After Hyderabad, drug-resistant typhoid emerges in Karachi

After Hyderabad, drug-resistant typhoid emerges in Karachi. The International News, February 8, 2018.

Following two sub-districts of Hyderabad, drug-resistant typhoid in children has emerged in Karachi where cases of patients not responding to antibiotics commonly used to treat the enteric fever have been reported, leading gastroenterologists and paediatricians have told The News. pakistan


To a query, Dr Memon said sewage-mixed water was the main cause of typhoid among people in Karachi but added that people were becoming resistant to third-generation antibiotics because of overuse of antibiotics, which were being prescribed by doctors and consumed by the patients as if they were food.

Read the complete article.

Planning & Design of Sanitation Systems and Technologies – EAWAG

This is the trailer of the revamped Sanitation-MOOC, which is continuously running on Coursera. Please sign up for the course here: ENGLISH course with SPANISH and HINDI subtitles: ; FRENCH course: .

In this YouTube-channel there is a playlist with all course videos in English and a second playlist with all course videos in French. In the course you can learn more about how to plan for urban sanitation at city and local/community levels, different sanitation system and technology configurations and examples of successful and failed urban sanitation systems in low- and middle-income countries.

Shit-Flow Diagrams – EAWAG

Planning & Design of Sanitation Systems and Technologies, Published on Dec 22, 2016

Bollywood’s ‘menstrual man’ movie targets Indian taboo

Bollywood’s ‘menstrual man’ movie targets Indian taboo. Asia Pacific News, February 7, 2018.

MUMBAI: A Bollywood movie about an inventor who created a revolutionary machine that makes cheap sanitary pads hits screens this week, challenging taboos surrounding menstruation in socially conservative India.


Indian actor Akshay Kumar stars in ‘Pad Man’, a Bollywood movie about an inventor who created a revolutionary machine that makes cheap sanitary pads. (Photo: AFP/Sam Panthaky)

Arunachalam Muruganantham is nicknamed India’s “menstrual man” for transforming the lives of poor women forced to use items like old rags, sand and leaves during their periods.

He has been lauded by India’s government and is now getting the star treatment with Bollywood A-lister Akshay Kumar portraying him in “Pad Man”, releasing on Friday (Feb 9).

It is the latest socially conscious movie to come out of a film industry known more for producing complex love stories featuring handsome heroes and elaborate dance routines.

Read the complete article.

Water Conflict – Water Currents, February 6, 2018

Water Conflict – Water Currents, February 6, 2018.

Competition and conflict over water resources extends back thousands of years. Water is a fundamental and irreplaceable resource in all societies. Therefore, it is not surprising that water management is complex and that water-related interests are frequently contested. The risk of water-related violence and conflict is growing, as scarce water resources face ever-increasing pressures from growing populations and environmental degradation.


Community members in Mayendit County, South Sudan, use their new borehole, which they manually drilled with support from the USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. Photo credit: Samaritan’s Purse

This issue contains open access articles and reports from 2017, as well as several news articles on water, conflict, and peace building published so far in 2018. Also included are selected USAID resources on water-related conflict.

We are always looking for ideas and suggestions to make Water Currents more useful and relevant, so we would appreciate your responses to this brief survey before it closes. The last day to respond is February 12, 2018.

Looking for a back issue of Water Currents? Check out the archive on

Water, Conflict and Peacebuilding – Overviews 
A Matter of Survival: Learning to Cooperate Over WaterWilson Center, January 16, 2018. Members of the Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace, convened by a coalition of 15 countries, share their insights on water and peace in this panel discussion video. The panel also developed a set of recommendations designed to prevent water-related conflicts.

The Water Conflict Chronology: Water Conflicts Over the Centuries and MillenniaCircle of Blue, June 2017. In this podcast Peter Gleick of the Pacific Institute discusses some of the lessons learned from past water conflicts and explores what kind of trends have emerged.

Read the complete issue.

Sanitation boosts health, not stunted growth for Bangladeshi kids

The news article below gives an interesting summary of one of two WASH & nutrition articles just published in Lancet Global Health:

Sanitation boosts health, not stunted growth for Bangladeshi kids. Futurity, Jan 31, 2018. The WASH Benefits Bangladesh trial is one of the first to examine what are known as water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions as a way of improving children’s growth in low-income communities. Children born into housing compounds with improvements in drinking water quality, sanitation, and handwashing infrastructure were not measurably taller after two years compared to those born into compounds with more contamination, a new study suggests. Although children who received the interventions were significantly healthier overall, and despite mounting research over the last decade linking poor sanitation to stunted growth in children, sanitation improvements seemingly did nothing to improve growth and development.

Effects of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on diarrhoea and child growth in rural Bangladesh: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet Global Health, Jan 29, 2018. Nutrient supplementation and counselling modestly improved linear growth, but there was no benefit to the integration of water, sanitation, and handwashing with nutrition. Adherence was high in all groups and diarrhoea prevalence was reduced in all intervention groups except water treatment.

Effects of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on diarrhoea and child growth in rural Kenya: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet Global Health, Jan 28, 2018. Behaviour change messaging combined with technologically simple interventions such as water treatment, household sanitation upgrades from unimproved to improved latrines, and handwashing stations did not reduce childhood diarrhoea or improve growth, even when adherence was at least as high as has been achieved by other programmes.


Sustainable Water Partnership Launces Toolkit# 4: Funding Water Security – Financing can come from government taxes, user tariffs, international aid transfers and private sector investments. The type of water security activity often determines the type of financing that will be most readily available.

Sustained adoption of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions: systematic review. Trop Med Intl Health, Feb 2018.

Preliminary assessment of the computer-based Taenia solium educational program ‘The Vicious Worm’ on knowledge uptake in primary school students in rural areas in eastern Zambia. Trop Med Intl Health, Early view.

Escherichia coli Contamination across Multiple Environmental Compartments (Soil, Hands, Drinking Water, and Handwashing Water) in Urban Harare: Correlations and Risk Factors. Am Jnl Trop Med Hyg, Early view.

A framework for stimulating economic investments to prevent emerging diseases. WHO Bulletin, Feb 2018. One of the co-authors is Daniel Schar of USAID.


Context matters: a multicountry analysis of individual- and neighbourhood-level factors associated with women’s sanitation use in sub-Saharan Africa. Trop Med Intl Health, Feb 2018. Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 14 SSA countries between 2008 and 2014, we modelled women’s sanitation use in relation to various individual- and neighbourhood-level factors.

USAID Global Waters team – Announcing the #WaterSecureWorld Photo Contest

Can you Picture a Water Secure World?

USAID’s Global Waters team invites readers, implementers, mission personnel, and other water professionals to help illustrate the next phase of USAID’s commitment to addressing the world’s water challenges as outlined in the newly released U.S. Government Global Water Strategy through photos.


Photo credits (clockwise, from top left): USAID/Indonesia, WADA Zambia, USAID/Ecuador, USAID/Lebanon, UNICEF/Kate Holt

USAID is contributing to the Strategy through its Water and Development Plan by providing 15 million people with sustainable access to safe drinking water services and 8 million people with sustainable sanitation.

The #WaterSecureWorld photo contest will help highlight the many different people, places, and activities that are part of USAID’s ongoing efforts to improve access to water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH).

The winning photos will be announced and displayed with full credits on Global Waters on Medium and promoted on and

Read more.