Category Archives: Research

Recent WASH research and news

USAID Reports

RESILIENCY IN NORTHERN GHANA (RING) QUARTERLY REPORT FY 2018 Q2 (January 1, 2018 – March 31, 2018). USAID, April 2018. To support improved sanitation in a sustainable manner, RING continued to promote the scale up of the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) activity, triggering 106 new communities during the quarter and supporting 21 communities to reach open defecation free (ODF) status, bringing the cumulative number of ODF communities over the life of project (LOP) to 322, or 82% of the RING Project target.

CLIMATE CHANGE AND HEALTH IN MOZAMBIQUE IMPACTS ON DIARRHEAL DISEASE AND MALARIA. USAID, March 2018. The burden of diarrheal disease varies regionally within Mozambique: The northern and central regions exhibit strong seasonality of disease outbreaks. Disease burden is about 15 to 20 cases per 100 people per week.

Philippines – National Demographic and Health Survey 2017: Key Indicators. DHS, February 2018. Three-quarters of Filipino households (76%) use improved sanitation facilities (Table 3.1), which are defined as non-shared facilities that prevent people from coming into contact with human waste and thus reduce the transmission of cholera, typhoid, and other diseases.

Upcoming Events

Sustainable Water, Resilient Communities: The Challenge of Erratic Water – May 30, 2018, Winrock, Sustainable Water Partnership, USAID. In the fourth and final event of the “Sustainable Water, Resilient Communities” series, experts will discuss urban watersheds, transboundary water management, water-driven security risks, and the governance of water access and availability amid an increasingly uncertain future.

Regional Conference on Reducing Gender Inequalities in the WASH sector – On 18 and 19 June 2018, the regional conference on reducing gender inequalities in the WASH sector in West and Central Africa will take place in Dakar (Senegal).

Open Access Journal Articles

Who is being left behind? An analysis of improved drinking water and basic sanitation access in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta. Jnl WASH Dev., May 2018.

Indigenous plants for informal greywater treatment and reuse by some households in Ghana. Journal of Water Reuse and Desalination | in press | 2018.

What is the impact of water sanitation and hygiene in healthcare facilities on care seeking behaviour and patient satisfaction? A systematic review of the evidence from low-income and middle income countries. BMJ Global Health March 2018.

Open Access Reports/Webcasts

Aligning Institutions and Incentives for Sustainable Water Supply and Sanitation Services. World Bank, May 2018. New thinking that draws not only infrastructure economics but also on the understanding of political, behavioral, and institutional economics is needed.

Incentives for Improving Water Supply and Sanitation Service Delivery : A South American Perspective. World Bank, May 2018.

Promoting Development in Shared River Basins: Case Studies from International Experience. World Bank, 2018. This report presents six case studies of international experience on coordinated basin management in transboundary river basins.

May 17, 2018 – Vector-Borne and Water-Related Disease Workshop – Participants will get a broader understanding about the availability and accessibility of NASA EOS data to enhance the prediction and response to vector-borne and water-related disease

Journals – Abstracts/Order

The water diary method – proof-of-concept and policy implications for monitoring water use behaviour in rural Kenya. Water Policy, April 2018.

News Articles

Water shortages to be key environmental challenge of the century, Nasa warns. The Guardian, May 16.

20 Water-Stressed Countries Have Most Solar & Wind Potential. IPS News, May 11.

GLOBAL WATER PATHOGENS PROJECT AWARDED $1.6 MILLION FOR RESEARCH. MSU, May 14.

UVA ENGINEERS QUADRUPLE PERFORMANCE OF THEIR WATER PURIFICATION TABLET. UVA Today, May 16.

Recent WASH research on latrine perfumes, MHM, and other topics

Open Access Journal Articles

Simulating latrine conditions to assess perfume performance against malodour. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, April 2018.

Improving menstrual hygiene management in emergency contexts: literature review of current perspectivesInternational Journal of Women’s Health, April 10, 2018. Authors: Crystal VanLeeuwen, Belen Torondel.

Transgender-inclusive sanitation: insights from South Asia. Waterlines, April 2018.

Developing the UNICEF Malawi School Handwashing Program. Social Marketing Quarterly, April 2018.

Locally produced hydrogen sulphide detecting water quality test kits increase household level monitoring in rural Tanzania. Journal of Water and Health, April 2018.

Open Access Reports

Menstrual hygiene management in schools in South Asia: Nepal. WaterAid.

Recorded Webinars

USAID Webinar on Women in Waste Management: An Opportunity – Women in Asia play a central role in environmental management, yet their work in the sector is often unpaid or underpaid. This webinar discusses constraints for women’s empowerment and job creation in the solid waste management sector.

From the SHARE 2018 Spring Newsletter

Engaging Participants in Community-based Research – Policy Brief – SHARE, WASHTED and other WASH and health research partners collaborated to explore issues of trust around community-based research through a community dialogue event in Chikwawa, Southern Malawi. This policy brief outlines key recommendations provided by participants to improve community engagement. The brief is aimed at researchers, research institutions and policymakers.

Researcher’s Guide to Good Practice in Community Health Research – Following a community engagement event in southern rural Malawi, SHARE and a number of collaborating organisations produced a researcher’s guide to good practice in community health research. The booklet outlines the steps researchers should follow when working with communities, from obtaining appropriate permissions to contacting households and collecting data.

Safe Start – Formative Research Brief – This briefing note provides an overview of the formative research conducted for the Safe Start project in Kenya. The brief highlights results from the formative work, and provides key learnings that will inform the main intervention.

USAID/WASHPaLS grant to test innovative behavior change interventions that reduce exposure to poultry excreta for children

USAID/WASHPaLS is seeking expressions of interest from eligible entities to propose and test innovative behavior change interventions that reduce exposure to poultry excreta for children under 5 years old.

Find additional information and a copy of the solicitation documents here . To apply, download the application here .

For anyone who might have trouble accessing the hyperlinks above, the same information can be accessed on the project homepage .

The full URL is http://www.tetratech.com/en/projects/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-partnerships-and-learning-for-sustainability-washpals

Recent USAID webinars, new World Bank reports, recent WASH research

USAID WEBINARS

Link to Sanitation Working Group webinar on Learning from Market-based Sanitation at Scale. USAID Sanitation Working Group, April 2018.

Watershed Moments in the Mara: New Beginnings in Transboundary Water Cooperation. USAID Sustainable Water Partnership, April 17.

OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL ARTICLES

Review Paper: A systematic assessment of the pro-poor reach of development bank investments in urban sanitation. The paper concludes by arguing that, despite progress, development banks should be even more ambitious in seeking to support pro-poor urban sanitation investment.

The impact of school water, sanitation, and hygiene improvements on infectious disease using serum antibody detection. PLoS NTDs, April 16.

Factors explaining household payment for potable water in South Africa. Cogent Social Science, 2018.

Household water treatment and the nutritional status of primary-aged children in India: findings from the India human development survey. Globalization and Health, April 2018. This study indicates that HWT has the potential to advance the nutritional status of primary school-aged children in India.

REPORTS

Water Scarce Cities: Thriving in a Finite World. World Bank, April 2018. The report is an advocacy piece to raise awareness around the need to shift the typical way urban water has been managed and to share emerging principles and solutions that may improve urban water supply security in water scarce cities.

Promoting Development in Shared River Basins: Case Studies from International Experience. World Bank, March 2018.

Integrating Citizen Engagement in Program Design Egypt’s Sustainable Rural Sanitation Services Program Experience. World Bank, April 2018. This approach gives citizens a stake in decision-making to improve the intermediate and final development outcomes. Evidence suggests that engaging citizens can improve accessibility, coverage and quality of service delivery.

Livestock Wastes: Agricultural Pollution. World Bank, March 2018.

NEWS ITEMS

Toward a new water paradigm. Eureka Alert, April 19. The Conrad N. Hilton Foundation recently awarded a four-year $1.9 million grant to Stanford’s Program on Water, Health & Development.

How to profit from biowaste

How to profit from biowaste. Phys.org, April 16, 2018.

ETH Zurich and Eawag researchers are developing a method to produce animal feed from biowaste products. This is one of 14 projects in the Engineering for Development programme funded by the Sawiris Foundation over the past decade and entering its next 5-year cycle.

The United Nations anticipates a world population growth of approximately one billion people in the coming decade. “With such an accelerated growth in human population, how do we manage large amounts of , especially in urban areas of developing countries that suffer from poor public and environmental health?” asks Moritz Gold, doctoral student in the group of ETH Zurich professor Alexander Mathys.

Gold’s interests lie in novel systems for waste management and using waste as a sustainable resource for urban development. In his research, he focuses on the use of biowaste as a raw material for propagating the Black Soldier fly (Hermetia illucens). The  of the fly not only breaks down waste material into compost, but can also be used as an .

Read the complete article.

eawag

Dried black soldier fly larvae are a raw material for animal feed production. Credit: Eawag

USAID Webinar – Toward a Hygienic Environment for Infants and Young Children: A Review

Toward a Hygienic Environment for Infants and Young Children: A Review

This United States Agency for International development (USAID) webinar to discusses findings from the recent report, “Toward a Hygienic Environment for Infants and Young Children: A Review of the Literature.”

washpals

USAID recently completed this review of the scientific and grey literature to capture the state of knowledge of the health risks to infants and young children from fecal exposure in their home environments, focusing on historically underemphasized sources and transmission pathways not disrupted by the traditional suite of WASH measures.

The review is complemented by an array of interviews with researchers and practitioners and includes two central findings: (1) domestic animal excreta may be a significant source of risk; and (2) direct ingestion of pathogens via eating feces, dirt (geophagy) and/or mouthing behaviors represent important paths of transmission. Technological and behavioral measures that reduce exposure to excreta in play spaces are of growing interest for the protection of infant and child health.

In this webinar, Julia Rosenbaum, along with Francis Ngure and Jeff Albert will present highlights from the desk review, share key lessons for implementers, and share the project’s next steps in this area.

Learn more about the literature review: http://www.tetratech.com/en/documents/toward-a-hygienic-environment-for-infants-and-young-children-a-review-of-the-literature

Recent WASH updates from the Philippines, Bangladesh, the Middle East

USAID WASH REPORTS FROM THE DEVELOPMENT EXPERIENCE CLEARINGHOUSE

OPEN ACCESS REPORTS

OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL ARTICLES

JOURNAL ARTICLES – ABSTRACT/ORDER

BLOG POSTS

BOOKS