Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Oct 3. pii: 16-0420. Chlorination of Household Drinking Water among Cholera Patients’ Households to Prevent Transmission of Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae in Dhaka City: CHoBI7 Trial.
Authors: Rashid MU, George CM, et. al.
Household members of cholera patients are at a 100 times higher risk of cholera infections than the general population because of shared contaminated drinking water sources and secondary transmission through poor household hygiene practices. In this study, we investigated the bactericidal concentration of free chlorine required to inactivate Vibrio cholerae in household drinking water in Dhaka city. Findings suggest that point-of-use chlorine tablets present an effective approach to inactivate V. cholerae from drinking water in households of cholera patients in Dhaka city.
Matern Child Nutr. 2016 Oct;12 (4):869-84. Handwashing, sanitation and family planning practices are the strongest underlying determinants of child stunting in rural indigenous communities of Jharkhand and Odisha, Eastern India: a cross-sectional study.
Authors: Saxton J, Rath S, et. al.
We sought to identify the strongest determinants of stunting among indigenous children in rural Jharkhand and Odisha, India, to highlight key areas for intervention. In the adjusted model, the strongest protective factors for linear growth included cooking outdoors rather than indoors, birth spacing ≥24 months, and handwashing with a cleansing agent (HAZ +0.32).
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Sep 1;13(9). Exploring Determinants of Handwashing with Soap in Indonesia: A Quantitative Analysis.
Authors: Hirai M, Graham JP, et. al.
This study analyzes rural Indonesian households’ hygiene behaviors and attitudes to examine how motivations for handwashing, locations of handwashing space in the household, and handwashing moments are associated with handwashing with soap as potential determinants of the behavior. Our results showed that determinants that had a significant association with handwashing with soap included: (1) a desire to smell nice; (2) interpersonal influences; (3) the presence of handwashing places within 10 paces of the kitchen and the toilet; and (4) key handwashing moments when hands felt dirty, including after eating and after cleaning child stools. This study concludes that handwashing with soap may be more effectively promoted through the use of non-health messages.
January – June 2016 Handwashing Research Summary – Between January and June 2016, 32 relevant peer-reviewed studies on handwashing were identified. Learn about key findings during this time period .