Issue 91 | March 8, 2013 | Focus on Gender Issues
March 8, 2013, is International Women’s Day, a day that has been observed since the early 1900s. Gender is an important issue in water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). In most societies women have the primary responsibility for managing the household water supply, sanitation, and health.
Water is necessary not only for drinking, but also for food production and preparation, care of domestic animals, personal hygiene, care of the sick, cleaning, washing, and waste disposal. A UN policy paper explains that because of their dependence on water, women have accumulated considerable knowledge about water resources, including location, quality, and storage methods. Despite this, women’s central role in water management is often overlooked.
From Katie Carroll of the Global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing
Many of you are aware that the current Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) will be ending in 2015. Over the past two years, the United Nations and its partners have started a process to develop a post-2015 development plan. The Global Public-Private Partnership for Handwashing (PPPHW) encourages you to take a few simple steps in January and February to advocate for handwashing and hygiene, along with broader WASH (water, sanitation, and hygiene) goals to be included in this post-2015 plan.
What You Can Do Today
The UN has set up a process called The World We Want ( to allow people all over the world to contribute their input into the post-2015 development plan. The consultative process includes the creation of a High Level Panel, over 50 national and thematic consultations, community-based discussions and a Global Online Conversation, all of which will contribute to a vision for The World We Want beyond 2015. The UN has organized the online consultations into 11 thematic areas:
- Growth and Employment
- Conflict and Fragility
- Food Security and Nutrition, Energy
- Water – http://www.worldwewant2015.org/water
- Environmental Sustainability
- Population Dynamics
WSSCC has an exciting senior-level (P4) monitoring and evaluation (M&E) position based in Geneva, Switzerland. The application deadline is 30 December 2012. The purpose of the post is to coordinate the effective monitoring and evaluation of WSSCC’s work in line with its Medium Term Strategic Plan (MTSP)for the period 2012-2016. The incumbent is expected to establish a conceptual framework for the monitoring & evaluation practice, provide leadership to strengthen WSSCC’s capacity, and to develop systems and engagement strategies to enable WSSCC to:
- Effectively monitor and evaluate progress against its MTSP for the period 2012-2016, and regularly derive evidence-based data and information feeding into organizational and wider sector knowledge and learning.
- Identify and collaborate on evaluation research initiatives of relevance to the sector as a whole.
- Represent WSSCC in inter-agency meetings and high-level forums on monitoring and evaluation.
- Develop partnerships and facilitate inter-institutional relations with key research institutions specializing in water, sanitation and hygiene.
WSSCC’s mission is to ensure sustainable sanitation, better hygiene and safe drinking water for all people. Good sanitation and hygiene lead to economic and social development, yielding health, productivity, educational and environmental benefits. WSSCC manages the Global Sanitation Fund, facilitates coordination at national, regional and global levels, supports professional development, and advocates on behalf of the 2.5 billion people without a clean, safe toilet to use. WSSCC is hosted by UNOPS, supports coalitions in more than 30 countries and has members around the world.
For information on the United Nations salary scale and post adjustment formula, visit here: http://www.un.org/Depts/OHRM/salaries_allowances/salary.htm.
Issue 72 September 28, 2012 | Focus on Entrepreneurship in WASH and Household Energy
This issue contains some of the latest news and announcements about the role of entrepreneurs in providing water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and household energy products and services. This includes several winners of the Social Entrepreneurs 2012 award by the Schwab Foundation and USAID support for commercializing hand washing and establishing markets for cookstoves in Haiti. Also included is a link to cookstove market assessments by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, which provide suggestions for removing barriers that prevent the creation of a cookstove market for more than 20 countries.
Integrating Sanitation into Services for People Living HIV/AIDS, 2012. C-Change; WASHplus.
The new PEPFAR (President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief) strategy calls for a comprehensive, multisectoral approach that expands access to prevention, care, and treatment in ways that promote sustainable country programs. The U.S. government’s HIV approach now must respond to a diverse array of global health challenges requiring an integrated response with other health and development programs. Investments in specific health programs have yielded important results, and interest has expanded in strengthening health systems to reduce mortality and morbidity, especially in maternal and child health programs.
Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities and programs can be included in this integration framework. Outlined below are some quick, easy ways to integrate sanitation into existing PEPFAR programs along with the rationale for doing so. In addition, this document provides some examples of how countries have integrated sanitation into their HIV programming. Guidelines and tools are available as annexes.
Donor-funded water and sanitation improvement programmes tend to focus on and operate within the formal frameworks put in place by municipal or national governments. These frameworks broadly comprise the rules, laws and official policies that govern water and sanitation services delivery. However, in order to plan and implement programmes effectively, it is essential that implementers also recognise and take into account the influence of more subtle informal factors, such as conventions, norms of behaviour, and unwritten cultural codes of conduct.
This Topic Brief draws on WSUP’s experience in the 6-city African Cities for the Future (ACF) programme, to illustrate how both formal and informal factors can influence local service provider and low-income consumer behaviours. The Topic Brief also provides practical guidance aimed at sector programme managers to help explore and respond to some of the issues raised here, with a view to achieving greater project sustainability.
For more resources like this, visit www.wsup.com/sharing
Historically, water and sanitation service providers in low-income countries have struggled to accommodate rapid urban expansion, and particularly to serve the poor in peri-urban areas. One way to approach these challenges is to develop alternative approaches to service delivery, incorporating innovative institutional and contractual arrangements, and involving partnerships between communities, utilities, the private sector and regulators.
This Topic Brief focuses on a delegated management model developed in Kumasi (Ghana), where a WSUP-facilitated partnership between the water utility, the Metropolitan Assembly and a community management committee is starting to play a key role in expanding the provision of clean, affordable water and improved public toilet facilities in the low-income district of Kotei. The Brief explores the nature of the model, the contractual arrangements, and the central role of the community management committee. It also examines the potential for scale-up and replication.
For more resources like this, visit www.wsup.com/sharing
Posted in Africa, Progress on Sanitation, Publications, Uncategorized
Tagged Africa, delegated management, Ghana, Kumasi, sanitation, urban, WASH, water