Recent WASH research on water security, handwashing, intermittent water supply

Water Security Planning: Toolkit #3. Sustainable Water Partnership, 2018. Toolkit #3 discusses how to prepare a water security action plan. Future toolkits will discuss funding, implementation and the monitoring and evaluation of water security plans.

WaSH Policy Research Digest, ISSUE #7: INTERMITTENT WATER SUPPLY. UNC Water Institute, January 2018. Longer term approaches must address the systematic problems, such as high water losses and poor management, that result in intermittent supply. Continuous water supply is achievable and should be one of the aims of any program of utility reform.

Comparing the behavioural impact of a nudge-based handwashing intervention to high-intensity hygiene education: a cluster-randomised trial in rural Bangladesh. TMIH, January 2018. Our trial demonstrates sustained improved handwashing behaviour 5 months after the nudge intervention.

Enteric Infections in Young Children are Associated with Environmental Enteropathy and Impaired Growth. TMIH, January 2018. Enteric infections were significantly associated with EE and impaired growth in rural Bangladesh. These findings provide further evidence to support the hypothesis that contaminated soil in child play spaces can lead to enteric infections, many of which are likely subclinical, resulting in EE and impaired growth in young children.

Menstrual health and school absenteeism among adolescent girls in Uganda (MENISCUS): a feasibility study. BMC Women’s Health, January 2018. In this peri-urban Ugandan population, menstruation was strongly associated with school attendance. Evaluation of a menstrual management intervention that address both psychosocial (e.g. self-confidence, attitudes) and physical (e.g. management of pain, use of adequate menstrual hygiene materials, improved water and sanitation facilities) aspects of menstruation are needed.

Can Escherichia coli fly? The role of flies as transmitters of E. coli to food in an urban slum in Bangladesh. TMIH, January 2018. Flies may transmit large quantities of E. coli to food under field settings.

The influence of maternal psychosocial circumstances and physical environment on the risk of severe wasting in rural Gambian infants: a mixed methods approach. BMC Public Health, January 2018. In rural Gambia, inappropriate infant feeding practices were associated with severe wasting in infants.

Innovations in WASH Impact Measures: Water and Sanitation Measurement Technologies and Practices to Inform the Sustainable Development Goals. World Bank, 2018.

Gendered Experiences of Adaptation to Drought: Patterns of Change in El Sauce, Nicaragua. Latin American Research Review, 2017. These gendered inequalities in access to and control over different forms of capital has led to a gender-differentiated capacity to respond to climate change, men being able to adapt and women experiencing a downward spiral in capacity and increasing vulnerability to drought.

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