A bike-powered poop pump is redefining low-cost sanitation, April 2011, by Robert Goodier, Engineering for Change.
Meet the next generation of bicycle-powered devices for developing countries: a pit latrine pump. It’s the offspring of locally available parts—a bucket, a hose, a bicycle—and a modified bike-powered corn sheller, which is itself a field-tested time saver. The pump is still in testing, But so far, it seems to represent the kind of inventiveness and repurposing of parts needed to achieve extreme affordability. The brains behind it are a team of MIT engineers and business students who formed Sanergy, an organization working to redefine low-cost sanitation.
Does ‘improved’ sanitation make children healthier? Household pit latrines and child health in rural Ethiopia, February 2009. (pdf, 352KB)
Lita Cameron. Young Lives, Department of International Development, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TB, UK
In response to pressure to reach the Millennium Development Goal of improved sanitation access, the E thiopian government has developed an ambitious plan to achieve 100 per cent access to pit latrines by 2012. The plans to achieve this target rely upon the assumption that universal access to pit latrines will lead to improved health outcomes. Using the Young Lives pro-poor longitudinal data of Ethiopian children, this research uses propensity score matching to test this assumption.
Children who experienced a change from no toilet to a household pit latrine between rounds of data collection were compared to those who continue to use a forest/field. The findings show that there is no significant difference between groups in terms of health outcomes and that a pit latrine does not necessarily signal improved methods of waste disposal.
Individual and group interviews conducted by Young Lives suggest that poor infrastructure and care for pit latrines deter children from using such facilities and promote a preference for the use of other methods of waste disposal. Policy makers should note that simply increasing access to pit latrines will not necessarily promote better health outcomes, especially when ‘improved’ sanitation appears to be less clean than other available options.
Police in Eastern Uganda are holding a 38-year-old farmer in connection with the murder of his cousin following a dispute about the construction of a pit latrine.
Rogers Wepukhulu of Wabagayi village, Sibanga sub-county, allegedly hit Moses Wabuyi, a primary school teacher in Kayunga district, with a metal bar after a disagreement.
Wabuyi reportedly wanted to construct a pit-latrine at his home.
However, Wepukhulu refused the Fuso lorry truck delivering the bricks for the construction to pass through his garden.
Wabuyi forced his way through the garden and proceeded to report the matter to Sibanga Police Post.
When Wepukhulu learnt that Wabuyi had reported the matter to the Police, he hit him with a metal bar, killing him instantly.
Wabuyi’s relatives attacked Wepukhulu’s home and threatened to burn down his houses and kill his animals.
The Police are guarding the home to prevent any attack.
Eastern region Police spokesman Iddi Ssenkumbi said the suspects will be charged with murder.
Source: Moses Bikala, New Vision / allAfrica.com, 30 Dec 2009
Leader of the community Abakr Abdallah, inspecting the newly constructed toilets. Photo: UNMIS
The lives of some 120 people affected by leprosy and other disease living in Mayo area in the outskirts of Khartoum are improved by the construction of 10 pit latrines that aim to provide much needed health and hygiene access. [On 16 June 2009] the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) and partners from the Leprosy Mission of Sudan and the State Ministry of Health inaugurated the sanitation project, the first one of its kind, since the affected population moved first to the area.
The new latrines of $23,000 cost, were funded by UNMIS through its Civil Military Cooperation (CIMIC) unit, and were constructed in little over a month’s time. “Over the years things have substantially improved for those living in the area. Homes were built, a water pump was put in and now with the help of UNMIS, 10 toilets have been added to the improvements”, UNMIS Military Chief of Staff, Col. Oivind Christensen said during the opening ceremony.
Source: UNMIS, 16 Jun 2009
The pit-latrine coverage in Kamuli district has increased from 46% to 76% in the past two years, the district health department [Alex Mulindwa] said [...] Mulindwa said they launched a campaign to encourage people to construct pit-latrines in 2006.
He added that they used radios and patrols to mobilise the residents. The campaign was funded by the water department. Mulindwa said at the beginning of the campaign, some villages had no pit-latrines and residents would relieve themselves in the bushes.
“Bulungu village in Namwendwa sub-county had no pit-latrine and the residents had turned anthills into latrines,” Mulindwa noted. The district health educator, David Mbadhwe, said the district council passed a resolution under which a punishment of six months jail term was imposed on those who did not have pit-latrines. Mulindwa said they targeted having pit-latrine coverage of 90% by 2010.
Source: Tom Gwebayanga, New Vision / allAfrica.com, 18 May 2009