Tag Archives: Senegal

Oxfam – Proposals to design, develop sanitation system for flood areas

Oxfam America – International call for Proposals to design and develop an innovative sanitation technology system for flood and flood-prone areas by firms or companies.

Background – Oxfam America is an international NGO, and member of the Oxfam International confederation which operates in more than 90 countries throughout the world working on both development and humanitarian projects. It is one of the leading humanitarian organizations in the field of water, sanitation and public health.

OXFAM America has recently received a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation as part of the project entitled “Improving sanitation conditions for the most vulnerable households in the flooded and flood-prone areas of Pikine and Guediawaye, Dakar, Senegal“.

The call for tenders is initiated on December 16th ,2013 for a 45 day term. Therefore, the deadline for submitting proposals is January 30th , 2014 at 12.00.

Behavioral Determinants of Handwashing with Soap in Senegal and Peru: Emergent Learning

A new Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) Learning Note found that beliefs and ease of access to soap and water were correlated with handwashing with soap behaviors for given proxy measures among mothers and caretakers in Peru and Senegal.

“Behavioral Determinants of Handwashing with Soap Among Mothers and Caretakers: Emergent Learning from Senegal and Peru,” is based on survey data from nearly 3,500 households in Peru and 1,500 households in Senegal. This data was analyzed using FOAM, a conceptual framework developed by WSP to help identify factors that might facilitate or impeded handwashing with soap practices at critical times.

The analysis revealed that the impact of different determinants varies depending on the chosen proxy measure, such as the presence of a handwashing station or its distance from kitchen or latrine facilities. Given this variability, the Learning Note found that program managers must clearly define the exact behavior they seek to improve before choosing which determinant to focus on in their formative research.

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Developing a Decentralized Performance Monitoring System

Large-scale projects that engage multiple government and non-government agencies entail specific considerations when designing and implementing a management information system (MIS) to support performance monitoring. Training and independent evaluation are key.

These and other insights are summarized in a new Learning Note from the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), Developing a Decentralized Performance Monitoring System in Senegal, by Seydou Koita, based on an MIS system developed to support the Global Scaling Up Handwashing Project in Sengal.

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WSP – Financing Household On-Site Sanitation for the Poor

Financing Household On-Site Sanitation for the Poor, 2011. Water and Sanitation Program

Link to full-text

Key Lessons

Public funding can trigger significantly increased access to household sanitation. Public investments of varying forms enabled an absolute increase in the fraction of the target population gaining access to sanitation, which varied between 20 and 70 percent. Each of the programs enabled significant numbers of people to improve their sanitation—from the largest (more than 21 million gained access in Maharashtra) to the smallest (more than 140,000 in Ecuador). Although sanitation projects have earned a reputation as difficult and often ineffective, there is compelling evidence that government investment can yield results.

The different financing strategies adopted had a profound influence on equity, scale, sustainability, levels of service, and costs. No project represented a “silver bullet” approach that can be replicated globally: different models will be more appropriate based on specific project objectives. One indicator of the effectiveness of public finance use is the number of households gaining basic access per US$1,000 of public funding. Like most indicators, this ration cannot tell the whole story by itself because both the levels of service offered and the costs varied between projects. Nevertheless, it is revealing that in rural Bangladesh, US$1,000 of public investments resulted in improved sanitation for 135 households, while in Senegal the same public funding only served 1.6 households with improved sanitation.

New WSP/World Bank report shows catalytic potential of factoring political economy into sanitation investments

A better understanding of a county’s political and social processes and entities that determine the extent and nature of investments in sanitation could catalyze a sharp increase in numbers of people with access, especially for the poor, according to a new report released by the World Bank and the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP).

Recent World Bank research shows that the current limited focus on sanitation is driven largely by political motivation in the context of competing demands for resources, and to a lesser extent by technical or economic considerations.

Based on an analysis of experiences in Brazil, India, Indonesia, and Senegal, The Political Economy of Sanitation, proposes an approach to address the political economy of sanitation in a given country in order to more effectively advocate with policy makers to invest more and to better target services for poor people.

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Jay Graham/USAID – Senegal Environmental Health Photos October 2010

October 2010 – 68 photos of environmental health in Senegal.  If you have comments or questions, contact Jay Graham.

Jay Graham and the Chef de village, M. Diouf

Senegal: WSSCC commits US$ 5 million to sanitation and hygiene work through the Global Sanitation Fund

At a ceremony under the chairmanship of the Honourable Adama Sall, Senegal’s Minister of Urbanisation and Sanitation, on 30 June 2010, the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) committed to spend US$ 5 million in Senegal over the next five years through its Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) programme. Together with a similar amount prescribed for Madagascar in March, a total of US$ 10 million has been committed by WSSCC in 2010 through the world’s first multi-donor fund aimed at helping more people attain safe sanitation and practice good hygiene.

Executing Agency: AGETIP

The new Executing Agency responsible for in-country implementation in Senegal is AGETIP (www.agetip.sn), a national not-for-profit development agency. Over the last two years, a multi-stakeholder development and consultative process took place that culminated in the programme launch on Wednesday 30 June in Dakar. AGETIP, together with WSSCC and national partners (including soon-to-be-funded sub-grantees), have thus committed to improving health, environment and welfare levels through better demand-led sanitation and hygiene programming in Senegal.

Scope of work in Senegal: hygiene education, demand creation and awareness raising

The Global Sanitation Fund will work together with Senegal’s Ministry for Sanitation and Public Hygiene to reach the following objectives:

  • Use of participatory techniques such as Community-Led Total Sanitation to end open defection and create demand for toilets;
  • Improve sanitation services for communities that have received little or no national or international sanitation support;
  • Raise awareness of good hygiene practices;
  • Reduce diarrheal disease; and
  • Increase schooling for girls

Global Sanitation Fund programme

The Senegal launch is the latest in the overall procurement and implementation programme being prepared by WSSCC and its Global Sanitation Fund programme in collaboration with partners in the initial GSF countries. In addition to Madagascar and Senegal, these countries include Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Ethiopia, India, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria Pakistan, Tanzania, Togo and Uganda.

The Governments of Australia, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom are contributors to the Global Sanitation Fund.

To learn more, read the press releases: