Tag Archives: World Bank

John Kalbermatten, “Low-cost sanitation champion”, 1931-2009

John Kalbermatten. Photo: Connell Funeral Home

John Kalbermatten. Photo: Connell Funeral Home

John Kalbermatten, 77, former Senior Water & Wastes Advisor at the World Bank, died on Thursday, 26 February 2009. Born in Luzern, Switzerland, he worked as a professional engineer for the city of Bethlehem, USA, the World Health Organization, retiring from the World Bank in 1986. John continued as a private consultant for 14 years.

In his blog, Prof. Duncan Mara writes: “low-cost Sanitation has lost its greatest Champion”. Realising that the World Bank’s “investments in sewerage were not reaching the poor, [Kalbermatten] persuaded the Bank to fund the 1976-78 low-cost sanitation research project”, says Mara. “This produced some truly ground-breaking publications – for example, the three books on Appropriate Sanitation Alternatives [...] – some people, including some sector ‘specialists’, are even now “reinventing” quite a bit of what’s in the first two, simply because they haven’t read them (and probably don’t know about them)”, Mara continues. (More references to publications by John Kalbermatten can be found in IRCDOC).

“John then obtained funds from UNDP in 1978 for project GLO/78/006 for the Technology Advisory Group (TAG), which he established, to start putting the lessons of the research project into practice. TAG’s successor today is the Water and Sanitation Program. Maggie Black’s 1999 publication 1978-1998: Learning What Works – A 20 Year Retrospective View on International Water and Sanitation Cooperation details the work of TAG.

View John Kalbermatten’s guest book on the Connell Funeral Home web page.

World Bank Water Week 2009 sanitation presentations online

Water Week took place at the World Bank headquarters in Washington DC from February 17-20, 2009. The event was organized by the Water Anchor in partnership with the Water Sector Board. Titled “Tackling Global Water Challenges”, the discussions focused on the urgent challenges currently faced by the water community including inter alia: adapting to climate change, responding to the food crisis, keeping the momentum for the MDGs, and dealing with the potential impact of the global economic crisis.

All presentations are now online here.

Below are links to some of the sanitation-related presentations:

World Bank taps Grey for Global Handwashing Day drive

HANOI – The World Bank has appointed Grey to promote the first ever Global Handwashing Day in Vietnam. (…) The appointment followed work done by Grey in mid-2008 to launch a social awareness drive – which included a TVC and events – to encourage rural communities to adopt better hygiene practices in 50 communes in rural Vietnam. (…)

Read all BrandRepublic

Nepal: WB provides grant of US$ 127M

Kathmandu, August 26.   The World Bank has provided a grant of US$ 127 million to help the Government of Nepal consolidate the peace process and to scale up the delivery of basic services to under-served rural population.

(…) The US$ 27 million grant for the Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project will scale up the project to provide services to more remote rural areas. (…) It aims to improve institutional performance of the rural water supply and sanitation sector, and will also support communities to form inclusive local water supply and sanitation user groups that can plan, implement, and operate drinking water and sanitation infrastructure that delivers sustainable health, hygiene, and productivity benefits to rural households.

An additional 400,000 people from nearly 600 communities stand to benefit from rural water supply and sanitation facilities with the new financing. Another 450 schemes will undergo the development phase, which includes activities for social capital development, preceding the construction phase. (…)

Read all Gorkhapatra.com

Indonesia: Nationwide campaign to improve sanitation

JAKARTA, 27 August 2008 (IRIN) – Indonesia has launched a nationwide campaign to improve access to sanitation and clean water.

According to the World Bank-administered Water and Sanitation Programme, about 100 million of Indonesia’s 220 million people had no easily accessible, private and safe place to urinate and defecate in 2004, and a recent World Bank report said poor hygiene and sanitation cost the country US$6.3 billion in 2006 (2.3 percent of gross domestic product). (…)

According to the Indonesia Sanitation Sector Development Programme diarrhoea kills 100,000 Indonesian children every year. (…)

Source: IRIN News

Related links: Read more at http://www.wsp.org/index.cfm?page=page_disp&pid=18190 with links to the following related publications:

Economic Impacts of Sanitation in Indonesia
Economic Impacts of Sanitation in Southeast Asia
Economic Impacts of Sanitation in Cambodia–Summary
Economic Impacts of Sanitation in the Philippines
Economic Impacts of Sanitation in Vietnam

Taps and Toilets: Access to safe water is a cheap and highly effective lifesaver

Two out of five people worldwide lack access to a toilet. One out of six does not have access to safe drinking water. This lack contributes to two million child deaths a year, reduces school attendance, and is a fundamental deprivation of human dignity. Lack of sanitation pollutes water resources.

Much of Bank investment in middle-income countries is in urban sewage and wastewater treatment, areas of special concern for these countries.  For instance, in Colombia, improved urban sanitation has resulted in untreated wastewater flowing into rivers. The Bank Group supports utilities in Colombiato increase wastewater treatment and become efficient organizations using homegrown solutions. But the Bank also supports access to basic services for the many still lacking. For instance, the Bank helped the government of Brazil launch a pilot project called PROSANEAR. After extending services to nearly one million urban poor, PROSANEAR became a national program financed fully by national funds. (…)

Read all Accra Daily Mail

Source: World Bank

Bangladesh: $165.7m WB project to improve city water, sanitation services

The World Bank (WB) funds a new project to improve water and sanitation services by Dhaka Water and Sewerage Authority (Dwasa), says a press release. To improve sustainable delivery of stormwater drainage, wastewater and water services by the Dwasa, the government has initiated the ‘Dhaka Water Supply and Sanitation Project’ with funding from the WB. (…)

Secondly, it will carry out rehabilitation, repair and expansion of priority investments in city’s sewerage network and treatment plant to improve the urban environment. (…)

The WB also intends to support Chittagong’s water, sewerage and stormwater drainage system in conjunction with the development partners in the port city under a separate upcoming project.

Read all The Daily Star

Ghana: Millennium development goals beyond reach for Africa- says report

Presenting the findings of the report “MDGs and the Environment- Agenda Inclusive Sustainable Development” in Accra last Friday, an Economist of the World Bank, Punam Chuhan-Pole, noted that the aggregate picture of Sub-Saharan Africa hid the progress made in many African countries towards achieving the MDGs.

(…) The report said Ghana ranked in the top five performers in the rural water sector in Africa due to generous assistance from development partners such as CIDA, IDA, UNICEF but criticized the country’s urban water sector. It slammed the country for not doing well in sanitation, describing it as badly off track, ranking in the bottom three in Sub-Saharan Africa. (…)

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Bangladesh: Poor sanitation management making the City more polluted

(…) According to a World Bank report, Dhaka is the fastest expanding city in the world. It has now got nearly 1.2 crore people with approximately 3-4 lakh poor joining it every year. The city’s population is apprehended to hit 2 crore in 2020, making it the World’s third largest city.  (…)

Unfortunately, Dhaka cannot cope with its growing population. A significant portion or the city’s populace lives in slums. These people have virtually no access to the city’s sanitation and sewerage facilities. Among 1,925 slums mentioned in the report, there is only one public toilet each in only 43 slums.  (….)

Read all The New Nation

Latin America: new publications from WSP

New document from the Water and Sanitation Programme (WSP):

1. Sanitation in Nicaragua: (El estado del saneamiento en Nicaragua – Resultados de una evaluación en comunidades rurales, pequeñas localidades y zonas periurbanas). In Spanish only.

2. Communication, water and sanitation in Latin America. English.

See also: Water and Sanitation Programme and Agua Latina

Read more: Agua potable y saneamiento en Nicaragua