Category Archives: Sanitation and Health

2018 studies, reports and news updates on cholera prevention and control

The latest biweekly update contains journal articles, reports, etc. that have been published so far in 2018. Please let us know if you have additional studies and resources that should be added to this list:

OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL ARTICLES

Setting priorities for humanitarian water, sanitation and hygiene research: a meeting report. Conflict and Health, June 15, 2018.
In June 2017, the Research for Health in Humanitarian Crises (R2HC) programme of Elrha, convened a meeting of representatives from international response agencies, research institutions and donor organisations active in the field of humanitarian WASH to identify research priorities, discuss challenges conducting research and to establish next steps. Topics including cholera transmission, menstrual hygiene management, and acute undernutrition were identified as research priorities.

Cholera epidemic in Yemen, 2016–18: an analysis of surveillance data. The Lancet Global Health, June 2018.
Our analysis suggests that the small first cholera epidemic wave seeded cholera across Yemen during the dry season. When the rains returned in April, 2017, they triggered widespread cholera transmission that led to the large second wave. These results suggest that cholera could resurge during the ongoing 2018 rainy season if transmission remains active.

Editorial: No end to cholera without basic water, sanitation and hygiene. WHO Bulletin, May 2018.
A shared vision and unanimous agreement among Member States, partners and donors to prioritize broader social and environmental determinants of health, including water, sanitation and hygiene, is needed to end cholera.

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SuSanA webinar: The Bill Please: Financing O&M, a Global Perspective on June 7, 2018 (13:00 CEST)

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Sanitation for Millions (S4M) programme funded by German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) aims at improving sustainable access to sanitation and the hygiene situation among impoverished and vulnerable populations on a global level. Currently being implemented in Jordan, Pakistan and Uganda, S4M aims at gathering experience and best practices for upscaling und dissemination.

Ensuring sustainable operation and maintenance (O&M) of sanitary facilities in public institutions is one of the core focuses of the S4M programme and poses a serious /difficult challenge until date. For instance increasing vandalism affects the maintenance of sanitary facilities in schools for boys. Sustainable O&M requires planning and budgeting to carry out the necessary tasks. Decisions on who should fund sanitation O&M for public institutions and how, receives far less attention than design and construction activities.

Join us for a webinar on June 7, 2018 at 13:00 hrs (Central European Summer Time/ Berlin Time) with S4M experts in Uganda, Pakistan and Jordan. They will share their experiences with the challenge of sourcing and allocating financial resources to O&M procedures along the whole sanitation chain.

Presenters:
Christian Rieck, GIZ Uganda
Bjoern Lobo Zimprich, GIZ Jordan
Hashim Khan, GIZ Pakistan

Registrations for this webinar is open now.
www.susana.org/en/susana-webinar-the-bill-please

The webinar will take place on Adobe Connect under the following link: seint.adobeconnect.com/seiwebinar/ 

What kind of O&M challenges do you face? Do share with us below.

Recent Ebola research – May 30, 2018 updates

We will periodically update this page with Ebola research studies:

May 30, 2018 Updates 

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Photo from the World Health Organization

A Method to Test the Efficacy of Handwashing for the Removal of Emerging Infectious Pathogens. Marlene K. Wolfe and Daniele S. Lantagne, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, June 2017.

Selection of a Biosafety Level 1 (BSL-1) surrogate to evaluate surface disinfection efficacy in Ebola outbreaks: Comparison of four bacteriophages. PLoS One, May 2017.

Surface Cleaning and Disinfection: Efficacy Assessment of Four Chlorine Types Using Escherichia coli and the Ebola Surrogate Phi6. Environmental Science & Technology, March 2017.

Handwashing and Ebola virus disease outbreaks: A randomized comparison of soap, hand sanitizer, and 0.05% chlorine solutions on the inactivation and removal of model organisms Phi6 and E. coli from hands and persistence in rinse water. PLoS One, February 2017.

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Ebola in the News

This page will feature recent news articles on the Ebola outbreak:

May 29, 2018 Updates

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Photo from the World Health Organization

Children must be at heart of response to Ebola outbreak – Democratic …
4 days ago – Children must be at heart of response to Ebola outbreak News and Press … the risk of transmission in schools, including temperature taking and handwashing.”.

Ebola: How this virus sparked a global health revolution – CNN
3 days ago – “There are two defining epidemics of our time: the AIDS epidemic and Ebola,” said Peter Piot, director at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Past use of disinfectants and PPE for Ebola could inform future …
5 days ago – Data from the 2014 Ebola virus outbreak at two Sierra Leone facilities reveal daily … strictwatersanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and infection prevention control …

Ebola | Ebola virus disease – World Health Organization
3 days ago – Ebola virus disease website: fact sheet, technical guidance, news. … WHO supports Ebolavaccination of high risk populations in the Democratic Republic of the …

What we know about fighting Ebola: A Q&A with expert Dr. Adam …
6 days ago – The global health community is better prepared to face the largest outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease since the 2014-2016 West African epidemic claimed more …

Ebola outbreak in the DR Congo: lessons learned – The Lancet
4 days ago – The Ebola virus outbreak appears to have started in the remote western DR … instructs residents on hand washing as a preventive measure against Ebola in …

Map of the Day: Every Historic Ebola Outbreak in the Democratic …
6 days ago – Today’s map comes from the World Health Organization, which released this graphic to help put into context the current ebola outbreak in the Democratic …

 

 

 

An Examination of CLTS’s Contributions Toward Universal Sanitation

Pleased to share a new report from USAID for dissemination: An Examination of CLTS’s Contributions Toward Universal Sanitation.

This review of scientific and gray literature related to community-led total sanitation (CLTS) assesses the knowledge base on best practices and identifies evidence gaps.  It was prepared for USAID by the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Partnerships and Learning for Sustainability (WASHPaLS) project under Task Order number AID-OAA-TO-16-00016 of the Water and Development Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity Contract (WADI), contract number AID-OAA-I-14-00068.

This review offers a description of the CLTS intervention, tracing its evolution in theory and practice from Southeast Asia to its current place as a global phenomenon, and explores the open defecation free (ODF) concept, analyzing its strengths and weaknesses.

It highlights the disconnect between the independent monitoring and analysis of CLTS program results and internal performance reports released by implementing organizations and their donors. This review also seeks to assess circumstances in which CLTS works best, the most promising implementation modalities, and instances where CLTS may not be suitable.

This literature review was made possible by contributions from Jeff Albert, Valentina Zuin, Rachel Peletz, Caroline Delaire, and Ranjiv Khush (Aquaya Institute); Morris Israel and Jonathan Annis (Tetra Tech); Joe Brown (Georgia Institute of Technology); Marion (Mimi) Jenkins (University of California, Davis); and Aditi Krishna and Hannah Taukobong (Iris Group).

USAID/WASHPaLS grant to test innovative behavior change interventions that reduce exposure to poultry excreta for children

USAID/WASHPaLS is seeking expressions of interest from eligible entities to propose and test innovative behavior change interventions that reduce exposure to poultry excreta for children under 5 years old.

Find additional information and a copy of the solicitation documents here . To apply, download the application here .

For anyone who might have trouble accessing the hyperlinks above, the same information can be accessed on the project homepage .

The full URL is http://www.tetratech.com/en/projects/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-partnerships-and-learning-for-sustainability-washpals

Award winning article on WASH & Nutrition

Each year the publishers of the journal Practical Action Publishing / Waterlines supports an award for the best paper in the previous calendar year.  ACF paper on WASH & Nutrition Causal Analysis (NCA) presenting where WASH sector stands as undernutrition determinant, published in the October 2017 issue, has been selected as the prize-winner for 2017, over the 21 papers published in 2017.

The selection committee noted that the paper addressed an issue of high public health importance (childhood undernutrition) from a multi-sectoral perspective that included but was not confined to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH).

The paper presents a novel mixed methods tool for assessing locally specific causes of undernutrition as a basis for practical recommendations regarding coordinated multi-sectoral interventions.

The selection committee felt that the ACF article reflects this commitment to evidence-based practice in the WASH sector, highlighting its high relevance to practice or policy in the water, sanitation, waste and hygiene sectors in low- and middle-income countries, as well as its high quality.

The paper (online and downloadable pdf) can be found here.  Thanks to share this good news and the paper link with your partners and colleagues.

In line with this global WASH’Nutrition dynamics, ACF is still looking for 20,000 euros to finalise the last 2 modules of the set of 6 elearning modules on how to integrate practically WASH and Nutrition (online open access interactive training, French and English). If you are interested in contributing to the project, even for a smaller amount, and against visibility for your organisation, or if you want to know more about this capacity building project, please contact our colleague Jovana Dodos, the project coordinator: wash1@actioncontrelafaim.org

Dr Jean Lapègue
Référent Secteur Eau Assainissement Hygiène
Direction Scientifique et Technique
Senior Advisor WASH
Scientific and Technical Direction
jlapegue@actioncontrelafaim.org