An Emergency WASH Update – June 29, 2019

Below is the latest update to the Emergency WASH Google Group that is maintained by the USAID Water Communications and Knowledge Management project. If you would like to become a member of the Group, just send us an email.

Below are links to some 2018 studies and resources on hygiene as well as recent reports and articles on Emergency WASH and humanitarian assistance in general. The bibliography of 2018 cholera studies from the last biweekly update is now a Google document that can be updated and shared so please add new cholera studies that you think should be included:

Recent Publications and Resources on Handwashing/Hygiene in Humanitarian Situations

Behaviour Change for WASH: Policy Brief. SHARE, June 2018. This policy brief documents SHARE’s contribution to understanding behaviour change and associated health impacts. It provides recommendations for researchers and intervention implementers, policy makers and funders.

Menstrual Hygiene Management in Humanitarian Emergencies. IDS, May 2018. A holistic response to MHM is lacking. Despite the importance and omnipresent issue of MHM in any emergency context, and the potential for cross‑sectoral links of MHM within the cluster system, there is a lack of policy and agency guidelines to support these sectors to conduct a holistic MHM response.

WASH activities at two Ebola treatment units in Sierra Leone. PLoS One, May 2018. In particular, this research provides estimates on the amount of chlorine and personal protective equipment required to manage an ETU during a future Ebola epidemic, based on the anticipated size and staffing of the ETU.

Micro-hotspots of Risk in Urban Cholera Epidemics. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, May 2018. These results reveal similar spatiotemporal patterns of cholera cases across epidemics in two African cities. We find clear evidence for zones of increased risk extending at least 200m from the household of a cholera case within the first five days after he/she presents for care, with most elevated risk within the first days after the case and within 100m of the household.

Hygiene in Emergencies. Global Handwashing Partnership, March 2018. This page summarizes key resources related to handwashing in emergency settings.

Testing new handwashing kit at scale in Tanzanian refugee camp. HIF, May 2018. Oxfam’s Promotion and Practice Handwashing Kit is a robust, user-friendly handwashing station that is easily set-up in the immediate aftermath of a disaster, allowing for improved, timely handwashing at critical moments and reducing people’s health risks in emergency displacement camps.

Wash’Em – A software-based decision-making tool that helps humanitarian actors design rapid, evidence-based and context-specific hygiene programs. This initiative brings together the expertise of Action contre la Faim (ACF), the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), and CAWST (Centre for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology).

Pilot testing and evaluation of a toolkit for menstrual hygiene management in emergencies in three refugee camps in Northwest Tanzania. Journal of International Humanitarian Action, May 2018. This paper describes the development and pilot testing of the Menstrual Hygiene Management in Emergencies Toolkit in three camps hosting Burundian and Congolese refugees in Northwest Tanzania.

Lifebuoy and Oxfam partner to impact lives in emergencies through handwashing with soap. May 2018. With an aim to impact populations most in need, this partnership brought together Lifebuoy’s behavior change and communications expertise and Oxfam’s humanitarian and public health response experience to demonstrate the positive difference a public-private sector partnership can make in promoting handwashing with soap in vulnerable populations

Recent Emergency WASH Articles and Reports- June 29, 2018

Water – A Special Issue on Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Humanitarian Contexts – This Special Issue is dedicated to the theme of humanitarian emergency WASH and seeks to capture the most up-to-date research and field experience curated to benefit practitioners, decision-makers, scientists, and engineers.  We would therefore like to call for original papers to disseminate and share research findings the theme of WASH in Humanitarian Contexts. Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2018.

What next for menstrual hygiene in emergencies: a call for action. ELRHA, June 6, 2018. The recent trend has been to focus on the supply of sanitary pads, seeking an easy solution to a multi-faceted problem at the expense of ignoring more complex issues. To address the range of challenges, more time must be spent listening to what women need and responding to their preferences.

8th Emergency Environmental Health Forum Event Report. SHARE, June 2018. The forum provided an opportunity to exchange recent field experiences and explore innovative approaches amongst over 175 attendees and discuss ways for future action and interventions for WASH in emergencies.

CLA case analysis: Global Communities’ Ebola Response in Liberia. USAID, June 22, 2018. Using a community engagement approach grounded in the principles of collaborating, learning, and adapting (CLA), Global Communities focused on reducing Ebola infections through safe burials and dead body management, education in Ebola-resistant hygiene and sanitation behaviors, and disease surveillance efforts.

Multi-Purpose Cash and Sectoral Outcomes: A Review of Evidence and Learning. UNHCR, May 2018. However, evidence is lacking on how far multi-purpose cash contributes to sectoral outcomes in health, WASH, shelter, food security and nutrition, education, livelihoods, energy and environment programming, and how sectoral interventions should include multi-purpose cash along with other activities. This report helps address this gap.

Fiji – Humanitarian response for development: lessons from Tropical Cyclone Winston. IIED, June 2018. This research offers lessons for the sub-national and national governments of Fiji, as well as other governments and donors in the Pacific region and beyond, on how humanitarian response and early recovery can be strengthened to contribute to development goals.

Monitoring and Evaluating Market-Based Programmes. Oxfam, June 1, 2018. This briefing in the WASH and Markets in Crisis series proposes a framework of indicators to monitor and evaluate programme delivery, taking into account criteria related to the access to and quality of WASH commodities, efficiency of delivery, and benefits for market actors.

Research agenda-setting on cash programming for health and nutrition in humanitarian settings. Journal of International Humanitarian Action, May 2018. Nine overarching and ranked categories for research on CTP for health and nutrition in humanitarian contexts, validated by existing reviews, are proposed by this study.

World inventors help refugees improve their living conditions. Jordan Times, January 2018. One of the participants in the competition, Souraya Eid, came from Lebanon with her two colleagues to present “Flowy” a standalone solar-powered hand-washing basin. The mobile unit allows refugees to wash their hands in a quick and sanitary way in any environment, then collects the water which is used by the next individual after being fully disinfected.  NCfilter, a project developed by an Egyptian team, also focused on water-related issues, presenting off-grid water filters easily installed in refugee living environments.

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