Author Archives: usaidwaterckm

Recent WASH research and news

USAID Reports

RESILIENCY IN NORTHERN GHANA (RING) QUARTERLY REPORT FY 2018 Q2 (January 1, 2018 – March 31, 2018). USAID, April 2018. To support improved sanitation in a sustainable manner, RING continued to promote the scale up of the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) activity, triggering 106 new communities during the quarter and supporting 21 communities to reach open defecation free (ODF) status, bringing the cumulative number of ODF communities over the life of project (LOP) to 322, or 82% of the RING Project target.

CLIMATE CHANGE AND HEALTH IN MOZAMBIQUE IMPACTS ON DIARRHEAL DISEASE AND MALARIA. USAID, March 2018. The burden of diarrheal disease varies regionally within Mozambique: The northern and central regions exhibit strong seasonality of disease outbreaks. Disease burden is about 15 to 20 cases per 100 people per week.

Philippines – National Demographic and Health Survey 2017: Key Indicators. DHS, February 2018. Three-quarters of Filipino households (76%) use improved sanitation facilities (Table 3.1), which are defined as non-shared facilities that prevent people from coming into contact with human waste and thus reduce the transmission of cholera, typhoid, and other diseases.

Upcoming Events

Sustainable Water, Resilient Communities: The Challenge of Erratic Water – May 30, 2018, Winrock, Sustainable Water Partnership, USAID. In the fourth and final event of the “Sustainable Water, Resilient Communities” series, experts will discuss urban watersheds, transboundary water management, water-driven security risks, and the governance of water access and availability amid an increasingly uncertain future.

Regional Conference on Reducing Gender Inequalities in the WASH sector – On 18 and 19 June 2018, the regional conference on reducing gender inequalities in the WASH sector in West and Central Africa will take place in Dakar (Senegal).

Open Access Journal Articles

Who is being left behind? An analysis of improved drinking water and basic sanitation access in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta. Jnl WASH Dev., May 2018.

Indigenous plants for informal greywater treatment and reuse by some households in Ghana. Journal of Water Reuse and Desalination | in press | 2018.

What is the impact of water sanitation and hygiene in healthcare facilities on care seeking behaviour and patient satisfaction? A systematic review of the evidence from low-income and middle income countries. BMJ Global Health March 2018.

Open Access Reports/Webcasts

Aligning Institutions and Incentives for Sustainable Water Supply and Sanitation Services. World Bank, May 2018. New thinking that draws not only infrastructure economics but also on the understanding of political, behavioral, and institutional economics is needed.

Incentives for Improving Water Supply and Sanitation Service Delivery : A South American Perspective. World Bank, May 2018.

Promoting Development in Shared River Basins: Case Studies from International Experience. World Bank, 2018. This report presents six case studies of international experience on coordinated basin management in transboundary river basins.

May 17, 2018 – Vector-Borne and Water-Related Disease Workshop – Participants will get a broader understanding about the availability and accessibility of NASA EOS data to enhance the prediction and response to vector-borne and water-related disease

Journals – Abstracts/Order

The water diary method – proof-of-concept and policy implications for monitoring water use behaviour in rural Kenya. Water Policy, April 2018.

News Articles

Water shortages to be key environmental challenge of the century, Nasa warns. The Guardian, May 16.

20 Water-Stressed Countries Have Most Solar & Wind Potential. IPS News, May 11.



Swachh Bharat cities: What the parameters of cleanliness are

Swachh Bharat cities: What the parameters of cleanliness are. India Today, May 2018.

Housing and Urban Affairs Minister Hardeep Singh Puri released Swachh Survekshan 2018, the Modi government’s cleanliness and sanitation survey report.

While Jharkhand emerged as the best-performing state in terms of cleanliness, Indore in Madhya Pradesh was adjudged the cleanest city in the country, according to the survey released yesterday.

Swachh Survekshan – a survey conducted to rank cities on various sanitation and cleanliness parameters – was launched in 2016. It was conducted among 73 top cities of India.

It was followed by Swachh Survekshan 2017 that covered 434 cities.

The third round of Swachh Survekshan was conducted in January and February, covering all 4041 statutory towns in India.

Read the complete article.

Institutional triggering for improved sanitation in Uganda

Institutional triggering for improved sanitation in Uganda

CLTS Knowledge Hub at IDS, Published on May 10, 2018

Mujuni Kitimbo Jimmy (Field Officer, Ministry of Health, Uganda) talks about successes using ‘Institutional Triggering – an Advocacy Tool’ with Community Leaders resulting in improved sanitation for communities in Uganda.

This interview was filmed at the East and Southern Africa Regional Sharing and Learning Workshop on CLTS and Rural Sanitation 16 – 20 April 2018, Arusha, Tanzania.

The event was organised by the CLTS Knowledge Hub with support from SNV Tanzania. It was funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).

Promoting sanitation behaviour change in Tanzania

Promoting sanitation behaviour change in Tanzania

CLTS Knowledge Hub at IDS, Published on May 10, 2018

Anyitike Mwakitalima (Tanzania National Sanitation Campaign Coordinator) talks about the second phase of the campaign (2016 – 2020) that focuses on promoting drivers for nationwide behaviour change to improve household and public facility sanitation across the country.

This interview was filmed at the East and Southern Africa Regional Sharing and Learning Workshop on CLTS and Rural Sanitation 16 – 20 April 2018, Arusha, Tanzania.

The event was organised by the CLTS Knowledge Hub with support from SNV Tanzania. It was funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).

Recent news articles on the Ebola outbreak in DRC



Becoming part of a mainstream movement – blended finance in water and sanitation

Becoming part of a mainstream movement – blended finance in water and sanitation. Water Blog, May 2018.

Persuasion does not always involve an epiphany. Often, attitudes are formed and opinions are shaped by the steady accumulation of evidence and examples. And so, it has been for me when it comes to blended finance. waterblog
While anecdotes of transformation may be catchier, the gradual absorption of the work of experts and practitioners is frequently how one’s thinking evolves.

I left the recent 2018 Global Water Summit not feeling transformed or possessed by the idea that blended finance is THE solution for bridging the humongous financial gap required to meet SDG6, but more convinced than ever it has a key role to play. I was also positively surprised that this financial solution is no longer an exotic stranger to our sector and that a significant number of water supply and sanitation (WSS) practitioners are implementing blended finance schemes.

What exactly is blended finance? The OECD representative at the summit explained it as a strategic use of development finance to mobilize private capital flows to emerging and frontier markets. From my experience in Europe, I know that blended finance is not new but for multilateral developmental organizations (MDO) supporting WSS projects, it is definitely a new way of working.

Read the complete article.

Hand Hygiene and Sepsis Prevention – Water Currents

Hand Hygiene and Sepsis Prevention – Water Currents, May 15, 2018

May 5, 2018 marked World Hand Hygiene Day, an annual awareness day and call to action for promoting hand hygiene in health care.

This year’s theme was “It’s in your hands—prevent sepsis in health care.” Sepsis—when the body’s response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs—affects more than 30 million patients every year worldwide and leads to an estimated 6 million deaths. handhygiene

Proper hand hygiene is a critical step to preventing sepsis and providing quality health care.

This issue contains recently published studies on hand hygiene, as well as studies on water and sanitation conditions in health care facilities (HCFs).

We would like to thank the Global Handwashing Partnership (GHP) for contributing to this issue. GHP is a coalition of international stakeholders working to promote handwashing with soap as a pillar of international development and public health.

Read the complete issue.