9 WASH studies published so far in August 2018

Sachet water quality and product registration: a cross-sectional study in Accra, Ghana. Jnl Water Health, Aug 2018.
The results of this study suggest that while a substantial proportion of sachet water is sold without formal product registration, the microbial quality of the unlicensed water is consistently high in Accra, Ghana.

Access to drinking water: time matters. Jnl Water Health, Aug 2018.
This study aims to demonstrate the effect of adding a 30-minute collection time component to monitor access to drinking water. This study draws on household surveys from 17 countries to highlight the widespread burden of fetching water and its significant impact on estimates of coverage.

Acceptability and Feasibility of Sharing a Soapy Water System for Handwashing in a Low-Income Urban Community in Dhaka, Bangladesh: A Qualitative Study. AJTMH, Aug 2018.
Soapy water was an acceptable hand cleaning agent, with the bottle as a feasible dispenser. It was simple in design, cost-effective, replicable, popular with intervention recipient, and neighboring nonrecipients, and commonly shared among nonrelated households. The need to share expenses and product preparation served as a barrier.

Dracunculiasis Eradication: Are We There Yet? AJTMH, Aug 2018.
Dracunculiasis (guinea worm disease) has been eliminated from 19 of 21 countries where it was endemic in 1986, when an estimated 3.5 million cases occurred worldwide. Only Chad and Ethiopia reported cases in humans, 15 each, in 2017.

Monitoring groundwater quality in a Namibian rural settlement. Water Practice & Technology,  June 2018.
The results revealed that sanitation practices need to be improved to avoid health risks. High levels of nitrate and coliform bacteria were identified as the most threatening contaminants that were determined.

Subnational regional inequality in access to improved drinking water and sanitation in Indonesia: results from the 2015 Indonesian National Socioeconomic Survey (SUSENAS). Global Health Action, Aug 2018. There are inequalities in access to improved drinking water and sanitation by subnational region in Indonesia. Monitoring within-country inequality in these indicators serves to identify underserved areas, and is useful for developing approaches to improve inequalities in access that can help Indonesia make progress towards the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The impact of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic on agricultural production and livelihoods in Liberia. PLoS NTDs, Aug 2018.
We also found that the community level incidence of EVD had a significant negative effect on crop production of farm households, which might have exacerbated food insecurity in the country.

Effect of hygiene interventions on acute respiratory infections in childcare, school and domestic settings in low‐ and middle‐income countries: a systematic review. Trop Med Intl Health, Aug 2018.
Evidence suggests that hand‐hygiene interventions delivered in childcare, school and domestic settings can reduce ARI morbidity, but effectiveness varies according to setting, intervention target and intervention compliance.

Antimicrobial resistance in livestock and poor quality veterinary medicines. WHO Bulletin, Early view.
Every year, antimicrobial resistance causes the death of around 700 000 people, and this number is expected to rise to an estimated 10 million deaths annually by 2050.

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