How stakeholders should work together to end open defecation.
Toilet block in Odisha, India. Photo: Andrea van der Kerk/IRC
Solving rural sanitation problems in India requires the involvement of multiple stakeholders. These include government, programme implementers, financing institutions, entrepreneurs and households. Understanding the roles, strengths and weaknesses of each stakeholder, how they interact and complement each other, is key to achieving India’s ambitious goal of ending open defecation by 2019.
As a follow-up to the Sanitation Innovation Accelerator, IRC, Ennovent and Ecociate Consultants commissioned a study to gain insights in the sanitation market in Bihar and Odisha, two states with relatively low levels of sanitation coverage: 29% and 43% respectively. The study was conducted over a period of 3 months (from January to March 2017) in two rural districts: one with a high population density and situated in a heavy clay silt agricultural plain (Samastipur district, Bihar) and the other with a low population density situated in a sandy tropical coast (Ganjam district, Odisha).
South Asian Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN), a government led biennial convention held on a rotational basis in each SAARC country (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka), provides a platform for interaction on sanitation.
SACOSAN VII will be held on 13-17 February 2018 in Pakistan, hosted by Ministry of Climate Change, Government of Pakistan.
The deadline for registration is 15 December 2017.
Below is an overview of the theme papers and country leads
For more information and updates go to: sacosan.com/
Posted in Campaigns and Events, Policy, Progress on Sanitation, South Asia
Tagged Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, SACOSAN, SACOSAN VII, Sri Lanka
“The ABC of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) improvement in schools” in India by the the Urban Management Centre is a handbook developed under the Ahmedabad Sanitation Action Lab (ASAL), a three year action research program.
The program was specially designed to implement innovative solutions to school WASH problems in identified slum settlements of Ahmedabad. ASAL was led by the Urban Management Centre (UMC) in partnership with Government of Gujarat (GoG) and the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) with support from United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
The handbook is a compilation of the strategies adopted, tools developed and materials used to improve WASH infrastructure in schools. It will be useful for schools as well as NGOs working with schools on water and sanitation. It can be used by any authority whether national, state or city level as a resource for implementation of programs in school at different scales. The handbook can also be used as a reference for policy or decision making as well as elaboration of programs.
Download the publication “The ABC of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) improvement in schools“, September 2017, 54 p.
See the full list of reports, tools, manuals and videos of the Ahmedabad Sanitation Action Lab (ASAL) programme.
State of Urban Water and Sanitation in India. USAID, October 2017.
The State of Urban Water and Sanitation in India report emerges from a three-year (2014-2017) collaborative program funded by the USAID and undertaken by TERI University, Coca-Cola and TERI on ‘Strengthening Water and Sanitation in Urban Settings of India’ and encapsulates the journey India has undertaken in the urban water and sanitation sector.
The report aims to be a comprehensive collection and analysis of past and current policies and programmes and provides insights into the reasons for several gaps that become apparent when the sector is viewed holistically.
- Executive Summary
- Chapter One: Introduction
Section A – Policies
- Chapter Two: Assessment of National-level Policies and Programmes in India’s Urban Water and Sanitation Sectors
- Chapter Three: Regional Assessment of Urban Water and Sanitation Policies and Programmes
Section B – Progress
- Chapter Four: Living Without Sanitation Choices in Urban Slums
- Chapter Five: Analysis of City-level Sanitation Scenario
- Chapter Six: Three Years of Urban Sanitation under Swachh Bharat Mission
- Chapter Seven: The Sanitation Value Chain: Missing Links and the Way Forward for Urban India
Section C – Possible Solutions
- Chapter Eight: The Need of the Hour: Leveraging Corporate Engagement for Urban Sanitation
- Chapter Nine: Drinking Water Supply for Urban Poor: Role of Urban Small Water Enterprises
- Chapter Ten: Financing Options for Urban Sanitation in India
- Chapter Eleven: Recommendations
Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) Immersive Research. CLTS, October 2017.
Praxis, the CLTS Knowledge Hub at the Institute of Development Studies and WaterAid undertook an immersive research project to learn from the experiences of districts that had been declared open defecation free.
The researchers spent three nights and up to four days in each of a total of eight villages in Madhya Pradesh (3), Uttar Pradesh (2) and Rajasthan (3), in districts which had been declared open defecation free (ODF).
They stayed with families without a specific agenda learning open-endedly from lived experience, observation and conversations.
The main report sums up the key findings and suggests ways to strengthen the Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin; the policy and practice note presents actionable recommendations; and the methodology note describes the activities, challenges, lessons learnt and guidance for use of the methodology by others.
Read the complete article.
Despite initial hiccups, Swachh Bharat mission scores on health report card. ThePrint, October 4, 2017.
Narendra Modi participating in a construction of a twin toilet pit in Varanasi on 22 September.| Source: @NarendraModi
Study reveals health indicators for children, women have shown improvement in areas that have become open defecation-free under Swachh Bharat in the past year.
Even as questions are being raised over the Narendra Modi government’s track record of delivering on the Swachh Bharat mission, there is one report card where the PM’s pet project seems to be scoring well — the state of health report.
A study, undertaken by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) on behalf of the drinking water and sanitation ministry to assess the health impact of the Swachh mission in rural areas, reveals that health indicators for children and women have shown considerable improvement in areas that have become open defecation-free (ODF) in the past one year.
The report, accessed by ThePrint, shows that the cases of diarrhoea among children are 46 per cent more in non-ODF areas; there are 78 per cent higher cases of worms in stools of children in non-ODF areas; 58 per cent higher cases of stunting among children and 48 per cent more cases of women with lower body mass index (BMI) than those in non-ODF areas.
The study observes that “becoming ODF had a positive impact on child’s health and nutrition, evident from the fact that the health and nutritional indicators of the children and mothers belonging to the ODF areas were comparatively better than their non-ODF counterparts”.
Read the complete article.