Since many experts believe that flush toilets and sewerage are unaffordable for the large majority urban and rural communities, faecal sludge management (FSM) is seen as a key link to up-scaling sanitation.
But do we need to reinvent the toilet or invent a sanitation industry? That was the concluding thought of Water for People’s Steven Sugden, one of the 100 or so presenters at the Second International Faecal Sludge Management conference (FSM2). Looking at all the presentations, the impression you get is that we need both better technologies and better business models.
FSM2 ook place in Durban, South Africa from 29-31 October 2012. The conference was structured around the following themes:
- On-site Sanitation as a Business
- Socio-political Aspects of On-site Sanitation
- Understanding On-site Sanitation
- Toilet Design for FSM Optimisation
- Pit Emptying – What are the Options?
- The How of Faecal Sludge Treatment
- Waste Not Want Not – Beneficial Use of Faecal Sludges
- Technology and Innovation
- Health Aspects of Faecal Sludges
All the presentations are available on the SuSanA website.