The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) has granted 3.9 million Swedish crowns (US$ 587,000) for a three-year project on sustainable sanitation in flooded areas in India. The research project is lead by Stockholm Environment Institute in collaboration with the WASH Institute, India, and focuses on sustainable sanitation solutions in areas experiencing recurrent flooding. The state of Bihar is the most flood-prone state in India with more than 16 percent of the total flood-affected area and with more than 22 percent of India’s flood-affected population.
The current sanitation coverage in Bihar is less than 25 % but actual use is much lower.
Flooding and the sanitation-related issues that come with it strongly affect the most vulnerable individuals, children under five, the disabled, elderly and child-bearing women, through diarrheal diseases.
SEI announced the project at the Global Forum on Sanitation and Hygiene which took place from 9-14 October 2011 in Mumbai, India.
International humanitarian organisation Action Against Hunger | ACF International has mounted an emergency response after the heaviest rainfall in almost a century destroyed major parts of Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, affecting more than 150,000 people. 50,000 people have sought refuge in dozens of temporary shelter sites throughout the capital.
On 1st September , more than 10 inches of rainfall dropped in a 12-hour period, flooding 50% of the capital and leaving tens of thousands of people homeless. The displaced have sought refuge at 88 temporary sites across the capital, each sheltering between 200 and 1500 people. The authorities are concerned about the inappropriate water and sanitation facilities at the temporary shelter sites and worsening hygiene conditions.
Working closely with the authorities and other humanitarian actors on the ground, Action Against Hunger is launching an emergency response to assist 6,000 people affected by the flooding by improving hygiene conditions in 12 temporary shelters with funding from the City of Paris and the French Foreign Ministry. Action Against Hunger plans to put in place sanitation systems to provide basic hygiene standards. 150 latrines as well as washing areas and showers will be constructed and hygiene kits will be distributed to the displaced. Action Against Hunger will also monitor the water and sanitation situation to ensure that a minimum of 15 litres of safe water per person per day is available in line with international minimum standards in disaster response.
The torrential rainfall in Burkina Faso was the worst since 1914. Existing systems are not adapted to deal with an emergency of this proportion. The situation also is precarious in neighbouring countries where torrential rainfall and flooding have affected 600,000 people.
In Médina Gounass neighborhood of Guédiawaye, a slum on the outskirts of Dakar, people use garbage “to shore up their flood-prone houses and streets”. “Garbage, packed down tight and then covered with a thin layer of sand, is used to raise the floors of houses that flood regularly in the brief but intense summer rainy season, and it is packed into the dusty streets that otherwise become canals. The water lingers for months in the low-lying terrain of this bone-dry country. Garbage is a surrogate building material, a critical filler to deal with the stagnant water — cheap, instantly accessible and never diminishing. The plastic-laden spillover from these foul-smelling deliveries pokes up through the sandy lots, covers the ground between the crumbling cinder-block houses, becomes grazing ground for goats, playground for barefoot, runny-nosed children and breeding ground for swarms of flies. Disease flourishes here, aid groups say: cholera, malaria, yellow fever and tuberculosis”.
[...] “In an upside-down world where garbage is sought for and dumped among homes, not removed, “people have no alternatives; they are left to themselves; they can only count on themselves,” said Joseph Gaï Ramaka, a leading Senegalese filmmaker, who made a documentary [see below] about an incomplete government effort, the Plan Jaxaay, to build modern housing for people in vulnerable neighborhoods.
Read more: Adam Nossiner, New York Times, 03 May 2009
Widespread flooding in southern Angola has been blamed for a surge in cholera, with 4,500 cases of the waterborne disease reported this year, and 150 fatalities.
“Stagnant ponds create further breeding sites for malaria-carrying mosquitoes; wells and latrines have been contaminated with floodwater, and local communities are cut off from their usual water sources. Without clean water families hit by the floods are at serious risk of death and disease”, said Adam Berthoud, Regional Public Health Advisor for Oxfam.
Dear SuSanA members and partners, This monthly e-mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. This e-mail is sent to 3593 subscribers and contains the following topics: 1. Status quo analysis of SuSanA 2008 to 2012 summary now available online 2. Add your voice to the next 5 years of SuSanA 3. The 4C networking campaign 4. Vide […]
This monthly e-mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. This e-mail is sent to 3681 subscribers and contains the following topics: 1. SuSanA's sixth Anniversary 2. Bill Melinda Gates Foundation grants now open for discussion on SuSanA forum. Join in! 3. The world we want! The post-2015 WASH sub-consultation 4. Make pos […]
The monthly news mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. For more frequent news updates please visit our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/susana.org (http://www.facebook.com/susana.org) or check the SuSanA discussion forum http://www.forum.susana.org (http://www.forum.susana.org). This monthly e-mail informs you about […]
The monthly news mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. For more frequent news updates please visit our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/susana.org (http://www.facebook.com/susana.org) or check the SuSanA discussion forum http://www.forum.susana.org (http://www.forum.susana.org). This news mail is sent to 3120 subscr […]
Today is World Toilet Day – see here and also ThePublicToilet.com. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, in association with Domestos, has released this report which is well worth reading: Toilets for Health.
From the Gates Foundation website (dated 14 August): ‘Bill Gates Names Winners of the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge’:California Institute of Technology in the United States received the $100,000 first prize for designing a solar-powered toilet that generates hydrogen and electricity. Loughborough University in the United Kingdom won the $60,000 second place […]
In a letter to The Economist (28 July 2012) Tony Simons, Director General of the World Agroforestry Centre in Nairobi, writes that, to reduce hunger and promote food security in the Sahel, agroforestry is the way forward. As he notes, “Trees provide not only ecological resilience but also cash income, energy, environmental services, fodder for animals and nu […]
“The dry toilets in Inner Mongolia's Daxing eco-community have been quietly replaced after three years of bad smells, health problems and maggots.” Oops! See the full entry in the Guardian Environment Network (30 July 2012).
IRC has on its website a good photo-sequence on how to build a fossa alterna: “This photo story shows you how to construct a fossa alterna, how to empty it and how to process the compost. After 12−18 months of composting it is safe to empty a fossa alterna toilet and use the compost as fertilizer for your garden soil”. Fossas alternas? Read Peter Morgan’s To […]
What Does It Take to Scale Up Rural Sanitation? by Eduardo Perez and published earlier this month by the Water and Sanitation Program is an important document because, as the report’s webpage says, “Today, 2.5 billion people live without access to improved sanitation. … Of those without access to sanitation, 75 percent live in rural areas [emphasis added].” […]
Have a look at the John Snow Society’s 2011 Pumphandle Lecture Epidemiology for the Bottom Billion – where there’s not even a pump handle to remove! by Hans Rosling who’s a professor at the Karolinska Institute and also chairman of the Gapminder Foundation. An excellent lecture. Check out the Gapminder videos − you’ll find some pretty stunning ones!Who’s Joh […]
WHO published in May this year Global costs and benefits of drinking-water supply and sanitation interventions to reach the MDG target and universal coverage by Dr Guy Hutton. Here’s the Overview from the WHO webpage for the report:This report updates previous economic analyses conducted by the World Health Organization, using new WSS coverage rates, costs o […]
Greetings Elizabeth, Thank you for posting this link to a very comprehensive document. I recently participated in Sustainable Phosphorus (P) Research Coordination Network (RCN) Kickoff, supported by National Science Foundation and administered through Arizona State University. It was there that some working groups emerged, one of which is sustainable P in co […]
Dear Cecilia, I was at that conference, and I came back with a hardcopy of the proceedings which are now in the library at GIZ in Eschborn. This doesn't help you much... Here is a scan of the first two pages so that you know at least what it looks like. www2.gtz.de/Dokumente/oe44/ecosan/en-TOC...-conference-2008.pdf (if you need a specific paper, perhap […]
Hi Gerwin, you need to invent your solution. With SuSana, you can find all the existing systems. If it does not exist, create it. But it is a long way and a lot of money; believe me. I think that you can find a easier solution. Try to find a mix solution, using an existing system and you complete it by another part. Sometimes, it is better than developing a […]
Dear all, Many thanks, to all researchers sharing information about yourselves and your innovative research project. You have really been successful setting-up a multi-disciplinary consortium of researchers, which will be a valuable to face the different challenges you will face. Maybe you can answer some of the question that I had when reading about your pr […]
We are thrilled to announce that EcoLoo AB will be participating in Aid & International Development Forum 2013 in Washington DC, USA this year from 21-22 May 2013 (www.aidforumonline.org). It is our great pleasure to invite you to our booth (nr. 440) where you are able to meet in person and develop business together for greener future. We would also appr […]
Take part in a free circular economy online course In June, the Ellen MacArthur Foundation will launch the first open online course on the circular economy. The course is free to attend, and will provide an initial introduction to the circular economy framework. Who’s it for? The resources and topics covered will interest teachers, lecturers, students, desig […]
a great women with a message to all of us, working in the field of "sustainability": Ellen MacArthur - Learning & The Circular Economy, 20 mins Sailor and founder of the Ellen MacArthur Foundation presents this talk about population, depleting natural resources and the role of education in establishing a new approach based around the Circular E […]
Dear Naomi Thank you for sharing this project, indeed it looks like the most promising way for small scale waste treatment. A few questions: 1) Is perhaps trying to test for the destruction of Geobacillus stearothermophilus an overkill, is it often present in fecal sludge? Maybe treatment times could be reduced if you test for ascaris lumbricoides which seem […]