Recent sanitation research

Children with Access to Improved Sanitation but Not Improved Water Are at Lower Risk of Stunting Compared to Children without Access: A Cohort Study in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam. BMC Public Health, January 2017. Results from this study indicate that access to improved sanitation is more frequently associated with reduced stunting risk than access to improved water. However, additional studies are needed before drawing definitive conclusions about the impact of toilets relative to water.

Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections Fact Sheet. WHO, January 2017. With the goal of meeting the global target of eliminating soil-transmitted helminth infections by 2020, WHO updated this fact sheet with information on its strategy for control. It also provides information on global prevalence, transmission, and symptoms.

Universalising Water and Sanitation Coverage in Urban Areas: From Global Targets to Local Realities in Dar es Salaam, and Back. IIED, December 2016. This paper demonstrates how global monitoring often fails to reflect and support local efforts to improve water and sanitation in low-income settlements.

Solar Water Pumping: What You Need to Know. The World Bank, December 2016. The World Bank has developed an accessible and interactive knowledge base on photovoltaic water pumping (PVP). This online repository aims to raise awareness about the technology and provide resources that help incorporate PVP into operations.

Water and U.S. National Security: A CFR Discussion Paper. Council on Foreign Relations, January 2017. The author states that pragmatic policies are necessary to address global water issues, such as elevating the importance of water at the highest levels in the U.S. Government and developing public-private partnerships to increase water supplies, water conservation, and to waterproof at-risk infrastructure.

On the Identification of Associations between Five World Health Organization Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Phenotypes and Six Predictors in Low and Middle-Income Countries. PLoS One. January 2017. Using comprehensive WHO data on drinking water quality and sanitation in the developing world, this study seeks to determine which kinds of WASH interventions are most effective in improving public health outcomes, and an important corollary–whether the right things are being measured

School WASH Reports. WaterAid, December 2016. WaterAid recently published four reports that analyze the status of WASH in schools in Bangladesh, Nepal, India, and Pakistan. Each report draws policy and practice recommendations to contribute to sustainable and inclusive WASH services in schools.

Tracking Progress and Sustainability: Monitoring, Verification and Certification of CLTS. CLTS Knowledge Hub, January 2017. This learning brief considers the issues and challenges that are emerging around monitoring, verification, and certification as CLTS is being used at scale. While there has been progress, significant gaps in practice still remain.

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