- SuSanA News Mail March 2013 online March 19, 2013Dear SuSanA members and partners, This monthly e-mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. This e-mail is sent to 3593 subscribers and contains the following topics: 1. Status quo analysis of SuSanA 2008 to 2012 summary now available online 2. Add your voice to the next 5 years of SuSanA 3. The 4C networking campaign 4. Vide […]
- SuSanA News Mail January 2013 online January 31, 2013This monthly e-mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. This e-mail is sent to 3681 subscribers and contains the following topics: 1. SuSanA's sixth Anniversary 2. Bill Melinda Gates Foundation grants now open for discussion on SuSanA forum. Join in! 3. The world we want! The post-2015 WASH sub-consultation 4. Make pos […]
- SuSanA News Mail November 2012 online November 22, 2012The monthly news mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. For more frequent news updates please visit our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/susana.org (http://www.facebook.com/susana.org) or check the SuSanA discussion forum http://www.forum.susana.org (http://www.forum.susana.org). This monthly e-mail informs you about […]
- FSM2 conference in October 2012 in Durban, South Africa November 16, 2012Read more... (http://www.susana.org/lang-en/conference-and-training-materials/materials-of-conferences/2012-conferences/243-2012-conferences/781-fsm2)
- SuSanA News Mail September 2012 online September 16, 2012The monthly news mail informs you about the latest news from SuSanA and the SuSanA partners. For more frequent news updates please visit our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/susana.org (http://www.facebook.com/susana.org) or check the SuSanA discussion forum http://www.forum.susana.org (http://www.forum.susana.org). This news mail is sent to 3120 subscr […]
- SuSanA News Mail March 2013 online March 19, 2013
- Good question! January 30, 2013The cover of the 10 January issue of The Economist:
- World Toilet Day November 19, 2012Today is World Toilet Day – see here and also ThePublicToilet.com. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, in association with Domestos, has released this report which is well worth reading: Toilets for Health.
- No toilet, no bride! November 16, 2012In the UK Daily Mail of 23 October: No toilet? Then no bride − the Indian government's bizarre new campaign to increase indoor lavatories. Well, that’s one way of promoting sanitation!
- Top three toilets? October 31, 2012From the Gates Foundation website (dated 14 August): ‘Bill Gates Names Winners of the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge’:California Institute of Technology in the United States received the $100,000 first prize for designing a solar-powered toilet that generates hydrogen and electricity. Loughborough University in the United Kingdom won the $60,000 second place […]
- Agroforestry and arborloos August 8, 2012In a letter to The Economist (28 July 2012) Tony Simons, Director General of the World Agroforestry Centre in Nairobi, writes that, to reduce hunger and promote food security in the Sahel, agroforestry is the way forward. As he notes, “Trees provide not only ecological resilience but also cash income, energy, environmental services, fodder for animals and nu […]
- Erdos: “World's biggest eco-toilet scheme fails” July 31, 2012“The dry toilets in Inner Mongolia's Daxing eco-community have been quietly replaced after three years of bad smells, health problems and maggots.” Oops! See the full entry in the Guardian Environment Network (30 July 2012).
- Fossas alternas July 30, 2012IRC has on its website a good photo-sequence on how to build a fossa alterna: “This photo story shows you how to construct a fossa alterna, how to empty it and how to process the compost. After 12−18 months of composting it is safe to empty a fossa alterna toilet and use the compost as fertilizer for your garden soil”. Fossas alternas? Read Peter Morgan’s To […]
- Rural sanitation July 27, 2012What Does It Take to Scale Up Rural Sanitation? by Eduardo Perez and published earlier this month by the Water and Sanitation Program is an important document because, as the report’s webpage says, “Today, 2.5 billion people live without access to improved sanitation. … Of those without access to sanitation, 75 percent live in rural areas [emphasis added].” […]
- The 2011 Pumphandle Lecture July 26, 2012Have a look at the John Snow Society’s 2011 Pumphandle Lecture Epidemiology for the Bottom Billion – where there’s not even a pump handle to remove! by Hans Rosling who’s a professor at the Karolinska Institute and also chairman of the Gapminder Foundation. An excellent lecture. Check out the Gapminder videos − you’ll find some pretty stunning ones!Who’s Joh […]
- Global WatSan costs July 26, 2012WHO published in May this year Global costs and benefits of drinking-water supply and sanitation interventions to reach the MDG target and universal coverage by Dr Guy Hutton. Here’s the Overview from the WHO webpage for the report:This report updates previous economic analyses conducted by the World Health Organization, using new WSS coverage rates, costs o […]
- Good question! January 30, 2013
- Re: Energy recovery & waste treatment with floating biodigesters (Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia - LLEE) - by: robhughes May 24, 2013Thanks Julius and Gökce, Yes external damage is a key issue with the plastic-style digesters, so we have been trying different materials such as more durable fibre-reinforced plastic, as well as protection options (eg against UV damage). We're also currently using modified HDPE water tanks. Julius I'm not sure rotation around the axis would help mi […]
- Re: Diversion for Safe Sanitation - Grant on Advanced Toilet with On-Site Water Recovery (Eawag and EOOS, Switzerland and Austria) - by: larsen May 24, 2013It was nice that you could visit our first field tests in Uganda! I agree that Gravity Driven Membrane (GDM) filtration is an excellent technology for drinking water production. I very much hope that this technology will soon come to maturity and become wide-spread - my colleagues are working hard on this. What we try to do with the blue diversion technology […]
- Re: Diversion for Safe Sanitation - Grant on Advanced Toilet with On-Site Water Recovery (Eawag and EOOS, Switzerland and Austria) - by: JKMakowka May 24, 2013gitum wrote: Before reading the comments and watching the videos, the first question came to my mind was how you were dealing with the fouling problem of ultrafiltration membrane. I assume it is a dead end filtration and hence it would be fouled in a short time. It really impressed me to hear that your system has minimum 10 years life time. I have by now see […]
- legislation on the feces used as fertilizer in different countries - by: biscarlos May 23, 2013Hello I am researching on existing legislation in different countries regarding the use of feces as fertilizer to improve crops. If you can share with cases that they know would be very grateful. Greetings!
- Re: Diversion for Safe Sanitation - Grant on Advanced Toilet with On-Site Water Recovery (Eawag and EOOS, Switzerland and Austria) - by: gitum May 23, 2013Dear Tove, thank you very much for the further information. I am looking forward to follow the upcoming news from March 2014. Best Regards, Gökce
- Re: Energy recovery & waste treatment with floating biodigesters (Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia - LLEE) - by: gitum May 23, 2013Dear Rob, I would like to ask you couple of questions regarding your innovative work. How much gas is produced daily and for which purpose do Tonle Sap Lake communities prefer to benefit from the produced gas (for cooking or electricity production)? What is the average temperature of the water? Do you achieve mesophilic or psychrophilic conditions and how is […]
- Re: Toilet System for Waste Separation and Dewaterization (TU Delft, The Netherlands) - by: jansengerwin May 23, 2013The experimental set-up of the plasma gasifier at the TU Delft was shown on German television and dubbed as the 'the toilet of the future'. www.wdr.de/tv/quarks/sendungsbeitraege/2...ette_der_zukunft.jsp
- Re: IWA Urban Sanitation Initiative - Demonstration cities - by: tmsinnovation May 23, 2013Hi All Let us get some SuSanA working group 6 members to contribute to this thread and further refine this idea. As we need to share good examples of cities that are being innovative and progressive in solving their respective sanitation challenges. While bearing in mind that the examples are more than likely of cities that we see to be on the right track an […]
- Peter Morgan wins 2013 World Water Prize - by: arno May 23, 2013GREAT NEWS FOR INNOVATIVE SANITATION AND WASH. Peter Morgan chosen as 2013 World Water Prize laureate.www.siwi.org/prizes/stockholmwaterprize/laureates/2013-2/
- Re: Festival toilets - by: Florent May 23, 2013Dear Members, I was reading all post about this new topic “Festival toilets” and I would like to present French situation about mobile dry toilets in festival or yard situation. In fact, 2 years ago TDM began a brainstorming discussion about mobile dry toilets situation. TDM as a RAE’s member (mentioned by Florian, just to resume that this network is based o […]
- Re: Energy recovery & waste treatment with floating biodigesters (Tonle Sap Lake, Cambodia - LLEE) - by: robhughes May 24, 2013
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Tag Archives: Uganda
The installation of more boreholes means many Katine residents once forced to drink from local swamps now have access to clean water. But a year-long strike by health volunteers has delayed progress on sanitation, says Sarah Boseley.
It’s been raining in Katine. The genteel English expression doesn’t do it justice. One moment the sun is out, the next instant the sky darkens and whole bathfuls of water tip from the skies. People flatten themselves against the mud walls of houses if they can. Those who can’t, walking slowly with heavy loads on their heads or cycling with wife and children on the pannier, are drenched in an instant. And it keeps raining. The swamps overflow.
Three years ago, I watched women with yellow jerrycans on their heads wade through the swamp, their skirts gathered up in one hand as best they could. They were on their way to a place where the swamp bubbles. There is a spring beneath. Their pitiful hope was that the water there would be cleaner. In the dry season, they would frequent an old shallow well beside the swamp. In the rains, it disappears, overrun by the high water and full of mud.
Edith Apiango, 23, and her grandmother, Erima Anayo, who says she is around 70, recall how it was. “When it rained, we crossed the swamp. The water came up to here,” says Apiango, drawing a line with her hand just below her hips. “The water there was flowing a bit. We walked 4km. I had a 20-litre jerrycan. I had to rest on the way back. I was very tired because I had to make two journeys.”
President Yoweri Museveni has described the practice of overcharging by operators of public toilet and markets as “parasitism”.
“Instead of developing common facilities in markets, business people make huge money out of people defecating. For somebody to use a toilet in Nakawa market, he must pay sh200 [9 US dollar cents]. This is not acceptable,” he stressed.
Museveni was speaking at the opening of the second national conference of his National Resistance Movement (NRM) party on 11 September 2010.
Running public toilets in towns has become a gold mine, especially in Kampala.
Kampala City Council estimates that there are over 2,550 users of public toilets per day.
According to a recent Saturday Vision survey, public toilet operators in Nakasero market and the Old Taxi Park, for instance, charge sh500 [22 US dollar cents] for bathing, sh200 [9 US dollar cents] ablution, sh300 [14 US dollar cents] long calls and sh200 [9 US dollar cents] for short calls.
The survey revealed that an operator can make at least sh12,000 per hour just from one item.
Related news: Ghana: toilet wars, WASH news Africa, 12 Feb 2009
Source: New Vision, 14 Sep 2010
Sanitation Marketing for Managers: Guidance for Tools and Program Development. July 2010.
Developed through HIP’s program in Uganda, this manual provides guidance and tools for designing a sanitation marketing program. It guides professionals in the fields of sanitation and marketing to 1) comprehensively assess the current market for sanitation products and services and (2) use the results of this assessment to design a multi-pronged sanitation marketing strategy.
Katine ‘ideal home’ winner sets standards in national hygiene drive
In a campaign to promote household and personal hygiene in Uganda, a Katine family has won an “ideal homestead” competition. How did they do it?
Almost everything about Charles Adengu’s home tempts you to look again. None more so than the five large, terrace-thatched huts with smooth walls painted with motorcycles, footballs, cattle or juicy-looking pineapples. A sixth, smaller hut, just outside the main compound, looks like a teenager’s fancy dwelling until you are told that it is actually the pit latrine, with a yellow jerry-can for hand-washing suspended from a stick in the ground nearby.
Riding in on a sunny Thursday afternoon, I am struck by the cool, fresh air thanks to numerous trees that cast swaying shadows on the brown earth of an impeccably clean, well-swept compound in Katine, north eastern Uganda. I had not heard of Adengu until I was given his name a few hours earlier by the African Medical Research Foundation (Amref), which with the Guardian is supporting the Katine community development project. Adengu, with his family, is the proud winner of an “ideal home” competition in Katine, and sitting on the brick-bordered veranda of one of the huts, with its smooth, cow dung-plastered floor, I can see why.
“I was happy that my home was selected as the cleanest because I have always tried to have a spacious, clean homestead; even [our] previous homestead was nearly as good as this one,” Adengu tells me later under bright moonlight, after he has returned from grazing cattle.
Besides the cleanliness of the homestead, which is surrounded by hedges, Adengu says the water and sanitation inspectors from both Katine and Soroti district were impressed because they found “everything” that a home should have – pit latrine, bath shelter, rubbish pit, granary, chicken house, rack for utensils, etc.
Issue 4 of Sustainable Sanitation Practice (SSP), published by the EcoSan Club, Austria, is s special issue that presents the highlights and main findings of the EU-funded ROSA (Resource-Oriented Sanitation concepts for peri-urban areas in Africa) project.
Read the full issue
The ROSA project was implemented in four pilot cities: Arba Minch in Ethiopia, Nakuru in Kenya, Arusha in Tanzania, and Kitgum in Uganda.
The 7 papers included in this special issue show specific aspects of the as well as an outlook on future activities. Topics covered include scaling-up ecosan toilets in Ethiopia, urine-diversion dry toilets in schools in Kenya, urban agriculture in Tanzania, operation and maintenance, and the development of Strategic Sanitation and Waste Plans (SSWPs).
A 13-year-old Primary Six pupil was rewarded with sh20,000 [US$ 9] during celebrations of the Day of the African Child in Kamuli district after she told the audience that members of her family defecate in the bush.
It all started when the deputy chief administrative officer, Cornelius Kalema, said: “Most of our people have latrines. Tell me anyone here without a latrine and you will get a sh20,000 prize.”
Proscovia Bagaaga of Nawansaso Primary School in Kamuli announced her father’s name and their village and said since their latrine filled up last year, he had refused to construct another one.
Kalema praised the girl and urged her to tell her father to build a new pit-latrine or risk arrest.
Source: Tom Gwebayanga , New Vision, 20 Jun 2010
KYAKA II, 9 March 2010 (IRIN) – A project using papyrus and waste paper to make sanitary pads has changed the life of Evelyne Banyamisa, who fled rebel violence in Bunia, north-eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in 2003 when she was only 13. After leaving the DRC, Bamanyisa ended up in south-western Uganda where she has been living as a refugee. She was separated from her parents as they fled Bunia, and Banyamisa, her elder brother, a younger sister and a niece, arrived in the Kyaka II refugee camp where they lived together as a family until 2008 when her brother disappeared.
“I don’t know where he went; I have reported his disappearance but I have not so far heard anything; right now I am taking care of my sister, my niece and an orphan who I decided to take in as she did not have anyone to help her,” Banyamisa, now aged 20, told IRIN on 7 March. With the help of the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), Banyamisa managed to continue with her schooling while in Uganda, dropping out in the third year of secondary school. “I was idle for about two years with nothing to do here in Kyaka,” she said. “Fortunately, I got employed in June 2009 by Makapad where I am now the quality controller,” Banyamisa said. “I get a monthly salary of 80,000 shillings [US$40] which I use to sustain my family; where would I have gotten such money without Makapads?”
Set up in 2008 by a Makerere University professor, UNHCR and its implementing partner GTZ, the Makapads project has not only transformed the livelihoods of its employees, it has also made available sanitary pads for tens of thousands of refugees – most of them Congolese – living in settlements in south-western Uganda. Moses Kizza Musaazi, a senior lecturer at Makerere University, initiated the project to help disadvantaged girls access affordable sanitary pads.
The project later received support from UNHCR and GTZ, leading to the establishment of two sites in Kyaka II refugee settlement where the pads are produced, purchased by UNHCR and distributed among refugees. The Makapads are also produced in the capital, Kampala, at the faculty of technology at Makerere University. The UN refugee agency, UNHCR, buys the pads for distribution among female refugees living in settlements in southwestern Uganda. They are also available for sale at local outlets Inside the 209 sqkm Kyaka II refugee settlement, the Makapads project is run on two sites, employing dozens of refugees, mostly women. The site where Banyamisa is employed has 29 workers, 24 of whom are women. “The project has also attracted the interest of nationals living close to the refugee settlement. They want to be involved as they realize it is beneficial but right now we only have refugees working here,” Ibrahim Rumanyika, the project manager for the Makapads project in Kyaka II said. Rumanyika is a Congolese refugee who arrived in Uganda six years ago.
Production process – The production process begins with the collection and delivery of papyrus reeds, Rumanyika said. “Once we have the papyrus, it is peeled, cut up into small pieces and ground into a powdery form,” he said. “Then we sieve it to remove the coarse particles. This is then taken to another container filled with water, where it is mixed with waste paper pulp; we get the paper from UNHCR in Kampala. “From there, we place the mixture on drying racks; it takes a few hours to dry when the weather is OK, on rainy days we hardly dry anything,” Rumanyika said. “Thereafter we take the dried sheet into the production room where it is softened and smoothed, and cut into pad-sizes; then combined with a paper-only dried pulp [which is softer], packed in soft outer material, sealed and sterilized.” With just two buildings and 50 drying racks lined up outside, the project runs on solar-powered electricity. “Even sterilization becomes a problem because we depend on solar power to do it; sometimes we do not produce as much as the day’s capacity because of this,” he added.
On average, the site makes at least 3,000 packages a day – each with 10 sanitary pads. “UNHCR buys the pads from us for distribution among the refugees here in Kyaka and Nakivale settlements but we also make pads for sale in local retail outlets,” Rumanyika said. The crushed pulp from papyrus reeds is mixed with waste paper before being sun-dried on racks outside the Makapads plant at Kyaka II refugee settlement Most of the equipment used is locally produced, Rumanyika said, with only the adhesive tape and soft outer cover imported.
He said a Makapad package retails at 1,000 Uganda shillings [US$0.50) whereas the prices for the other varieties on the market start at 2,000 shillings [$1]. Banyamisa said her life and that of other refugees using the pads has changed for the better. “Previously, many of us used cloth or toilet paper; the problem with the cloth was that one may not have soap with which to wash it, sometimes water is hard to come by, so you could end up with a bad smell as a result,” she said. “Since the Makapads were introduced, the days of periods being depressing are gone; the only problem right now is the pads are too thin for those with heavy flows. I think we should make some pads specifically for such women.”
Expansion plans According to UNHCR, the Kyaka II Makapads project has the potential to become self-sustaining. At the moment, the agency supplies it with the waste paper which is mixed with the papyrus to make the pads. Needa Jehu-Hoyah, associate external relations officer for UNHCR Uganda, said: “The Makapads project is one of the most beautiful examples of refugees coming together to respond to the needs of women and children in a manner that sustains their dignity. We recently reached the 50 percent mark in the procurement of Makapads for female refugees of reproductive age in the refugee settlements.” Maria Mangeni, UNHCR’s Makapads expert, said due to increased interest in the project, UNHCR was considering plans to replicate the project in other refugee settlements in the country.
Source – IRIN News
The African Medical and Research Foundation explains why it has decided to extend its development work in Katine for an extra year.
In July 2009, Amref invited a consultant to hold a mid-term review of the Katine project to assess whether the project was on track to meet its objectives. Although largely on track, the consultant’s key recommendation after consulting with our partners (community members and government officials) was to extend project implementation for one more year and increase the financial resources available for the project. The recommendation for an extension is not unique to Amref. Many NGOs and donors are familiar with requests for costed and/or non-costed extensions to projects.
The question that follows is why does development take so long? By looking back at our experience in Katine and in other projects we’re implementing around Africa, we hope to shed some light on the complexity and realities of doing development in settings like Katine.