How and Why Countries are Changing to Reach Universal Access in Rural Sanitation by 2030 | SOURCE: Eddy Perez, The Water Blog, July 2014.
In this article Eddy Perez discusses how many countries have started working to achieve the goal of universal access to improved sanitation by taking steps to make the transformational changes needed to stop doing “business as usual” in their sanitation programs.
He provides several examples of what countries are doing to achieve this. One method is that governments are establishing a shared vision and strategy for rural sanitation among key government and development partner stakeholders by building on evidence from at-scale pilots that serve as policy learning laboratories.
Governments are also partnering with the private sector to increase the availability of sanitation products and services that respond to consumer preferences and their willingness and ability to pay for them and are also working to improve the adequacy of arrangements for financing the programmatic costs.
He then writes about specific sanitation progress in Indonesia, Kenya and Tanzania. In Tanzania, one of the key interventions through which the government of Tanzania is expected to achieve its sanitation vision and targets is the National Sanitation Campaign (NSC). The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare coordinates the implementation of the National Sanitation Campaign with funding from the Water Sector Development Program. There have also been efforts to further strengthen and sustain the NSC structure by establishing linkages to other sectors experts and also getting the Ministry of Health to dedicate a budget line for community sanitation. The Water Basket is the main financing mechanism for community sanitation and hygiene in Tanzania. In the Water Basket, there is a clear budget line for sanitation.
Participatory research conducted in 80 communities in East Java shows that communities achieving ODF status within two months of CLTS triggering are more likely to achieve higher access gains and remain ODF longer than communities that take many months to achieve ODF status. Continue reading
Introductory Guide to Sanitation Marketing, 2011.
Print and Online Toolkit, by Jacqueline Devine and Craig Kullmann, Water and Sanitation Program.
Download Full-text (pdf) and view Online Toolkit
Sanitation marketing is an emerging field with a relatively small group of practitioners who are learning by doing. With an Introductory Guide to Sanitation Marketing and a companion online toolkit the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) seeks to contribute to the field by sharing practical guidance on the design, implementation, and monitoring of rural sanitation marketing programs at scale in India, Indonesia, and Tanzania, plus additional projects implemented in Cambodia and Peru.
The online toolkit includes narrated overviews, videos, and downloadable documents including research reports, sample questionnaires, and more.
Sanitation marketing, together with Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and behaviour change are the three core components WSP’s approach to scaling up rural sanitation, which also includes strengthening the enabling environment.
Posted in Africa, East Asia & Pacific, Economic Benefits, Hygiene Promotion, Latin America & Caribbean, Publications, South Asia, Web sites
Tagged Cambodia, changing behaviour, finance, India, Indonesia, Peru, sanitation marketing, Tanzania, Water and Sanitation Program
Dr Val Curtis
“The most cost-effectiveness intervention for improving public health [is] improving hygiene promotion [and] without change in hygiene behaviour, we get none of the benefits of water, none of the benefits of sanitation”. This was one of the messages that Dr Val Curtis conveyed in her introduction to the session on “Behavioral change and social sustainability” at the WASH Conference 2011 (download audio of her presentation).
Some 224 conference delegates from over 100 organisations in 40 countries came to Brisbane, Australia for the WASH Conference 2011. Below is a selection of the presentations on sanitation – powerpoints + audio files – given on 16-17 May. (If you have never heard him speak before, don’t miss the presentation by CLTS-guru Kamal Kar). The presentation streams dealt with institutional, environmental, social and financial sustainability respectively.
Most of the presentations were about Asia, the focus area of conference co-organiser/sponsor AusAid. There were also a few presentations from Africa, a region where AusAid is looking to expand its WASH activities (see AusAid focus regions/countries).
WASH Conference 2011 presentations on sanitation
Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), Origin, Spread and Scaling up
Presented by Kamal Kar
Slideshare presentation | Download audio
Planning Behaviour Change: Chances and Challenges
Presented by Dr. Christine Sijbesma, IRC
Slideshare presentation | Download audio
Posted in Africa, Campaigns and Events, East Asia & Pacific, Economic Benefits, Hygiene Promotion, Sanitary Facilities, Sanitation and Health, South Asia
Tagged Bangladesh, Cambodia, changing behaviour, finance, Indonesia, Nepal, Rwanda, Timor-Leste, Uganda, Viet Nam, WASH Conference 2011, Zimbabwe
Program: Environment (Increase Access to Safe Drinking Water and Adequate Sanitation)
Dates: April 2011 – April 2014
“High 5” Kelurahan will improve hygiene and sanitation practices at the household and community levels in urban areas with high diarrhea prevalence. The project will contribute to the achievement of the national sanitation campaign (Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat/ STBM) and citywide sanitation strategies (Strategi Sanitasi Kota/SSK) in three cities: Medan, Surabaya and Makassar.
This three-year project will result in the following benefits to Indonesia:
- 12,000 households have access to safe water, hygiene and sanitation facilities;
- Improved hygiene practices and sanitation in 20 villages; and
- Improved hygiene practices and sanitation in 20 schools.
To achieve these results, activities under the following components will be implemented:
- Generate demand for improved water and sanitation facilities in select sites through community mobilization, public-private partnerships, and communications campaigns;
- Increase visibility of urban water and sanitation issues to gain support for STBM through engaging media; and
- Work under the SSK to ameliorate inefficiencies and streamline the cities’ solid waste collection systems.
A better understanding of a county’s political and social processes and entities that determine the extent and nature of investments in sanitation could catalyze a sharp increase in numbers of people with access, especially for the poor, according to a new report released by the World Bank and the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP).
Recent World Bank research shows that the current limited focus on sanitation is driven largely by political motivation in the context of competing demands for resources, and to a lesser extent by technical or economic considerations.
Based on an analysis of experiences in Brazil, India, Indonesia, and Senegal, The Political Economy of Sanitation, proposes an approach to address the political economy of sanitation in a given country in order to more effectively advocate with policy makers to invest more and to better target services for poor people.
Posted in Africa, East Asia & Pacific, Funding, Latin America & Caribbean, Policy, Progress on Sanitation, Publications, South Asia
Tagged accountability, Brazil, case studies, finance, India, Indonesia, Senegal, Water and Sanitation Program, World Bank
Jan 27, 2011 – Changing a mindset is easier said than done.
In Indonesia, public awareness of the importance of hygiene remains low. About 30 percent of the total population of about 240 million, for example, still practice open defecation, according to government figures.
Experts point out that insufficient sanitation management and poor awareness of hygiene practices have led to preventable diseases, and children are among those affected most.
About 18.6 percent of children in Indonesia suffer from malnutrition and diseases such as respiratory infections and diarrhea, according to MercyCorps, a nongovernmental organization working to reduce urban poverty.