Category Archives: Uncategorized

A Third Of Hospitals In Developing Nations Don’t Have Clean Water

A Third Of Hospitals In Developing Nations Don’t Have Clean Water: Study | Source: Huffington Post, June 23, 2016 |

Doctors often operate with dirty instruments because they have no other choice

At least a third of hospitals in developing nations do not have clean running water, a study has found, leading to unsanitary conditions and further spread of disease in drought-hit areas.


YIDA REFUGEE CAMP, SOUTH SUDAN – JToto Kafi, 2 years, lays in a hospital bed suffering from painful skin infections and malnourishment at the MSF ( Medecins Sans Frontieres ) hospital inside the Yida refugee camp. (Photo by Paula Bronstein/Getty Images)

The study examined 430 hospitals in developing countries and found that one third of clinics did not have a reliable source of clean water to perform surgical operations.

Water availability ranged from 20 percent in Sierra Leone and Liberia to more than 90 percent in India, Malaysia and Guinea, according to the report, which used World Bank data and analysed previous studies between 2009 and 2015.

“Running water is something we take for granted and it doesn’t exist in a third of hospitals in these countries,” said Adam Kushner, lead author of the study, published in the Journal of Surgical Research.

“Instead of water just being there, some hospitals truck in water or collect it in rain barrels, with no guarantee of its cleanliness,” said Kushner, an adjunct professor at Johns Hopkins University who is also a surgeon.

Every year, half a million babies die before they are one-month-old due to a lack of clean water and safe sanitation in hospitals, according to a 2015 report by sanitation charity WaterAid and the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Read the complete article.

Peeing in public still a concern, Modi seeks changes in Swachh Bharat campaign

Peeing in public still a concern, Modi seeks changes in Swachh Bharat campaign | Source: Hindustan Times, June 23 2016 |

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has spotted a gap in his Swachh Bharat campaign: the grotesque but common sight of men urinating in public places.


The PM’s point was that the earlier tagline – “Making Cities Open Defecation Free” – did not adequately reflect the challenge of public urination across the country. (HT file photo)

Modi has told the Union urban development (UD) ministry to ensure that the government’s outreach doesn’t just focus on open defecation in cities but target urination in public places as well. As the first step, the PM has asked the ministry to change the nomenclature of the campaign’s tagline. In line with the PM’s directive following a meeting on June 1 to review the progress of Swachh Bharat Mission, the ministry has set the ball rolling to call its campaign “Open Urination and Defecation Free Cities by 2019”.

The PM’s point, a senior government official who attended the meeting said, was that the earlier tagline – “Making Cities Open Defecation Free” – did not adequately reflect the challenge of public urination across the country.

Read the complete article.

Global Water Pathogen Project (GWPP)

Global Water Pathogen Project (GWPP)

To improve sustainable access to basic sanitation and safe  drinking water, GWPP will update knowledge on water pathogens using advanced information technologies by publishing and disseminating a state-of-the-art reference resource on water-related disease risks and intervention measures (replacing Sanitation and Disease Health Aspects of Excreta and Wastewater Management by Feachem, Bradley, Garelick and Mara. 1983) and create an online open-access data base and knowledge platform.

GWPP will provide an updated review of the efficacy of sanitation technologies and serve as a compendium of waterborne pathogen information and quantitative data to support risk assessment to protect water safety.  Work will also be conducted with the World Health Organization to support its Sanitation Guidelines.

The Guardian – Can mapping faecal flows cut the crap in developing cities?

Can mapping faecal flows cut the crap in developing cities? | Source: The Guardian, June 16, 2016 |

Human waste often ends up in drains, rivers, fields and on beaches, but fast growing cities can use data grabs to improve their sanitation conditions

Rapid urbanisation in many parts of the developing world is putting an increasing strain on the ability of cities to deliver critical services such as water and sanitation. More than half of the world’s population – 54% – live in urban areas and some 700 million of them do not use an improved sanitation facility, where human waste is separated from human contact.


Children fish on a river bank in one of downtown Jakarta’s slum areas next to public toilets. Photograph: Bay Ismoyo/AFP/Getty Images

But even where there are such facilities, this does not necessarily translate into environmentally safe practices. More than two billion people in urban areas use toilets connected to septic tanks or latrine pits that are not safely emptied or that discharge raw sewage into open drains or surface waters. With another 2.5 billion people expected to live in cities by 2050, authorities urgently need to keep up with the growing urban population, ensure equitable access to improved sanitation, and safeguard the appropriate and environmentally-safe management of human waste.

Believe it or not, mapping the journey of faecal waste is an important part of the solution. IRC’s new sanitation assessment tool offers a simple representation of the volumes of sludge safely (and unsafely) dealt with at each stage of the sanitation chain, allowing city planners to determine where the biggest losses are and where to focus their (often limited) budgets.

Although tools to assess faecal sludge management (FSM) do already exist, they are either not able to include qualitative information or the scorecards they provide do not give adequate explanations for a bad score, nor do they provide actual volumes, which makes it difficult to translate the results into action. IRC’s tool, however, analyses the availability and enforcement of policy and legislation, and the presence of and adherence to health and safety through specific scorecards.

Read the complete article.

An Innovative Solution To Menstrual Hygiene In Developing Countries

An Innovative Solution To Menstrual Hygiene In Developing Countries | Source: Co.Design, June 2016 |

Meet Flo, an affordable, modular “period kit” that allows girls in impoverished countries to wash, dry, and store their reusable sanitary pads. 3050139-slide-s-3-a-device-that-makes-menstruation-safer

In underdeveloped countries where periods are stigmatized, adolescent girls have a lot more to deal with each month than physical discomfort and hormones. Pads and tampons aren’t always available in rural areas, and when they are they’re expensive. Reusable pads help solve some of the problem, but keeping them clean is tough when girls have to hide their period from others.

It’s that last problem that a group of students from the Art Center College of Design in California and Yale Business School set out to solve with Flo, a kit for washing, drying, and storing sanitary pads. It includes a detachable device using for spinning the pad dry and hanging it up in privacy, as well as a pouch for transporting.

Read the complete article.

SuSanA monthly webinar 3: Of Faeces and Icebergs – Sanitation, Organizational Neurosis and Change, Wednesday June 22th 2016, 9:00 EDT (New York time)

Please join us for a webinar titled ‘Of Faeces and Icebergs – Sanitation, Organizational Neurosis and Change’ scheduled for Wednesday June 22th 2016 at 9:00 EDT (New York time)/15.00 CET. This is the third webinar in a monthly recurring series on SuSanA.

The presentation will aim to sensitize water and sanitation sector professionals (managers, consultants and scientists alike) for the need to deal in a meaningful way with what is perceived as “resistance to change” in order to sustainably strengthen actors’ capacity to adapt to challenges emerging from their environment. Linking the dimensions of the individual, the organization and society at large, it puts for-ward an approach of “organizational therapy” geared towards raising awareness and mobilizing organizations’ own potentials for overcoming their limitations. Organized around the originally Freudian concept of “introjection” as its central topos, the presentation offers behavioural sciences, anthropological and psychotherapeutic evidence to give the approach a firm methodological grounding.

Presenter: Thomas Rieger – Como Consult

Thomas Rieger is an Organization Development consultant affiliated to Como Consult in Hamburg, Germany. He specializes in accompanying complex change processes in public administration, private business and NGOs.

The webinar will last approximately 45 minutes including a presentation followed by an open discussion with webinar participants.

We will also open the session 30 minutes beforehand for a low-key ‘mingle’ among participants, where you can use your computer video or microphone.

The webinar is being hosted by Stockholm Environment Institute and the SuSanA secretariat as part of a grant to SEI funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

9:00 New York/Washington DC
14:00 London
15:00 Stockholm
16:00 Nairobi
20:00 Hanoi
23:00 Sydney

To register please follow this link:

Link for the webinar:

Log-on password: webinar2016

Global Sanitation Fund reports advances in sanitation and hygiene for communities across 13 countries

People-centred, nationally-led programmes empower millions to end open defecation and enhance sanitation

Geneva, 14 June 2016 – A new report shows that the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) has supported governments and thousands of partners across 13 countries to enable close to 11 million people to end open defecation.

Nigeria - CLTS triggering

The Global Sanitation Fund supports Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), which ignites change in sanitation and hygiene behaviour within whole communities, rather than constructing toilets through subsidies. In this photo, local women are engaged in a CLTS triggering session facilitated by the GSF-supported programme in Obanliku, Nigeria. Photo: Concern Universal/Jason Florio

Strong results achieved by GSF-supported national programmes are enhancing the GSF’s goal of contributing to universal access to sustainable and equitable sanitation and hygiene across these countries.

The results are published in the GSF’s latest Progress Report, highlighting cumulative results achieved from the start of the Fund to the end of 2015, as well as results and activities during 2015. From the establishment of the GSF in 2008 up until December 2015, GSF-supported programmes have enabled:

  • 10.87 million people in more than 47,000 communities to live in open defecation free (ODF) environments, an increase of nearly 4 million since 2014
  • 6.62 million to access improved toilets, an increase of over 2 million since 2014
  • 15.69 million to access handwashing facilities, an increase of nearly 8 million since 2014

These results represent achievements within targeted communities in need. With these achievements, GSF-supported programmes aim to demonstrate to national governments and other stakeholders that it is possible to achieve large-scale, nationally-owned results in a sustainable and cost-effective manner. In addition, the GSF model can be replicated and scaled up to achieve nationwide coverage, as envisioned in national sanitation strategies and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


Among the many dimensions of the GSF are: triggering leaders at the highest level of government; enabling the most vulnerable to improve their sanitation; addressing the needs of women and girls; igniting large-scale change in communities through CLTS; and promoting handwashing to prevent diseases and save lives. Credit: WSSCC

Boosting national efforts to achieve sustainable sanitation and hygiene for all

The report shows that in 2015, progress went beyond the numbers. Furthermore, the report presents the human aspect of the GSF – the diverse people and partners that are central to the Fund’s impact across Africa and Asia.

GSF-supported programmes in Benin, Madagascar, Nigeria, Togo and Uganda worked with in-country partners to accelerate the development of national sanitation and ODF strategies. In addition, significant progress was made in better addressing challenges related to sustaining ODF status and behaviour change, in-country innovations were developed and scaled up, and many programmes enhanced their implementation through national and international learning exchanges.

Following the devastating earthquake in Nepal, reprogramming of a portion of the GSF-supported programme’s funds enabled support to a coordinated national response. A ‘revive your toilet’ campaign in the three worst-affected GSF-supported districts mobilized volunteers to restore damaged latrines.

“The significant progress reported by the GSF shows that the Fund is strongly placed to contribute to several Sustainable Development Goals,” said Chris Williams, Executive Director of WSSCC. “The GSF is most strongly placed to help nations address the second target of Goal 6: achieving universal access to equitable sanitation and hygiene and ending open defecation, while focusing on the needs of women, girls and the most vulnerable. All of these aspects are central to the GSF’s work.”

Why sanitation and hygiene?

Adequate water and sanitation is both a human right and daily need for everyone. Despite this, improving sanitation and hygiene remains a challenge for 2.4 billion people, about a third of the world’s population. Poor sanitation and hygiene is linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera and diarrhoea, the latter of which is among the leading causes of death worldwide. The World Bank has also estimated that poor sanitation costs countries approximately $260 billion annually. Improved sanitation can prevent a significant amount of diseases, improve dignity and safety, and boost school attendance, particularly among girls. Furthermore, a WHO study calculated that for every $1 invested in sanitation, there was a return of $5.50 in lower health costs, more productivity and fewer premature deaths.

The GSF was established in 2008 by the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) to help address the global sanitation and hygiene crisis. WSSCC is legally and administratively hosted by the United Nations Office for Project Services and chaired by Amina J. Mohammed, Nigeria’s Environment Minister and the former Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on Post-2015 Development Planning.

The GSF’s impact

The GSF is the only global fund solely dedicated to sanitation and hygiene, supporting national sanitation programmes that are community-based and government-supported. Across these countries, diverse networks of stakeholders include households, communities, natural leaders, national coalitions, local governments, community organizations and champions, NGOs, academic institutions and local entrepreneurs. These stakeholders form vibrant movements, working together to create the conditions for millions of people in their countries, and tens of millions across the globe, to enhance their sanitation and hygiene.

Monitoring, verifying and reporting on sanitation improvement is central to GSF-supported programmes. The GSF continues to support the enhancement of national and global monitoring and verification systems, to ensure sustainable development objectives are achieved and no one is left behind. Credit: WSSCC/Javier Acebal

Monitoring, verifying and reporting on sanitation improvement is central to GSF-supported programmes. The GSF continues to support the enhancement of national and global monitoring and verification systems, to ensure sustainable development objectives are achieved and no one is left behind. Credit: WSSCC/Javier Acebal

The GSF‘s people-centered approach engages households in thousands of villages, enabling people to make informed decisions about their sanitation and hygiene behaviour that can positively impact their health, education, income, productivity and dignity.

“As highlighted in the report, the GSF is well positioned to play a central role in supporting global investment needs for sanitation and hygiene,” said David Shimkus, the GSF’s Programme Director. “As a multi-donor trust fund, the GSF over the next 15 years will build upon the knowledge and experience gained to further accelerate access to sanitation for tens of millions of people. Efforts will be made to boost the capacity, innovation and results of country programmes, as well as to further strengthen monitoring, evaluation and learning systems.”

The Governments of Australia, Finland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom have contributed to the GSF since its establishment in 2008. Over $112 million has been committed across 13 countries.

Download the 2015 Progress Report on the WSSCC website to read more about the GSF’s results, impact and activities.