A new paper reviews the case for the importance of hand, food and menstrual hygiene as candidates for post-MDG goal and target setting. Of the three themes, handwashing with soap at key times is the one which has been the subject of most research and therefore is associated with the strongest evidence base.
The paper was written by a team from the Hygiene Centre at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), the IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre and the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) under contract to USAID. It is an output of the Hygiene Working Group, one of the four Post-2015 Monitoring Working Groups set up by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP). The purpose of the background paper is to stimulate and inform discussion, but not to make any claims for consensus nor suggest that any of the definitions, indicators, goals or targets proposed are final.
In 2013 the United Nations General Assembly will be asked to decide what development goals the international community should seek beyond 2015. The decision will be made based on a proposal that will be submitted to the General Assembly. This proposal will include goals, targets and indicators pertaining to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). The indicators proposed will reflect principles associated with the human right to drinking water and sanitation.
Related web sites:
Biran, A., et al, 2012. Background paper on measuring WASH and food hygiene practices : definition of goals to be tackled post 2015 by the Joint Monitoring Programme. London, UK, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Available at: <http://www.irc.nl/page/72911>
The World Health Organization (WHO) is seeking assistance from those with suitable experience to review the draft – Water, sanitation and hygiene standards in schools in low-cost settings Draft- WASH Standards in Schools. A “Response Form” which details the type of review being sought g can be found here Response Form . Responses from interested individuals/institutions should be sent by 28 February 2009.
The guidelines deal specifically with water supply (water quality, quantity and access), hygiene promotion, sanitation, control of vector-borne disease, cleaning and waste disposal and food storage and preparation. They are designed for use in low-cost settings where simple and affordable measures can make a significant improvement to hygiene and health.
The draft guidelines have been edited by John Adams, Jamie Bartram, Yves Chartier and Jackie Sims.
Cambodia’s widespread trade in live chickens and ducks poses a health risk; it is the easiest way for bird flu to spread
The government is urging poultry vendors to implement good sanitation practices. THE sixth market forum to educate poultry vendors about bird flu prevention and to encourage good sanitation practices was held on Friday at Phnom Penh’s O’Russey market by the government and 14 NGOs.
Mok Chanthol, an official at the National Veterinary Research Institute (NAVRI), said that the number of cases of bird flu in Cambodia could increase in the future if poultry vendors, particularly those selling live chickens and ducks, did not follow good sanitation practices.
“Our purpose is to urge business people, rural doctors and farmers to have more understanding of bird flu and good sanitation,” he said. “Sanitation is a necessary factor [in bird flu prevention],” said Mok Chanthol.
He added that the campaign was held at O’Russey Market because it is a popular place to buy and sell live chickens and ducks.
More – Phnom Penh Post
Inadequate sanitation leads to eight deaths in the country every hour, topping the list of all causes of mortality, Health Minister, Major (rtd) Courage Quashigah, has disclosed.
He was speaking at the launch of the Sixth National Food Safety Week in Accra yesterday.
He said that the total number of yearly out-patient cases reported with food-borne diseases such as diarrhoea, typhoid, cholera and hepatitis, is about 420,000 with annual death rate of not less than 65,000.
The launch, on the theme: “Clean markets, safe food — a healthy people”, aimed at establishing a framework for the creation of food safety awareness among stakeholders such as the Ministry of Health, Food and Drugs Board (FDB), Ghana Standards Board (GSB), and the World Health Organisation (WHO).
It also sought to demonstrate the way in which safe food delivery can be attained through activating the right partnerships between regulatory institutions, industry, academia and consumers.
The minister said poor hygiene is associated with these diseases adding, “Diarrhoea diseases from consumption of raw and rotten vegetables and fruits, meat and fish production and processing, including street foods, are usually closely linked to poor hygiene”.
More – Modern Ghana