- Re: latrine technology question about the use of two chamber rural latrine septic tanks - by: rhockkh October 23, 2014Dear Florian, Thanks for your response - very interesting. Essentially, I'm wondering if the additional piping (see red pipe in attachment 2) will ensure that 'safer' water will drain into the second soakaway tank than the original piping set up in attachment 1? Richard
- Re: Do you know about wastewater disposal in deep wells in US? - by: KeithBell October 22, 2014Chris, thanks for posting that new BBC program about pharmaceuticals in wastewater. They open the program with discussion of intersex fish downstream of WWTP blamed on estrogenic pharmaceuticals such as birth control pills. But compared to natural estrogens excreted from everyone's intestines, this appears to be a minute fraction of the problem. Who […]
- Re: sanitation 21 - by: jonpar October 22, 2014Dear F H Mughal, Thanks very for your message. I agree the document could be longer (although initially we were trying to produce something quite a bit shorter that what is available. It could in fact be a full book but there are two reasons why it isn't Firstly, although it would provide more comprehensive technical guidance, we didn't set out to […]
- Re: Do you know about wastewater disposal in deep wells in US? - by: skdentel October 22, 2014Actually, this is a good place to put in a plug for our breathable membrane latrine project, since the fabric will retain trace contaminants within the fecal sludge while it dries. We have not tested this, but it should be the case for any non-volatile pollutants since only vapors pass through. More is here.
- Re: Health information on Wikipedia is going from strength to strength - can we do the same for sanitation (together with others)? - by: muench October 22, 2014Dear all, Thanks for your notes, Chris and Pete. I agree totally with you both about getting students involved with assignments to work on Wikipedia articles, the different target group we could reach with Wikipedia articles on sanitation and also the idea of using the SuSanA working group members ro rally behind improving certain Wikipedia pages. About the […]
- Re: latrine technology question about the use of two chamber rural latrine septic tanks - by: rhockkh October 23, 2014
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Tag Archives: financing
Small-scale finance for water and sanitation, 2012. SHARE.
This report identifies ways in which governments and External Support Agencies can increase access to finance for small-scale WATSAN providers, by channelling public funding to support the market and leverage private sector financing. The ultimate objective in doing so is to increase access to services for poor households, who either invest in the services themselves or rely on small-scale providers.
This issue of the WASHplus Weekly contains case studies and evaluations of financing methods for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) projects. Included in the WASH sector is an IRC review of sanitation financing models, a GTZ review on financing rural water supply, and case studies from Kenya and Mali. Please let WASHplus know if you have additional resources on this topic or suggestions for future issues of the Weekly.
Financing Household On-Site Sanitation for the Poor, 2011. Water and Sanitation Program
Public funding can trigger significantly increased access to household sanitation. Public investments of varying forms enabled an absolute increase in the fraction of the target population gaining access to sanitation, which varied between 20 and 70 percent. Each of the programs enabled significant numbers of people to improve their sanitation—from the largest (more than 21 million gained access in Maharashtra) to the smallest (more than 140,000 in Ecuador). Although sanitation projects have earned a reputation as difficult and often ineffective, there is compelling evidence that government investment can yield results.
The different financing strategies adopted had a profound influence on equity, scale, sustainability, levels of service, and costs. No project represented a “silver bullet” approach that can be replicated globally: different models will be more appropriate based on specific project objectives. One indicator of the effectiveness of public finance use is the number of households gaining basic access per US$1,000 of public funding. Like most indicators, this ration cannot tell the whole story by itself because both the levels of service offered and the costs varied between projects. Nevertheless, it is revealing that in rural Bangladesh, US$1,000 of public investments resulted in improved sanitation for 135 households, while in Senegal the same public funding only served 1.6 households with improved sanitation.
A common pass book we know is one that contains cash deposits and withdrawal amounts in detail, but in the Entrepreneurs Multipurpose Cooperative in the town of Pavia, they issue pass books indicating kilos of bottles, plastics, and recyclables items as deposits.
The pass books belong to women entrepreneurs called Eco-Savers, majority women vendors and microenterprise operators, who in partnership with the local government of Pavia, are discharged with the responsibility of managing the town’s solid wastes, especially those generated in the public market.
Joy Palmada, manager of the cooperative, proudly shows the bundles of pass books to visitors and clients and those interested how the scheme works and how it has made Pavia a garbage-free municipality.
Just as several flagship development projects like the construction of rural roads have been hit by rising input costs, the government has been forced to take a hard look at its cost estimates for building toilets for families below the poverty line in rural India. Soaring steel and cement prices have already hit the Centre’s toilet targets under the total sanitation campaign (TSC) in recent months.
See also: see also Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in the XI Plan, PIB, 22 Aug 2008
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre organises a symposium ‘Sanitation for the Urban Poor: Governance and Partnerships’, from 19 – 21 November 2008, in Delft, the Netherlands. Abstracts for the symposium papers on the following five topics – urban governance and sanitation, innovative finance for sanitation, partnerships for sanitation, dynamics of urban settlements, and technological options – can be sent before May 31, 2008.