USAID – Application of Total Sanitation & Sanitation Marketing Approaches

Application of Total Sanitation & Sanitation Marketing (TSSM) Approaches to USAID, November, 2010.

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Executive Summary
1. Introduction
1.1 Rationale/Background
1.2 Scope
1.3 Methodology
1.4 Report Organization
2. TSSM – What Is It?
2.1 What Is TSSM?
2.2 Summary of International Experience of Development Partners

3. TSSM Experiences in USAID Focus Countries
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Methodology
3.3 Analysis of Findings
4. Application of TSSM in Rural, Small Town, and Peri-Urban Context
4.1 Application of Total Sanitation (TS) in Rural Context
4.1.1 Introduction
4.1.2 How has Total Sanitation (TS) Worked in Rural Areas?
4.1.3 Challenges of TS Approaches
4.2 Application of TS Approaches in a Peri-urban Context
4.2.1 Introduction
4.2.2 Kalyani Municipality Case Study
4.2.3 Challenges of TS Approaches in Peri-urban Settings
4.3 Sanitation Marketing (SM) in Rural and Peri-urban Context
4.3.1 Challenges of Sanitation Marketing
4.4 How has TSSM Worked?
4.4.1 Introduction
4.4.2 Case Studies of TSSM (Implementation Models)
4.4.3 Challenges of TSSM
5. Making TSSM Work
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Institutional Framework
5.3 Staffing and Management Requirements
5.4 Training
5.5 Costs
5.6 Financing
5.6.1 Subsidies and Incentives
6. Recommendations
6.1 TSSM Approach
6.2 Global Partnerships
6.2.1 BMGF/WSP Partnership
6.2.2 Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC)
6.2.3 Department for International Development (DFID)
6.2.4 United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
6.2.5 Recommended Role for USAID

One response to “USAID – Application of Total Sanitation & Sanitation Marketing Approaches


    Very informing and educative site. I very much like it.

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