WASH & Pastoralists – Water Currents, September 19, 2017.
Pastoralism is defined by the practice of mobile livestock herding though the term also encompasses pastoral farming and enclosed ranching.
While it sounds like an outdated and inefficient way of life, pastoralism is still seen as highly dynamic and intricately linked to the modern world in a way that contributes significantly to national, regional, and international markets, according to the International Institute for Environment and Development.
But there is little doubt that this lifestyle presents significant health challenges and environmental pressures.
This issue of Currents takes a close look at recent studies documenting these challenges—from disease transmission to coping with water scarcity.
Menstrual Hygiene Management: The Experience of Nomadic and Sedentary Populations in Niger. UN Women; WSSCC, March 2017. A study of menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in Niger found that nomadic women have poor MHM practices relative to sedentary women. As this report explains, nomadic communities have limited access to WASH facilities and lack education about MHM.
Seasonal Shifts in Primary Water Source Type: A Comparison of Largely Pastoral Communities in Uganda and Tanzania. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, January 2016. This study addressed the following questions: 1) To what degree do households in Uganda and Tanzania change primary water source type between wet and dry seasons? and 2) How might seasonal changes relate to water quality and health.
Read the complete issue.