Nepal: Ecofarming – a winning complement to ecological sanitation

The use of urine diversion toilets in Nepal began about ten years ago with the first WHO efforts in Siddhipur village to promote ecological sanitation. […] Today, the number of such toilets has expanded to more than a hundred in this village, and to over a thousand toilets in Nepal as a whole.

[…] The urine collected from these villages toilets is used for fertilizing household vegetable patches. Some households are able to fully use the urine they generate, while others do not and the excess is used by others. These extra volumes are collected by enterprising farmers, [like] Jeevan [who] gave up chicken farming [about five years ago] and switched to vegetable production with eco-farming. […]. Since his change to this eco-friendly method of farming, he has completely given up the use of chemical fertilizers to boost his crops [and] has surplus to sell. He […] now gets a respectable profit of about 10-15 000 rupees per month [and] saves the 1 000 rupees or so he used to spend on firewood, and at least 7 000 he spent each year on chemical fertilizers before he began eco-farming.

[…] Jeevan saves on firewood through his household-level biogas plant, fueled by the dung from two cows. […] He uses urine drip irrigation to fertilize an acre of vegetable plots around his house.[…] His biogas plant provides lighting and fuel for cooking twice a day. Others see him as a good example and have begun to learn from him.

For more information, please contact Dr Abdul Sattar Yoosuf, Director, Sustainable Development and Healthy Environments, WHO Searo, email: yoosufa [at]

Source: Environmental Health Update, May 2009

See also earlier items on ecosan in Siddhipur that have appeared in Source:

  • Nepal: Pee proudly for healthy vegetables, Source Bulletin, Feb 2009
  • Nepal: Ecosan toilets improve quality of life and of river water, Source South Asia, 17 Sep 2008
  • Understanding technology types of ECOSAN latrines in Nepal, Source Bulletin, Feb 2008
  • Siddhipur community constructs eco-friendly future, Source Bulletin, Feb 2007

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