRE) — A woman uses her Twitter account to plead for help in locating her missing daughter – and finds her. An aid group puts out an urgent call for water sanitation equipment. A church group with food to offer asks for storage space in the earthquake-devastated city of Concepcion. A new site created by the World Mind Network and Chilean Earthquake Relief helps make these stories happen.

These are examples of how micro-blogging sites, social networks, and cell phone SMS messages are being used to pinpoint immediate needs in quake-ravaged Chile, and get resources and information instantly to where they’re needed. But so many micro-blogging and social network accounts exist; how to find the ones with truly pertinent information?

A centralized website sponsored by Chilean Earthquake Relief and the World Mind Network lists only those Twitter, Google Buzz, and Plurk feeds, Facebook and hi5 postings, local video streams and blog posts which are updated every few minutes and which are known to often carry urgent messages from victims and relief workers. The site is www.chileearthquaketweettracker.net.

Volunteers have been monitoring all the streams on the site so far, but the plan is for 4 teams of students to track all the feeds around the clock. As new useful trackers are found they are added; as old ones become less useful, they are eliminated.

The goal is to list and link to every micro-blogging monitor which consistently displays the most urgent messages. Then the volunteers find ways to get the information to the relevant authorities, including the Red Cross, Save the Children, Oxfam, and Americares. Site operators are using the knowledge they gain to create a “template” for use in future disasters and crises.

For more information, or to volunteer, contact worldmindnetwork@gmail.com

Source – http://www.send2press.com/newswire/2020-03-0303-003.shtml

Myanmar: Finding ways to address urgent water and sanitation needs

More than three weeks after Cyclone Nargis tore across Myanmar’s Irrawaddy delta, assessments still place the provision of clean water as one of the top priorities for survivors.

The International Federation, in close cooperation with the Myanmar Red Cross and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) continues to explore ways of trying to meet these needs.

An ICRC water purification unit was deployed to Dedaye, a town in the delta, on 21 May, manned by five Myanmar Red Cross volunteers. The unit has been set up and has started to produce 72,000 litres of water a day.

Read More – ReliefWeb