210 million more Africans lack access to sanitation than in 1990 | Source: WaterAid-Feb 18, 2013
African Governments are failing to keep their funding promises on sanitation, a new WaterAid report has revealed. The report warns that unless investment is increased, the challenges of urbanisation, climate change and most critically population growth risk turning the clock back on sanitation access even further(1).
Kroo Bay slum in Freetown, Sierra Leone, 2012, during the worst cholera outbreak in nearly 15 years. Credit: Tommy Trenchard
From 1990 to 2010, the population of Sub-Saharan Africa grew by 340 million, however only 130 million people secured access to sanitation over the same period(2). In total nearly 600 million Sub-Saharan Africans – 70% of the population – are without access to a safe toilet(3).
The Keeping promises: why African leaders need now to deliver on their past water and sanitation commitments report uses official Government figures from five African Governments – Ghana, Niger, Sierra Leone, Rwanda and Uganda – to show that funding on sanitation is falling short of government commitments across the continent.
The Sanitation Marketing Community of Practice (www.sanitationmarketing.com) managed by WaterAid Australia on behalf of the Australian WASH Reference Group is pleased to announce our fourth webinar!
Webinar 4: Sanitation Marketing and Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS)
Date: Thursday 7th February 2013
Time: | 8:00am (London) | 9:00am (Geneva) | 11:00am (Nairobi) | 3:00pm (Jakarta, Indonesia) | 7:00pm (Melbourne, Australia) Check my time zone
Presenters: This session will be facilitated by Oliver Jones, Programme Officer, The Global Sanitation Fund (GSF), Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC). Presenters include Ulemu Chiluzi from Plan Malawi and Julian Kyomuhangi from the Government of Uganda.
This document sets out WaterAid’s framework for hygiene promotion and behaviour change in the countries where it works. It will also help organisations that work on hygiene in the context of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes. WaterAid has developed similar frameworks for sanitation and menstrual hygiene.
The framework’s structure is as follows:
- Part 1 gives a background to the framework
- Part 2 provides an overview of existing literature on hygiene promotion.
- Part 3 contains a brief history and overview of WaterAid’s hygiene-related work.
- Part 4 sets out key principles for country programmes on hygiene promotion, within the framework of a programme cycle.
- Part 5 outlines WaterAid’s minimum commitments for hygiene promotion work – these make up WaterAid’s policy on hygiene promotion
WaterAid, 2012. Hygiene framework. WaterAid, London, UK. 56 p. : 9 fig., 1 tab., photogr. Includes glossary and references. Available at: http://washurl.net/6fyfgy
Towards Inclusive WASH: Sharing evidence and experience from the field, 2012. WaterAid Australia.
This new publication is a record of the WASH sector’s efforts to achieve equity and inclusion in programming around the world. The publication includes one keynote paper by Hazel Jones (WEDC) and Louisa Gosling (WaterAid UK) and 16 case studies from a wide range of organisations in 13 countries and with examples from urban, rural and school WASH programming. The case studies provide stories of policy, technology and process innovations through four lenses: Poorest of the poor, Living with HIV and AIDS, Disability and Gender.
We hope that this publication can provide some inspiration for development practitioners around the world who want to build equity and inclusion into their WASH programming and also for those who aspire to incorporate water, sanitation and hygiene outcomes into their programming in the HIV, disability or other sectors.
A woman health volunteer is showing the group the sanitary napkins that she sells. BRAC programme Bangladesh. Photo: Christine Sijbesma/IRC
The third bi-annual Asia Sanitation and Hygiene Practitioners’ workshop, held in Dhaka, Bangladesh, from 31 January to 2 February 2012, reported notable progress in implementing menstrual hygiene into WASH programmes.
In 2008, menstrual hygiene management was signalled as a neglected area in WASH programmes. In 2010 the workshop participants pushed ahead and discussed necessary provisions for menstrual hygiene management in toilet design (washing facilities, sufficient space, incinerators) as well as issues of availability and affordability of menstrual hygiene materials.
A major hurdle remains the lack of awareness and lack of recognition that menstrual hygiene is a human right and health issue. In 2012, participants concluded that menstrual hygiene programmes are now usually linked to school WASH, but efforts are needed to reach girls who are not in schools. Advocacy and hygiene promotion have to improve the awareness of both men and women about menstruation and menstrual hygiene management.