The WASHTech project has published a literature review focusing on 14 technologies used in Africa in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector.
The following sanitation and hygiene technologies are included in the review:
- Bio-additives to pit latrines
- VIP latrines
- Urine diversion dry toilets
- Tippy tap
For each technology there is a description of the range of literature available on it, a concise description of the technology itself, a description of its application, a selection of interesting case studies, and an explanation as to whether the technology meets technical, financial, social and institutional success criteria.
Posted in Africa, Hygiene Promotion, Publications, Sanitary Facilities, Technology, Wastewater Management
Tagged bio-additives to pit latrines, changing behaviour, Cranfield University, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, literature reviews, The Gulper, Tippy Tap, urine diversion dry toilets, VIP latrines, WASHTech
The construction of 146 ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines in Opuwo, northern Namibia, which began in September 2007 is nearly complete. This is part of an initiative of the Ministry of Health and Social Services (MOHSS) to stem the spread of cholera. Opuwo made headlines in 2006 after more than 400 suspected cholera cases were reported at the state hospital. Apart from the VIP latrines, the project also involved community mobilization and health education, clean-up campaigns and the construction of a public toilet at the Epupa informal market.
The costs of building the VIP toilets (N$335 150) were shared equally between the ministry and other stakeholders, who did the groundwork and provided the super structure, and the community, who had to complete the walls with materials of their own choice. Even though the community had only constructed walls for 63 out of 146 VIP toilets so far, some residents were already using the incomplete toilets especially at night. Some residents complained that the VIP toilets were too small.
Read more: Michael Liswaniso, New Era (Windhoek) / allAfrica.com, 13 May 2008