Author Archives: WSSCC

Join the thematic discussion on applied research in water, sanitation and hygiene

The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) Community of Practice on Sanitation and Hygiene in Developing Countries and the Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation at Mzuzu University (Malawi) are holding a joint 3-week thematic discussion on applied research in water, sanitation and hygiene.


The LinkedIn-hosted CoP has over 5,900 members each working in WASH and other related sectors; this thematic discussion will be an opportunity to bring together sector practitioners and researchers to share knowledge, learn from each other, identify best practice and explore links between research and practice in the sector.

The thematic discussion will take place on the CoP; with a coordinator moderating the discussions. The discussion will be split into three inter-linked sub-themes and conversation leaders will frame and prompt debates each week on:

  • 3 – 9 October – Theme 1: How to pull practitioners into research – What are some examples of successful research including WASH practitioners? How did these models address the issues of research to support grass roots implementation improvements? How were research findings shared? What ethical procedures were followed for study participants? In the cases of successful research partnership, were programs initiated and undertaken by academic, governmental or non-governmental actors?
  • 10 – 16 October – Theme 2: Low-cost WASH technologies – Is there still room to research and innovate WASH technologies? Who is leading this and how is technology development being conducted?  What are some of the most successful low-cost WASH technologies you have seen? What constitutes low-cost WASH technologies?
  • 17 – 22 October – Theme 3: Reducing sanitation-related psychosocial stress, and improving the safety and quality of life for women and girls – How is this defined? What are some of the local strategies in place to reduce sanitation-related psychosocial stress, and improving the safety and quality of life for women and girls? What are the patterns of this you have seen? Are there more innovative ways looking at this problem – what about the health impact and the perceptions and views of communities?

Join us for the discussion with some of the following thematic experts:

  • Rochelle Holm, Manager of the Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation at Mzuzu University, Malawi
  • Abebe Beyene, Department of Environmental Health Science & Technology, Jimma University, Ethiopia

Weekly summaries of discussions will be posted on CoP as well as a synthesis report of overarching findings at the end.

To participate in the discussion, please join here:


We look forward to some constructive and in-depth discussions!

The Netherlands announces $50 million contribution to WSSCC for global sanitation coverage

The Government of the Netherlands today announced a renewed investment of $50 million for the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC).

The funding will enable WSSCC, the only part of the United Nations devoted solely to the sanitation and hygiene needs of the most vulnerable people around the world, to empower 5 million additional people to access improved sanitation by 2020.

“In 2015, the Netherlands pledged to achieve universal access to water for 30 million people and sanitation for 50 million people by 2030,” said Mark Rutte, Prime Minister of the Netherlands, in a video shown at Global Citizen’s World on Stage event held in New York City at the NYU Skirball Center. “And today I’m proud to announce that the Government of the Netherlands will be donating 50 million dollars to the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council to foster our joint efforts!”

The announcement was made during Global Citizen’s exclusive night of music, advocacy, and impact with Tom Morello, Kesha, and Paul Simon presenting the inaugural George Harrison Global Citizen Award.

The Netherlands’ special envoy for international water affairs Henk Ovink joined Nigerian Environment Minister and WSSCC Chair Amina J. Mohammed at the announcement on Friday night. Credit: Global Citizen

The Netherlands’ special envoy for international water affairs Henk Ovink joined Nigerian Environment Minister and WSSCC Chair Amina J. Mohammed at the announcement on Friday night. Credit: Global Citizen

Henk Ovink, the Netherlands’ special envoy for international water affairs, joined Amina J. Mohammed, the Chair of WSSCC and Minister of Environment for the Federal Republic of Nigeria, at the announcement.

“I can assure you that the commitment from the Netherlands will transform the lives of millions of women and girls, the elderly, the disabled, and the most vulnerable,” said Mohammed.

“The Netherlands stands firmly committed to a water-secure world, where every citizen of every nation can access clean drinking water, and where safe sanitation and hygiene is a reality for all,” added Ovink.

2.4 billion people – roughly 40 percent of the world’s population – lack what many take for granted: a toilet. Every day, an estimated 1,500 children die from diarrhoea largely caused by a lack of access to safe water, sanitation, and hygiene — more than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. Poor sanitation alone may also be responsible for as much as half of the world’s stunting problems, due to diarrhoea and related malnutrition.

Ms. Mohammed said it is important “to hold more global leaders accountable for making visionary commitments to global water and sanitation. This will improve health, grow economies and enhance human dignity.”

In addition to the Netherlands, WSSCC is supported by the Governments of Australia, Finland, Norway, Switzerland and Sweden.

Global Sanitation Fund reports advances in sanitation and hygiene for communities across 13 countries

People-centred, nationally-led programmes empower millions to end open defecation and enhance sanitation

Geneva, 14 June 2016 – A new report shows that the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) has supported governments and thousands of partners across 13 countries to enable close to 11 million people to end open defecation.

Nigeria - CLTS triggering

The Global Sanitation Fund supports Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), which ignites change in sanitation and hygiene behaviour within whole communities, rather than constructing toilets through subsidies. In this photo, local women are engaged in a CLTS triggering session facilitated by the GSF-supported programme in Obanliku, Nigeria. Photo: Concern Universal/Jason Florio

Strong results achieved by GSF-supported national programmes are enhancing the GSF’s goal of contributing to universal access to sustainable and equitable sanitation and hygiene across these countries.

The results are published in the GSF’s latest Progress Report, highlighting cumulative results achieved from the start of the Fund to the end of 2015, as well as results and activities during 2015. From the establishment of the GSF in 2008 up until December 2015, GSF-supported programmes have enabled:

  • 10.87 million people in more than 47,000 communities to live in open defecation free (ODF) environments, an increase of nearly 4 million since 2014
  • 6.62 million to access improved toilets, an increase of over 2 million since 2014
  • 15.69 million to access handwashing facilities, an increase of nearly 8 million since 2014

These results represent achievements within targeted communities in need. With these achievements, GSF-supported programmes aim to demonstrate to national governments and other stakeholders that it is possible to achieve large-scale, nationally-owned results in a sustainable and cost-effective manner. In addition, the GSF model can be replicated and scaled up to achieve nationwide coverage, as envisioned in national sanitation strategies and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


Among the many dimensions of the GSF are: triggering leaders at the highest level of government; enabling the most vulnerable to improve their sanitation; addressing the needs of women and girls; igniting large-scale change in communities through CLTS; and promoting handwashing to prevent diseases and save lives. Credit: WSSCC

Boosting national efforts to achieve sustainable sanitation and hygiene for all

The report shows that in 2015, progress went beyond the numbers. Furthermore, the report presents the human aspect of the GSF – the diverse people and partners that are central to the Fund’s impact across Africa and Asia.

GSF-supported programmes in Benin, Madagascar, Nigeria, Togo and Uganda worked with in-country partners to accelerate the development of national sanitation and ODF strategies. In addition, significant progress was made in better addressing challenges related to sustaining ODF status and behaviour change, in-country innovations were developed and scaled up, and many programmes enhanced their implementation through national and international learning exchanges.

Following the devastating earthquake in Nepal, reprogramming of a portion of the GSF-supported programme’s funds enabled support to a coordinated national response. A ‘revive your toilet’ campaign in the three worst-affected GSF-supported districts mobilized volunteers to restore damaged latrines.

“The significant progress reported by the GSF shows that the Fund is strongly placed to contribute to several Sustainable Development Goals,” said Chris Williams, Executive Director of WSSCC. “The GSF is most strongly placed to help nations address the second target of Goal 6: achieving universal access to equitable sanitation and hygiene and ending open defecation, while focusing on the needs of women, girls and the most vulnerable. All of these aspects are central to the GSF’s work.”

Why sanitation and hygiene?

Adequate water and sanitation is both a human right and daily need for everyone. Despite this, improving sanitation and hygiene remains a challenge for 2.4 billion people, about a third of the world’s population. Poor sanitation and hygiene is linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera and diarrhoea, the latter of which is among the leading causes of death worldwide. The World Bank has also estimated that poor sanitation costs countries approximately $260 billion annually. Improved sanitation can prevent a significant amount of diseases, improve dignity and safety, and boost school attendance, particularly among girls. Furthermore, a WHO study calculated that for every $1 invested in sanitation, there was a return of $5.50 in lower health costs, more productivity and fewer premature deaths.

The GSF was established in 2008 by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) to help address the global sanitation and hygiene crisis. WSSCC is legally and administratively hosted by the United Nations Office for Project Services and chaired by Amina J. Mohammed, Nigeria’s Environment Minister and the former Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on Post-2015 Development Planning.

The GSF’s impact

The GSF is the only global fund solely dedicated to sanitation and hygiene, supporting national sanitation programmes that are community-based and government-supported. Across these countries, diverse networks of stakeholders include households, communities, natural leaders, national coalitions, local governments, community organizations and champions, NGOs, academic institutions and local entrepreneurs. These stakeholders form vibrant movements, working together to create the conditions for millions of people in their countries, and tens of millions across the globe, to enhance their sanitation and hygiene.

Monitoring, verifying and reporting on sanitation improvement is central to GSF-supported programmes. The GSF continues to support the enhancement of national and global monitoring and verification systems, to ensure sustainable development objectives are achieved and no one is left behind. Credit: WSSCC/Javier Acebal

Monitoring, verifying and reporting on sanitation improvement is central to GSF-supported programmes. The GSF continues to support the enhancement of national and global monitoring and verification systems, to ensure sustainable development objectives are achieved and no one is left behind. Credit: WSSCC/Javier Acebal

The GSF‘s people-centered approach engages households in thousands of villages, enabling people to make informed decisions about their sanitation and hygiene behaviour that can positively impact their health, education, income, productivity and dignity.

“As highlighted in the report, the GSF is well positioned to play a central role in supporting global investment needs for sanitation and hygiene,” said David Shimkus, the GSF’s Programme Director. “As a multi-donor trust fund, the GSF over the next 15 years will build upon the knowledge and experience gained to further accelerate access to sanitation for tens of millions of people. Efforts will be made to boost the capacity, innovation and results of country programmes, as well as to further strengthen monitoring, evaluation and learning systems.”

The Governments of Australia, Finland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom have contributed to the GSF since its establishment in 2008. Over $112 million has been committed across 13 countries.

Download the 2015 Progress Report on the WSSCC website to read more about the GSF’s results, impact and activities.

Accelerating and sustaining behaviour change: New handbook launched at GSF learning event

This week, the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) and the GSF-funded ‘Fonds d’Appui pour l’Assainissement’ (FAA) in Madagascar launched a new handbook on accelerating and sustaining the end of open defecation.

The handbook was launched during the GSF Learning Event in Antananarivo, Madagascar, inaugurated by Madagascar’s Minister of Water Sanitation and Hygiene, Roland Ravatomanga.

A community celebrating the creation of their ‘model latrine’ for others to replicate during a FUM session in Madagascar. Credit: WSSCC

A community celebrating the creation of their ‘model latrine’ for others to replicate during a FUM session in Madagascar. Credit: WSSCC

The ‘Follow-up MANDONA’ (FUM) handbook is a field guide for practitioners of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) – an empowering approach for improving sanitation and hygiene through collective behaviour change, rather than external subsidies or prescription. FUM aims to systematically engage communities after they have been initially ‘triggered’ and committed to ending open defecation.

‘Mandona’ is a Malagasy word which means ‘to push’. FUM brings the entire community together for a self-analysis of their sanitation situation, which then helps them immediately create models that prevent the ingestion of faeces. The approach harnesses the power of Natural Leaders to replicate these models across the community, which includes helping those that are least able, in order to advance to ODF status. By focusing on sustainable behaviour change, FUM is also a useful tool for addressing issues surrounding ‘slippage’, which relates to returning to previous unhygienic behaviours.

FUM was developed and refined by MIARINTSOA NGO, a sub-grantee of the FAA programme. Given the success of FUM in Madagascar and elsewhere, the GSF and FAA created the FUM handbook to provide a practical guide for how CLTS practitioners can implement the approach in their own contexts.

Download ‘Follow-up MANDONA: A field guide for accelerating and sustaining open defecation free communities’ (English/French)

The weeklong global event where the handbook was launched brings together implementing partners, WASH experts, and high-level government representatives from GSF-supported programmes. These actors are exchanging ideas and sharing best practices for achieving improved sanitation and hygiene behaviour at scale.

During the launch, WSSCC Executive Director Chris Williams highlighted how FUM is engraining the sustainability of sanitation and hygiene behaviour change in Madagascar and beyond. “Once a village, or an entire commune, has reached ODF status, the story isn’t over. In fact, the work continues. This important publication documents the innovations that Madagascar has put together to systematically follow-up with villages. FUM aims to ensure that the change in attitudes and creation of convictions that my ‘sanitation problem is your sanitation problem’ – ‘or my shit is your shit’ – is dealt with as a collective community effort.”

WSSCC Executive Director holds up the Follow-up MANDONA handbook at GSF Learning Event opening ceremony. Credit: WSSCC/Okechukwu Umelo

WSSCC Executive Director holds up the Follow-up MANDONA handbook at GSF Learning Event opening ceremony. Credit: WSSCC/Okechukwu Umelo

FUM has become one of FAA’s most important tools for empowering over 1.6 million people to live in open defecation free environments on their own terms. Due to its success in Madagascar, FUM has recently become a core strategy for national sanitation and hygiene programmes in Uganda, Nigeria, Benin, and Togo.

Community members in Nigeria agreeing to trigger their neighbours and help those who don’t have the means to build their own latrine. Credit: WSSCC

Community members in Nigeria agreeing to trigger their neighbours and help those who don’t have the means to build their own latrine. Credit: WSSCC

Kamal Kar, the Chairman of the CLTS Foundation, which has extensively supported the FAA programme to develop their CLTS approach, emphasized the importance of the handbook in sharing proven approaches to practitioners around the world: “I am glad that the Malagasy NGO, MIARINTSOA, with the help of the FAA programme, WSSCC and the GSF, has systematically documented their experience of post-triggering follow-up from their implementation of CLTS over the last 4-5 years. Publication of this Follow-up MANDONA handbook is indeed a step forward towards country-wide scaling up of good practice of CLTS in Madagascar and beyond.”


Eugène De Ligori Rasamoelina, Executive Director of MIARINTSOA NGO, which developed and refined Follow-up MANDONA. Credit: WSSCC

“I must say that the emergence of thousands of ODF villages in Madagascar, starting with my multiple support visits to the country since 2010 to strengthen the approach, is a brilliant example of quality CLTS implementation with its central philosophy of local empowerment. I believe that this handbook will be useful in understanding and ensuring post-triggering follow-up in CLTS for sustained behaviour change.”

Find out more about the Global Sanitation Fund on the WSSCC website.

Save the Date! WASH, Women and Welfare: Social Protection from a Gender Perspective

7 March 2016, 14:00-16:00
Palais des Nations – Geneva, Switzerland

Logos - All partners

On 7 March 2016, UNRISD and WSSCC will hold a joint event that will put the right to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) within a rights-based social protection framework, and explore WASH’s relationship to other economic, social and cultural rights.

This event will bring together researchers, practitioners and policy makers to examine both the existing legal frameworks and efforts made to incorporate a rights-based implementation of these frameworks at the country level, with special attention paid to the gender perspective.

This meeting is an official side event of the 31st session of the Human Rights Council.


  • Lucinda O’Hanlon, OHCHR – Women’s Rights and WASH
  • Nuno Cabral, Mission of Portugal –Country-Level WASH Frameworks: The Case of Portugal
  • Rockaya Aidara, WSSCC – Policy and Practice in West and Central Africa: UN Women/WSSCC Joint Programme on Gender, Hygiene and Sanitation
  • PB Anand, University of Bradford – From Human Rights to Human Development: Ensuring Universal Access to WASH

For further details about the event, please download the concept note in the link below :

For more information, please contact and

Amina J. Mohammed to serve as Chair of Leading WASH Organization

WSSCC Announces Appointment of Renowned Sustainable Development Expert

Geneva, December 17, 2015 – Today, the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) announced that Amina J. Mohammed, Environment Minister of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, will serve as its new Chair, effective as of April 2, 2016.

The former Assistant-Secretary General and Special Advisor to the Secretary General on Post-2015 Development Planning, Ms. Mohammed will chair the Steering Committee and guide the work of WSSCC’s Geneva-based Secretariat, its operations in 20 countries in Africa and Asia, and its 5,000 members in 150 countries. Hosted by the United Nations Office of Project Services, WSSCC is the part of the United Nations devoted solely to the sanitation and hygiene needs of the most vulnerable people around the world. Ms. Mohammed replaces the interim-Chair, Andrew Cotton, Emeritus Director of the Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC, Loughborough University), and previous Chair, Prof. Anna Tibaijuka, Member of Parliament, Tanzania, and former Under-Secretary General and Executive Director of UN-Habitat.


“WSSCC embodies the transformative spirit of the Sustainable Development Goals, promoting WASH at the national level as a strategic entry point for attaining multiple targets” says Ms. Mohammed. “By improving sanitation and hygiene at scale in sub-Saharan Africa, South and Southeast Asia, in particular, the Council is playing an important role in improving education and health, and in empowering women. I am proud to Chair an organization that understands that equality and universality must go hand-in-hand towards achieving a sustainable development agenda.”

As the Secretary-General’s Special Advisor on Post-2015 Development Planning, Ms. Mohammed worked systematically to ensure the successful adoption by Member States of the Sustainable Development Goals in September 2015. She is an Adjunct Professor at Columbia University and previously held the position of Senior Special Assistant to the President of Nigeria on the Millennium Development Goals, serving three Presidents over a period of six years. In 2005 she was charged with the coordination of the debt relief funds ($1 billion per annum) towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria. From 2002-2005, Ms. Mohammed served as coordinator of the Task Force on Gender and Education for the United Nations Millennium Project.

The appointment of Ms. Mohammed will build upon WSSCC’s tradition of having a Chair with experience serving as a senior official of the United Nations and who is a current or former government official. WSSCC is an organization that prides itself on the intersection of state and non-state actors, and the appointment of Ms. Mohammed will ensure that this continues.

Christopher W. Williams, Executive Director of WSSCC, welcomed Ms. Mohammed, saying, “The issues of sanitation and hygiene are crucial to improving health and development. In the post-2015 era, we need strong global leadership to deepen our efforts, and bold ambition to advance a transformative agenda. I am confident that Ms. Mohammed will be instrumental in helping WSSCC translate global goals into local action, ensuring governments enable communities and that organizations bring about meaningful change at scale.”

In her role as Chair of WSSCC, Ms. Mohammed plans to draw upon her experience and network of contacts in politics, business, academia, and demonstrated knowledge of the United Nations, to raise awareness about practical solutions to improving sanitation and hygiene. Under her leadership, WSSCC intends to continue its current growth, notably of its Global Sanitation Fund, a catalytic facility that supports the establishment of national sanitation and hygiene improvement programmes in Africa and Asia. Programmes supported by GSF have empowered over 8 million people in 36,000 communities to improve their sanitation, adopt good hygiene practices, and drive local process that contribute directly to education, health and economic development.

PRESS RELEASE – Amina J. Mohammed to serve as Chair of Leading WASH organization

COMMUNIQUÉ DE PRESSE – Amina J. Mohammed nommée Présidente de WSSCC

WSSCC and FANSA Report Urges Action to Address the Sanitation and Hygiene Needs of Women, Adolescent Girls, the Elderly, Persons with Disabilities and the Sanitation Workforce workers

“Leave No One Behind” Calls for Universal, Safe and Easy Access and Hygienic Sanitation Prac­tices

Dhaka, Bangladesh – 11 January 2016 – Today, the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and the Freshwater Action Network South Asia (FANSA) are releasing a new report titled “Leave No One Behind: Voices of Women, Adolescent Girls, Elderly, Persons with Disabilities and Sanitation Workforce.”


The ground-breaking report highlights the plight of voiceless, underserved groups, and their need for safe and satisfactory sanitation and hygiene. The report, along with a companion 4-minute video, is being launched at SACOSAN VI (#SACOSAN) South Asia’s leading gathering of sanitation and hygiene experts, who will meet in Dhaka, Bangladesh from 11-13 January.

The release of the report also marks the direct participation and representation of these constituencies during the event and the roll-out of a corresponding advocacy campaign.

“Leave No One Behind” summarizes the sanitation and hygiene hopes and aspirations of thousands of women and men of different ages and physical ability, across rural and urban areas in eight South Asian countries. In these countries, over a billion people are without safe sanitation. They represent indi­viduals and groups rarely heard because they are seldom asked what their constraints are, what they need, how they cope and how they might design services differently to enable universal access and use.

“This report, and the consultations which led to it, is a clarion call to ‘listen and learn’ by putting people at the centre and valuing individual and different needs in addition to those of whole communi­ties,” said Archana Patkar, Programme Manager at WSSCC. “It is a call also to ‘see and recognize’ the unseen and to ‘make visible’ the invisible … putting human faces and names to sanitation workers, waste pickers who empty out pits, clean drains, sweep streets and segregate our waste.”

Key findings of the report include:

  • Users should be consulted in a disaggregated and empowering manner by the organizations responsible for building WASH facilities, so that they can take into account the specific needs and concerns of individuals and marginalized groups.
  • In the case of community toilets, different excluded individuals and groups within the community must be included as partners in design, operation and maintenance planning, monitoring and upgradation to ensure that there is no discrimination in access and use.
  • All the different groups consulted spoke about stigma and discrimination, due to physical, sexual or economic reasons. All groups spoke in their own way about the need for respect in order to live and work with dignity and security. They asked to be consulted and meaningfully involved in the services that affect their lives.

“South Asia has committed to eliminating open def­ecation by 2020 and achieving universal sanitation by 2030,” says Ramisetty Murali, the FANSA Regional Convener. “In order for this to be realized, every child, adolescent, woman, disabled or ill person, el­derly man and woman, or transgender person must report safe and easy access and hygienic sanitation prac­tices every day, irrespective of where they live, what work they do or what community they belong to. The service delivery system must be sensitive, responsive and accountable to the sanitation needs of these population groups.”

“Leave No One Behind” is the culmination of 55 consultations jointly conceptualized, facilitated, analysed and summarised by WSSCC and FANSA and partners across South Asia. Co-organised by approximately 70 local organisations (local governments, CBOs, NGOs, FANSA local chapters, activist networks and academia), these consul­tations across South Asia involved more than 2,700 adolescents, women and men – young and old, transgender people, sanitation workers engaged in the design, delivery and management of sanitation and disabled people of differ­ent age groups, gender and caste in rural, urban, peri-urban, slum and tribal settings.

WSSCC and FANSA are committed to supporting South Asia to meaningfully implement Commitment X of the Kathmandu Declaration from SACOSAN V held in Kathmandu in October 2013. Commitment X pledged “significant and direct participation of children, adolescents, women, the elderly and people with disabilities … to bring their voices clearly

into SACOSAN VI and systematically thereafter”. Eight adolescent girls, women, elderly, differently–abled men and women, sanitation workers and waste pickers will speak at a key plenary session on 13 January 2016 at SACOSAN VI to share their hopes and aspirations with ministers, planners, practitioners, civil society, academia and the media.

“While the proportion of people using improved sanitation in South Asia has increased significantly over the past decade, over a billion people in the region still lack access to adequate sanitation,” says Chris Williams, WSSCC’s Executive Director. “SACOSAN VI is thus a great opportunity to examine the challenges South Asia faces as it transitions into the Sustainable Development Goals era, particularly the challenges wrought by climate change and increasing inequality.”

Supported by the eight-member South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and held on a rotational basis in each member state, SACOSAN is a biennial gathering that provides a critical platform for governments and key stakeholders in South Asia to develop a regional agenda and action plans on sanitation. Under the banner ‘Better Sanitation, Better Life’ the three-day conference held in Dhaka, Bangladesh from 11 to 13 January 2016, aims to accelerate progress on sanitation and hygiene promotion in South Asia, and thus enhance the quality of people’s lives.

To download the full report, click here:

Download this press release in PDF-format