Tag Archives: Madagascar

Webinar! The power of creative thinking: working within and around challenging institutional frameworks

Webinar Flyer

Join WSUP and the WASHplus project for this interactive webinar.

Date: Wednesday, July 23, 2014
Time: 10:00-11:00 EDT (New York) / 15.00–16:00 BST (London)

Reserve your place now at: https://www1.gotomeeting.com/register/846901233.

THE URBAN PROGRAMMING GUIDE: How to design and implement a pro-poor urban WASH programme

Improving water, sanitation and hygiene services to low-income urban areas is a highly challenging and complex task. Traditional approaches have often failed to work. We need new approaches and fresh thinking. We need governments, donors and sector professionals genuinely committed to improving services in slum settlements. It’s challenging but it can be done! This guide offers some solutions based around WSUP’s experience: all you have to do is put them into practice!

The guide provides an introduction to urban WASH programming: how to design and implement a pro-poor urban water, sanitation and hygiene programme.

Urban Programming Guide
Who is this guide for?
This guide is primarily designed for WASH professionals working in governments, development agencies, funding agencies or civil society organisations. It will also be useful for professionals working for service providers including water utilities, local authorities and in the private sector.

How to use this guide
The guide provides an overview of some key strategies and service delivery models. It’s not intended to be encyclopaedic: it’s a rapid-reference document with the following intended uses:

  • To aid the planning, design and implementation of urban WASH programmes.
  • To assist with investment planning by service providers.
  • To point the reader towards further sources of information and guidance.

The guide is free to download from WSUP’s website: http://www.wsup.com/resource/the-urban-programming-guide

Video Resource: What’s working in urban water and sanitation?

Water and sanitation services, as we all know, remain grossly deficient in slum districts of cities throughout the less-developed world.

Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) has produced a series of short videos relevant for everybody working to improve water and sanitation services for low-income urban consumers, highlighting ways in which African water utilities and other key actors are achieving real progress in this area.

The first four videos in the series are now available to watch on our YouTube channel and cover the following topics:

Emptying pits: a serious business
Paulinho, a small entrepreneur in Maputo, Mozambique, is moving into the pit emptying business. This video shows him at work.

Fix the leaks, serve the poor
How reducing non-revenue water (NRW) can free up water for low-income communities: experience from Antananarivo, Madagascar.

Surcharging for sanitation
Charging for sanitation through water bills. This video explores Lusaka’s sanitation levy system.

Connecting people
Tariff reform and social marketing as strategies for increasing household connections to the water network: experience from Maputo, Mozambique.

*The next set of videos in this series will follow shortly. Watch this space!

Loowatt – the waterless toilet system

The Loowatt system creates a low-cost and simple solution for waterless sanitation that converts human waste into biogas. We have built and tested a working system in London and see great potential for our toilets to make a difference in the developing world. The key benefits of Loowatt are that it’s easy to use, low-cost, clean and not at all smelly. Along with this, it creates a local supply of biogas.

In July 2011, the Loowatt team spent two weeks in on an intensive study in and around Madagascar’s capital city, Antananarivo, also known as Tana. We’ve outlined some of our observations in a series of photos.

Our objective in Tana was to gather information and explore ways to implement Loowatt systems. We collaborated with Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP), a partnership between NGOs, the private sector, and academia, which engages with local governments and has been working in Tana for several years.  They take a systems-based, market-driven approach to implementing sanitation solutions which was critical in exploring our key topics, including, household costs related to sanitation, energy use, and consumer aspirations. While much of this information is available in existing studies from WSUP, much is new, and all is understood more deeply through first hand investigation and discussions.

We conducted research in the urban center (a.k.a. CUA), the peri-urban area (a.k.a. FIFTAMA), and Ikibo, a rural village 25 miles from the city. In Ikibo, we were hosted by the Madagascar Development Fund, which has transformed the village by providing safe drinking water and creating local enterprise. Everywhere we went, we met with stakeholders in government, NGOs, commercial entities, local academics, enterprises, manufacturers, households, and more.

In Tana there is an urgent need for better sanitation. 75% of city center residents, and 95% of the peri-urban ones rely on dry pit latrines. The entire urban area is without any formal disposal system for fecal sludge. 98% of latrines are emptied by informal service providers or private companies, with no regulation on where fecal sludge is discarded.  We witnessed first hand the dumping of untreated human waste into local watercourses. The city’s current sanitation system remains decentralized.

The Loowatt System fits this situation perfectly, as it provides safe sanitation without the need for central infrastructure, and at the same time delivers valuable biogas and fertilizer. A key task for Loowatt is to understand how value is generated by our system, also taking into account any negative impacts. This will help us to build robust scenarios for the system, which are economically self-sustaining and offer real incentives for adoption.

Low-Cost Options for Sludge Management in Madagascar

Low-Cost Options for Sludge Management in Madagascar, 2011.

WASHplus partner, Practica Foundation, conducted a feasibility study of various technological options for hygienic sludge removal at two public-private toilet/shower sites in Madagascar. Both are currently emptied by informal sector workers under cover of dark, who face serious health hazards and engage in questionable disposal practices, with sludge dumped into waterways or buried nearby in shallow pits.

The assessment combines technical analysis and sociological observation and reporting, giving a vivid picture of the current state of sludge removal and potential for improvements and the impact on the environment and public health. It proposes innovative low-cost options for fecal management methods in three areas: sludge removal/transfer, transportation, and disposal/treatment.

Madagascar: first national Global Sanitation Fund programme launched

The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) launched its first national Global Sanitation Fund programme on 22 March 2010, World Water Day, in Madagascar. Approximately US$ 5 million will be disbursed over the next five years to sub-grantees – community groups, non-governmental organisations, etc. – to implement projects and programmes that raise awareness and create demand locally for sanitation. The Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) will not be used directly or indirectly to fund or subsidise toilet construction schemes.

The WSSCC has recently appointed the international non-governmental organisation Medical Care Development International (MCDI) as the “executing agency” for the GSF in Madagascar.

Scope of work in Madagascar: hygiene education, demand creation and awareness-raising

In Madagascar, the GSF supports work programmes that concentrate on hygiene education, awareness raising and demand creation. In doing so, it aims to:

  • Increase significantly the number of families, particularly the poorest, who have sustainable access to basic sanitation and adopt good hygiene practices,
  • Engage institutional and private actors for the long term in promoting basic sanitation that is sustainable, affordable and culturally appropriate, and
  • Spread proven and innovative approaches to sanitation and hygiene at a large scale.

The WSSCC established the GSF to boost expenditure on sanitation and hygiene in developing countries. On average, nationally run programmes will each receive US$ 1 million per year from the fund. The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) hosts WSSCC, and the GSF is formally a United Nations Trust Fund. The Governments of Australia, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom have contributed to the GSF.

Madagascar is the first of seven countries selected for the first round of funding in 2010; the others are Burkina Faso, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Senegal and Uganda.

Read more about the GSF programme in Madagascar.

Source: WSSCC, 22 Mar 2010

USAID Hygiene Improvement Project – French language materials on sanitation and handwashing

Below are links to 2009 “Negotiation Tools” prepared by HIP for work in Madagascar:

Elimination des excrements: outil de negociation, 2009. (pdf, 416KB)

Laver les mains aux moments critiques: outil de negociation, 2009. (pdf, 991KB)

Properte de l’eau de boisson au foyer: outil de negociation, 2009. (pdf, 350KB)