Inadequate sanitation costs India US$ 53.8 billion, which is equivalent to 6.4 percent of India’s GDP in 2006, according to a new report  from the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP).
The study analyzed the evidence on the adverse economic impacts of inadequate sanitation, which include costs associated with death and disease, accessing and treating water, and losses in education, productivity, time, and tourism. The findings are based on 2006 figures, although a similar magnitude of losses is likely in later years.
The report indicates that premature mortality and other health-related impacts of inadequate sanitation, were the most costly at US$ 38.5 billion, 71.6 percent of total impacts, followed by productive time lost to access sanitation facilities or sites for defecation at US$ 10.7 billion, 20 percent, and drinking water-related impacts at US$ 4.2 billion, 7.8 percent.
“The cost is more than I expected,” UNICEF’s water, sanitation and hygiene chief Clarissa Brocklehurst said in an interview with news site Bloomberg. “Yet, if you know the scale of open defecation in India, it’s not all that surprising.”
Posted in Economic Benefits, Hygiene Promotion, Publications, Research, Sanitation and Health, South Asia
Tagged changing behaviour, child health, diarrhoeal diseases, economic impacts, finance, health impacts, India, tourism, Water and Sanitation Program
Expert reports indicate that countries worldwide are failing to invest in sanitation, a sector that yields $9 worth of benefits for every $1 spent. 2008 is the UN’s international year of sanitation, did you know that? Well here are some statistics!
Meeting the global sanitation goal which is to halve the number of people without access to a toilet by 2015 would cost a whopping $39 billion, but yield $347 billion worth of benefits.
n 2006, tourism generated approximately US$ 6,477 billion of economic activity, accounting for 10.3% of global Gross Domestic Product and 234 million jobs worldwide (8.7 % of total employment).
This high revenue is closely linked to good sanitation levels. Health, safety and comfort standards as well as aesthetic considerations heavily influence the choice of a holiday destination. This is according to information from the Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), Switzerland.
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