June 26, 2017 – Recent WASH research

OPEN ACCESS

Handwashing in 51 Countries: Analysis of Proxy Measures of Handwashing Behavior in Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and Demographic and Health Surveys, 2010–2013. Am Jnl Trop Med & Hygiene, June 12, 2017.

The objective of this analysis is to describe global handwashing patterns using two proxy indicators for handwashing behavior from 51 DHS and MICS surveys conducted in 2010–2013: availability of soap anywhere in the dwelling and access to a handwashing place with soap and water. We found large disparities for both indicators across regions, and even among countries within the same World Health Organization region.

Food safety in developing countries: research gaps and opportunities. Feed the Future, 2017.
There are four major lines of defense against FBD: Improving the safety of inputs; Improving the chemical and microbiological safety of raw foodstuffs; Using food processing technologies that mitigate risk (pasteurization and irradiation) and prevent contamination; Behaviour change aimed at food handlers, including home-based food handlers.

A re-assessment of the safety of silver in household water treatment: rapid systematic review of mammalian in vivo genotoxicity studies. Environmental Health, June 20, 2017.

With the available evidence it is not possible to be definitive about risks to human health from oral exposure to silver particulates. However, the balance of evidence suggests that there should be concerns especially when considering the evidence from jewellery workers. There is an urgent need to determine whether people exposed to particulate silver as part of drinking water treatment have evidence of DNA damage.

Towards sustainable utilisation of water resources: a comprehensive analysis of Ghana’s National Water Policy. Water Policy, June 2017.

This paper evaluates the policy to highlight its strengths and weaknesses, to inform possible future review and guide new policy development in developing countries or troubleshoot existing policies. It draws on a framework based on three thematic areas distilled from global water policy development guidelines.

ABSTRACT/ORDER

Clean water, clean hands or new vaccines? Journal of Infection, June 2017.

Water/sanitation/hygiene professionals have attempted, with only limited success, to reduce fecal exposure and human disease in the absence of definitive civil engineering approaches. Medical professionals have worked to develop vaccines against some of the most important fecal oral pathogens. Each of these approaches needs further development and adaptation

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