Private sector engagement in sanitation and hygiene: Exploring roles across the sanitation chain, 2016.
The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council Community of Practice on Sanitation and Hygiene in Developing Countries (WSSCC CoP) and the global Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) jointly convened a month-long thematic discussion on engaging the local private sector in sanitation and hygiene.
With each network having over 5,000 members working in WASH and related sectors, this thematic discussion provided an opportunity for sharing of learning and crossfertilisation of ideas. The thematic discussion took place concurrently on both platforms with a coordinator ensuring that content was shared across both communities.
Split into three inter-linked and sequenced sub-themes that explore links between research and practice, the discussion focused on how and under what circumstances local private sector engagement can ensure sustained health and WASH outcomes.
Read the complete report.
Fecal sludge management is the elephant in the room, but we have developed tools to help | Source: World Bank Water Blog, July 6, 2016 |
Recently developed Fecal Sludge Management tools to help address this important, but often-ignored, urban sanitation issue.
In the rapidly expanding cities of the developing world, sanitation is of ever growing importance – more people mean more exposure to fecal pollution, and therefore a greater risk to public health. The widely accepted solution, taught to sanitary engineers worldwide, is to flush human waste into sewers which take it to large, centralized treatment facilities.
Discharging fecal sludge in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
This requires expensive infrastructure, a plentiful water supply, skilled operators and a substantial and reliable stream of operating funds. This means that in most low- and middle-income country cities, the sewerage service is only available to a small and decreasing proportion of the population, as investments cannot keep up with the explosive urban growth.
Read the complete article.
Testing the Implementation Potential of Resource Recovery and Reuse Business Models, 2016. CGIAR.
In many developing countries, the sanitation sector is highly subsidized by public sector agencies which has resulted in inadequate and inequitable provision of waste management services. The historical reliance on public sector provision has partly prevented the development of markets in sanitation services, including resource recovery and reuse (RRR).
A paradigm shift in the sanitation sector towards cost recovery is increasingly being supported by many donors pushing for private sector participation and waste-to-wealth programs. This development advocates for a shift from waste ‘treatment for disposal’ to ‘treatment for reuse’ as the latter offers options for business development and cost recovery for the sanitation sector.
Although the potential benefits from waste reuse are apparent, it is becoming increasingly important that potential investors are given sound information on its feasibility and positive return on investments (RoI) be they in monetary or non-monetary (e.g., social or environmental) terms. This guideline presents a detailed methodological framework that can be used for the feasibility assessment of RRR business models in the context of developing countries.
Its purpose is to support public and private sectors as well as investors in determining the potential viability of RRR in a particular location and context. The guideline was developed in the context of four cities (Lima, Bangalore, Kampala and Hanoi) and later in other cities in Ghana and Sri Lanka, which can all be considered as relatively data scarce environments; this influenced data gathering and the eventually suggested methodology.
Fecal Sludge Management Tools – World Bank
In many cities, the emptying, conveyance, treatment and disposal of fecal sludge has largely been left to unregulated private, informal service providers.
To address this neglected but crucial part of urban sanitation, the World Bank has developed some tools to diagnose fecal sludge management (FSM) status and to guide decision-making.
These tools don’t provide pre-defined solutions, as the many variables and stakeholders involved demand interventions specific in each city, and should be seen within the context of integrated urban water management.
Link to the FSM Tools website.
Approaches to Capital Financing and Cost Recovery in Sewerage Schemes Implemented in India: Lessons Learned and Approaches for Future Schemes, 2016. Water and Sanitation Program.
This report aims to highlight some of the successful financial management practices adopted by Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in India when implementing sewerage schemes. The findings are presented in two parts – the first part of the report discusses the approach adopted for capital financing of sewerage schemes in the state of Tamil Nadu, and the second part presents the findings from a review of the operational expenditure and revenue generation of various ULBs across the country.
The aim of the report is to share successful capital financing and cost recovery practices adopted by ULBs in India and enable improvement in provisioning of sewerage systems (only where feasible and economically viable, typically only in larger towns with a population greater than 50,000) and ensure availability of sufficient funds for proper Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of the schemes implemented.