Category Archives: Publications

USAID’s Global Waters – January 2017

USAID’s Global Waters, January 2017 issue. 

Contents

  • A Decade of Improving Lives and Conserving Ecosystems – One of USAID’s longest running public-private partnerships, the Water and Development Alliance with the Coca-Cola Company and its Foundations, successfully addresses global water challenges. globalwaters
  • The Impact of Strategic Water Programming – USAID Global Water Coordinator Christian Holmes reflects on six years of Agency water accomplishments, approaches, and learning.
  • Improving Water Supplies and Sanitation Services in East Africa – PREPARED works with Uganda’s main water utility to increase the resiliency of the country’s water and sanitation services, making it a model for its water-stressed neighbors
  • And more

USAID’s Safeguarding the World’s Water Report, 2017

Safeguarding the World’s Water Report, 2017. USAID.

USAID proudly announces the release of its Safeguarding the World’s Water report for Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, documenting the Agency’s water sector activities and sharing progress made during the second year of implementing its Water and Development Strategysafeguarding_world_water_fy2015_cover_0

Highlights of some programs featured in this year’s report:

USAID reached 3.2 million children under 5 with nutrition-specific interventions in Ethiopia, where 30 percent of the people live on less than $1.25 a day and 40 percent of the children suffer from stunting, as of FY 2015.

By the end of FY 2015, working in 50 cities across Indonesia, USAID helped to facilitate improved access to safe piped water for more than 2.5 million people and continues to help more than 300,000 obtain access to improved sanitation facilities.

By FY 2015, in the West Bank and Gaza, Agency support for the construction and maintenance of vital water and sanitation infrastructure included the installation of 900 kilometers of water pipelines connecting 130,000 Palestinians to running water for the first time and improving access to clean water for more than a million people

2016 WASH articles in Env. Health Perspec. & Trop. Med and Intl Health

Environmental Health Perspectives 2016 – All articles in EHP are open access

Tropical Medicine and International Health – The articles below include open access and subscription only articles

December 2016

August 2016

June 2016

March 2016

January 2016

Open access WASH articles published in 2016

Below are links to 2016 open access WASH articles published in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene astmh_logo

Dynamics and Trends in Fecal Biomarkers of Gut Function in Children from 1–24 Months in the MAL-ED Study Am J Trop Med Hyg 16-0496; Published online December 19, 2016,
Abstract Full Text (PDF)

Adapting and Evaluating a Rapid, Low-Cost Method to Enumerate Flies in the Household Setting Am J Trop Med Hyg 16-0162; Published online December 12, 2016,
Abstract Full Text (PDF)

Effectiveness of Membrane Filtration to Improve Drinking Water: A Quasi-Experimental Study from Rural Southern India Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 95:1192; Published online September 6, 2016,
Abstract Full Text

Assessing Latrine Use in Rural India: A Cross-Sectional Study Comparing Reported Use and Passive Latrine Use Monitors Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 95:720; Published online July 25, 2016,
Abstract Full Text

Subsidized Sachet Water to Reduce Diarrheal Disease in Young Children: A Feasibility Study in Accra, Ghana Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 95:239; Published online May 23, 2016,
Abstract Full Text

Ascaris lumbricoides Infection Following School-Based Deworming in Western Kenya: Assessing the Role of Pupils’ School and Home WaterSanitation, and Hygiene Exposures Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 94:1045; Published online February 22, 2016,
Abstract Full Text

Quantifying Contact with the Environment: Behaviors of Young Children in Accra, Ghana Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 94:920; Published online February 15, 2016,
Abstract Full Text

Population Density, Poor Sanitation, and Enteric Infections in Nueva Santa Rosa, Guatemala Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 94:912; Published online February 8, 2016,
Abstract Full Text

Infant and Young Child Feces Management and Enabling Products for Their Hygienic Collection, Transport, and Disposal in Cambodia Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 94:456; Published online November 23, 2015,
Abstract Full Text

Standard For Decentralised Faecal Sludge Treatment In Developing Countries

Standard For Decentralised Faecal Sludge Treatment In Developing Countries. Water Online, November 8, 2016.

TÜV SÜD has started developing a private technical standard for decentralized treatment plants. The aim is to promote innovations for safe and environmentally friendly sanitation in developing countries. The work is funded by a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

“Our experience proves the value of standards in promoting new technologies”, says Dr Andreas Hauser, Director of Water Services at TÜV SÜD. “Establishing common guidelines is a key step towards fostering next-generation faecal sludge treatment plants as well as engaging commercial interests”. The standard will refer to technologies that can convert waste into beneficial outputs, like electricity, biomass, water for irrigation and ash – in accordance with the resource-oriented sanitation approach.

They are operated on a commercial basis and serve up to 10.000-100.000 people improving hygiene, living conditions and creating economic opportunities. For them to become accepted and adopted essential criteria need to be met concerning for example functional safety, treatment performance, occupational health or emission values.

The private technical standard is to define these criteria. It is a follow-on project within the Gates Foundation’s Omni-Processor program. Beginning in November 2015 TÜV SÜD has been examining and evaluating the various requirements and possibly relevant standards for decentralized, community scale faecal sludge treatment solutions.

Developing a standard now takes this work to a new level. Dr Andreas Hauser: “A private technical standard for decentralized faecal sludge treatment plants will benefit the entire value chain towards a resource-oriented sanitation approach.”

Read the complete article.

Understanding ‘slippage’

As sanitation and hygiene programmes mature, the challenge shifts from helping communities achieve open defecation free (ODF) status to sustaining this status. In this context, many programmes are confronted with ‘slippage’ – the return to previous unhygienic behaviours, or the inability of some or all community members to continue to meet all ODF criteria. How should slippage be understood and addressed? A new report – primarily based on experiences from the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF)-supported programme in Madagascar, provides comprehensive insights.

Download the complete paper or read the feature article below.

feature-photo-reflection-paper-understanging-slippage

Eugène de Ligori Rasamoelina, Executive Director of the Malagasy NGO Miarantsoa, triggers commune leaders. Miarantsoa pioneered Follow-up MANDONA, a proven approach for mitigating slippage. Photo: WSSCC/Carolien van der Voorden

Slippage is intricate because it is hinged on the philosophy and complexity of behaviour change. Moreover, the definition of slippage is linked to the definition of ODF in a given country. The more demanding the ODF criteria are, the more slippage one can potentially experience.

Continue reading

Global Waters, October 2016 – USAID

Below are links to articles in the October 2016 issue of USAID’s Global Waters: handwashing