Category Archives: Research

Recent USAID webinars, new World Bank reports, recent WASH research

USAID WEBINARS

Link to Sanitation Working Group webinar on Learning from Market-based Sanitation at Scale. USAID Sanitation Working Group, April 2018.

Watershed Moments in the Mara: New Beginnings in Transboundary Water Cooperation. USAID Sustainable Water Partnership, April 17.

OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL ARTICLES

Review Paper: A systematic assessment of the pro-poor reach of development bank investments in urban sanitation. The paper concludes by arguing that, despite progress, development banks should be even more ambitious in seeking to support pro-poor urban sanitation investment.

The impact of school water, sanitation, and hygiene improvements on infectious disease using serum antibody detection. PLoS NTDs, April 16.

Factors explaining household payment for potable water in South Africa. Cogent Social Science, 2018.

Household water treatment and the nutritional status of primary-aged children in India: findings from the India human development survey. Globalization and Health, April 2018. This study indicates that HWT has the potential to advance the nutritional status of primary school-aged children in India.

REPORTS

Water Scarce Cities: Thriving in a Finite World. World Bank, April 2018. The report is an advocacy piece to raise awareness around the need to shift the typical way urban water has been managed and to share emerging principles and solutions that may improve urban water supply security in water scarce cities.

Promoting Development in Shared River Basins: Case Studies from International Experience. World Bank, March 2018.

Integrating Citizen Engagement in Program Design Egypt’s Sustainable Rural Sanitation Services Program Experience. World Bank, April 2018. This approach gives citizens a stake in decision-making to improve the intermediate and final development outcomes. Evidence suggests that engaging citizens can improve accessibility, coverage and quality of service delivery.

Livestock Wastes: Agricultural Pollution. World Bank, March 2018.

NEWS ITEMS

Toward a new water paradigm. Eureka Alert, April 19. The Conrad N. Hilton Foundation recently awarded a four-year $1.9 million grant to Stanford’s Program on Water, Health & Development.

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How to profit from biowaste

How to profit from biowaste. Phys.org, April 16, 2018.

ETH Zurich and Eawag researchers are developing a method to produce animal feed from biowaste products. This is one of 14 projects in the Engineering for Development programme funded by the Sawiris Foundation over the past decade and entering its next 5-year cycle.

The United Nations anticipates a world population growth of approximately one billion people in the coming decade. “With such an accelerated growth in human population, how do we manage large amounts of , especially in urban areas of developing countries that suffer from poor public and environmental health?” asks Moritz Gold, doctoral student in the group of ETH Zurich professor Alexander Mathys.

Gold’s interests lie in novel systems for waste management and using waste as a sustainable resource for urban development. In his research, he focuses on the use of biowaste as a raw material for propagating the Black Soldier fly (Hermetia illucens). The  of the fly not only breaks down waste material into compost, but can also be used as an .

Read the complete article.

eawag

Dried black soldier fly larvae are a raw material for animal feed production. Credit: Eawag

USAID Webinar – Toward a Hygienic Environment for Infants and Young Children: A Review

Toward a Hygienic Environment for Infants and Young Children: A Review

This United States Agency for International development (USAID) webinar to discusses findings from the recent report, “Toward a Hygienic Environment for Infants and Young Children: A Review of the Literature.”

washpals

USAID recently completed this review of the scientific and grey literature to capture the state of knowledge of the health risks to infants and young children from fecal exposure in their home environments, focusing on historically underemphasized sources and transmission pathways not disrupted by the traditional suite of WASH measures.

The review is complemented by an array of interviews with researchers and practitioners and includes two central findings: (1) domestic animal excreta may be a significant source of risk; and (2) direct ingestion of pathogens via eating feces, dirt (geophagy) and/or mouthing behaviors represent important paths of transmission. Technological and behavioral measures that reduce exposure to excreta in play spaces are of growing interest for the protection of infant and child health.

In this webinar, Julia Rosenbaum, along with Francis Ngure and Jeff Albert will present highlights from the desk review, share key lessons for implementers, and share the project’s next steps in this area.

Learn more about the literature review: http://www.tetratech.com/en/documents/toward-a-hygienic-environment-for-infants-and-young-children-a-review-of-the-literature

Recent WASH updates from the Philippines, Bangladesh, the Middle East

USAID WASH REPORTS FROM THE DEVELOPMENT EXPERIENCE CLEARINGHOUSE

OPEN ACCESS REPORTS

OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL ARTICLES

JOURNAL ARTICLES – ABSTRACT/ORDER

BLOG POSTS

BOOKS

 

WASHPaLS Webinar: Toward a Hygienic Environment for Infants and Young Children

The USAID Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Partnerships and Learning for Sustainability (WASHPaLS) project is holding a webinar to discuss the findings of Toward a Hygienic Environment for Infants and Young Children: A Review of the Literature. The presentation will share highlights from the desk review, key lessons for implementers, and the project’s next steps in this area.

washpals

This recently completed review of the scientific and grey literature to capture the state of knowledge of the health risks to infants and young children from fecal exposure in their home environments focuses on historically underemphasized sources and transmission pathways not disrupted by the traditional suite of WASH measures. Download the review

Presenters: 

  • Julia Rosenbaum, Senior Behavior Change Specialist, WASHPaLS Project
  • Francis Ngure, Research Advisor, WASHPaLS Project
  • Jeff Albert, Deputy Director, WASHPaLS Project

Recent WASH research/blogs on WASH systems, public latrines, WASH in schools

In addition to the studies and reports listed below the Globalwaters.org website has a new blog post, Live Stream: U.S. Global Water Strategy Workshop and a new website feature, USAID in the News.

BLOG POSTS

OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL ARTICLES

REPORTS

WEBINARS

 

New call for tenders – WSUP

Strengthening public finance for urban sanitation services in Mozambique

Background:
It is estimated that poor sanitation costs Maputo’s residents over US$ 7.4 million annually as a result of access time lost, premature deaths, productivity losses due to sickness, and health care costs. The majority of the population relies on on-site sanitation, 28% on septic tanks, and 28% on improved latrines. Many of these systems are emptied by mechanical and manual private operators paid for by households themselves, the total value of which is unknown but thought to be significant. The remainder of the population, over 30%, have access to a non-improved latrine. It is this latter section of population that is most negatively and disproportionally impacted by poor sanitation.

In December 2016, a new sanitation surcharge was approved by CMM (Municipal Council of Maputo), with plans for implementation in 2017. WSUP intends to support CMM in the implementation of the surcharge and introduction of eligible sanitation services. CRA (Conselho de Regulação de Águas, the national water and sanitation regulator) and WSUP intend to undertake a 6 month research project to capture learning from the implementation of previous activities in Maputo, and the replication by CRA in Beira and Quelimane. This includes a documentation of the process, an assessment of the sanitation surcharge, regulatory framework agreement and compliance with the agreement (transfers and investments).

Consultancy objective:
The overall objective of this consultancy is to strengthen CRA’s capacity to more effectively and equitably mobilise public finance into urban sanitation services in Mozambique. More specifically, the objectives are:

1. adapt tools and strengthen capacity to model financial cost of delivering sanitation services in urban centres of Mozambique, and
2. strengthen CRA’s regulatory mechanisms, tools and oversight to ensure more effective and equitable sanitation service delivery in Mozambique.

Details:
Bids due: Before 23:59 (GMT +2) on 22nd March 2018
Location: Desk and Mozambique
Start date of consultancy: 30th March 2018
End date of consultancy: 18th September 2018

More information and details of how to apply can be accessed on the WSUP website (‘Current research calls’).