2010 UN-Water Global Assessment of Sanitation & Drinking-Water (GLAAS)

UN-Water Global Annual Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS)

The Global Annual Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS) is a UN-Water initiative implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO). The objective of UN-Water GLAAS is to provide policy makers at all levels with a reliable, easily accessible, comprehensive and global analysis of the evidence to make informed decisions in sanitation and drinking-water.

With over 2.6 billion people living without access to improved sanitation facilities, and nearly 900 million people not receiving their drinking-water from improved water sources, UN-Water GLAAS highlights where efforts stagnate in achieving the Millennium Development Goal Target 7.C.−to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water and basic sanitation. It also highlights the post-2015 challenges that need to be addressed by the United Nations system to collectively support its Member States.

The findings from the UN-Water GLAAS report will be presented at the first annual High-Level Meeting of Sanitation and Water for All, hosted by UNICEF on 23 April 2010 in Washington, DC. The High Level Meeting will provide a forum for Ministers of Finance from developing countries, accompanied by Ministers responsible for sanitation and water, and representatives from donor countries to gain a greater understanding of the linkages between water, sanitation, and economic growth, in order to commit the appropriate resources, as well as to promote a culture of mutual accountability, partnership and shared responsibility.

Table of Contents – UN-Water Global Annual Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS) 2010

Executive summary 2

Part 1. Priorities, targeting and adequacy of financial flows 7
1.1 The benefi ts of investing in sanitation and drinking-water 8
1.2 Prioritization of sanitation and drinking-water 13
1.3 Adequacy of financial flows 17
1.4 Targeting of sanitation and drinking-water funding 22

Part 2. Country capacity to sustain progress 37
2.1 Policies and institutions 38
2.2 Setting national coverage goals and monitoring progress 40
2.3 Budgets and expenditures 43
2.4 Human resources development 48

Part 3. Partnerships and external support to accelerate and sustain progress 53
3.1 Stakeholder coordination and harmonization 55
3.2 Aid channelling and alignment 58
3.3 Towards mutual accountability 65

Conclusions and recommendations 70
Looking ahead 72
References 74
Appendix A: Glossary 77
Appendix B: Method 80
Appendix C: Summary of 2009–2010 CSO and GLAAS country survey responses 84
Appendix D: Summary of 2009–2010 GLAAS external support agency survey responses 88
Appendix E: OECD Development Assistance Committee list of ODA

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