Recent Ebola research – May 30, 2018 updates

We will periodically update this page with Ebola research studies:

May 30, 2018 Updates 

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Photo from the World Health Organization

A Method to Test the Efficacy of Handwashing for the Removal of Emerging Infectious Pathogens. Marlene K. Wolfe and Daniele S. Lantagne, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, June 2017.

Selection of a Biosafety Level 1 (BSL-1) surrogate to evaluate surface disinfection efficacy in Ebola outbreaks: Comparison of four bacteriophages. PLoS One, May 2017.

Surface Cleaning and Disinfection: Efficacy Assessment of Four Chlorine Types Using Escherichia coli and the Ebola Surrogate Phi6. Environmental Science & Technology, March 2017.

Handwashing and Ebola virus disease outbreaks: A randomized comparison of soap, hand sanitizer, and 0.05% chlorine solutions on the inactivation and removal of model organisms Phi6 and E. coli from hands and persistence in rinse water. PLoS One, February 2017.

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Ebola in the News

This page will feature recent news articles on the Ebola outbreak:

May 29, 2018 Updates

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Photo from the World Health Organization

Children must be at heart of response to Ebola outbreak – Democratic …
4 days ago – Children must be at heart of response to Ebola outbreak News and Press … the risk of transmission in schools, including temperature taking and handwashing.”.

Ebola: How this virus sparked a global health revolution – CNN
3 days ago – “There are two defining epidemics of our time: the AIDS epidemic and Ebola,” said Peter Piot, director at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Past use of disinfectants and PPE for Ebola could inform future …
5 days ago – Data from the 2014 Ebola virus outbreak at two Sierra Leone facilities reveal daily … strictwatersanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and infection prevention control …

Ebola | Ebola virus disease – World Health Organization
3 days ago – Ebola virus disease website: fact sheet, technical guidance, news. … WHO supports Ebolavaccination of high risk populations in the Democratic Republic of the …

What we know about fighting Ebola: A Q&A with expert Dr. Adam …
6 days ago – The global health community is better prepared to face the largest outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease since the 2014-2016 West African epidemic claimed more …

Ebola outbreak in the DR Congo: lessons learned – The Lancet
4 days ago – The Ebola virus outbreak appears to have started in the remote western DR … instructs residents on hand washing as a preventive measure against Ebola in …

Map of the Day: Every Historic Ebola Outbreak in the Democratic …
6 days ago – Today’s map comes from the World Health Organization, which released this graphic to help put into context the current ebola outbreak in the Democratic …

 

 

 

RESEARCH CALL: Exploratory research on increasing the impact of school-based hygiene promotion programmes in Madagascar

This research project, commissioned under WSUP’s Urban Sanitation Research Initiative with funding from Dubai Cares, will use a formative research approach to explore barriers and opportunities for improved school WASH in Madagascar. The over-arching aim of this research is to contribute to the evidence base required to improve and expand Madagascar’s existing WASH Friendly Schools programme (Ecoles Amies de WASH). The research should aim to identify a feasible adjustment to the current programme model, which generates a sustained increase (by comparison with the existing model as currently applied) in the prevalence of key hygiene behaviours, among schoolchildren exposed to the programme and among members of their households.

This will involve a) literature review and formative research to identify one or two adjustments to the current model, which can plausibly be expected to achieve better outcomes; and b) rigorous comparative evaluation of outcomes achieved in implementation of the existing model and adjusted models. Implementation will be funded and managed by WSUP.

The research may be led by a Madagascan or non-Madagascan organisation, but in either case this work will require strong Madagascan involvement in research design and delivery. Some deliverables will need to be in French, some can be in English; internal communications with WSUP may be in French or English, as preferred by the successful bidder.

For more information, see the Research Call here.

Maximum budget under this Call: GBP 65,000
Bids due: Before Madagascar 1700 hours on Tuesday 19th June 2018, to erl [at] wsup [dot com].

Examining the Sustainability of USAID’s Millennium Water Alliance Activity in Ethiopia

Examining the Sustainability of USAID’s Millennium Water Alliance Activity in Ethiopia

The USAID Water Office hosted a webinar on May 17, 2018, “Examining Sustainability of USAID’s Millennium Water Alliance Activity in Ethiopia.” mwa-ethiopia-webinar-2

The webinar presented key findings from a soon-to-be released USAID ex-post evaluation of the Millennium Water Alliance-Ethiopia Program (MWA-EP) between 2004 and 2009 in 24 rural woredas (districts) of Ethiopia.

Menstrual Hygiene Webinar Series 2018

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There is a growing interest in the development sector on menstrual hygiene (MH), and more organisations are working on this issue. WASH United, Simavi, World Vision and GIZ are launching a webinar series focusing on menstrual hygiene as an activity under the MH Alliance. This five-part, weekly webinar series will launch the week of 28 May (Menstrual Hygiene Day), with a different topic each week. This series aims to touch on many of the complex aspects of MH, including evidence, knowledge, menstrual products, infrastructure and policy. Below is a summary of the objectives, deliverables, outline and topics for these webinars:
Overall objective: To document and promote learning and connection between menstrual hygiene practitioners and interested professionals from different sectors, with a specific aim to refine and advance the global MH agenda. More specifically, we hope to

● Building a global MH movement
● Creating a community of practice on MH
● Providing a platform for sharing and learning on MH
● Giving NGOs in the global south a platform to share and learn

Deliverables: After each webinar, a one-page learning document will be produced noting key points discussed, questions for further discussion, resources highlighted, and action items identified. Learning and exchange will be consolidated and shared, such as in upcoming forums like the High-level Political Forum, as well via MH Day website and newsletter.

Outline: Each 60 minute webinar will follow roughly the same outline:

● Introduction and welcome (5 minutes)
● Thematic presenter (10 minutes)
● Topic presenter 1 (10 minutes)
● Topic presenter 2 (10 minutes)
● Discussant reflections (5 minutes)
● Guided group discussion around core question (20)

The webinar will take place every Thursday starting on 31 May 2018. It is free-of-charge and open to all interested professionals and individuals from all sectors. These webinars will be recorded and posted online for future access. Post-webinar discussion will take place on the SuSanA platform.

Topics:

● Webinar 1: Menstrual hygiene: the issue, evidence and gaps
● Webinar 2: Solutions to improve knowledge, practices and attitude
● Webinar 3: Creating access to menstrual products
● Webinar 4: Infrastructure solutions for MH
● Webinar 5: Advocating for MH

Register here: bit.ly/mhws-register

Overview and meta-analysis of global water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) impact evaluations – World Bank

Overview and meta-analysis of global water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) impact evaluations. World Bank, May 2018.

This paper presents an overview and meta-analysis of the effects of water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions around the world. It is based on 136 impact evaluations (randomized and quasi-experimental studies) that explore the effects of water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions on health and non-health outcomes, ranging from behavior change — such as the adoption of water treatment — to school attendance rates, to a reduction in diarrhea.

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The selected impact evaluations were divided into five groups, and meta-regressions with fixed effects (at the regional level) and random effects were performed, controlling for each study’s characteristics (implementing organization, sample sizes, type of publication, number of publication views, and so forth). All results are reported as changes in odds ratios, with respect to the standard deviation of reported effects.

Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions were found to increase the likelihood of behavior changes and the adoption of new hygiene practices by 17 percent. The smallest effects were observed from water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions aimed at reducing the rates of child mortality and non-diarrheal disease.

Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions implemented in schools showed statistically significant results in reducing school absenteeism and dropouts. Similarly, the results showed a statistically significant aggregate likelihood of increased access to safe water and improved water quality, as well as increased water treatment options — a difference of one-fifth with respect to the standard deviation of the average effect size reported.

Finally, the results showed that water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions reduced the likelihood of the incidence of diarrheal and enteric disease by 13 percent, which is consistent with findings in other meta-analyses of the same subject

Water Currents: Menstrual Hygiene Day 2018

Water Currents, May 22 2018: Menstrual Hygiene Day 2018

Menstrual Hygiene Day (MH Day), May 28, is an annual global event to raise awareness about the challenges women and girls face due to menstruation and to highlight solutions that address these challenges. mhday2018

MH Day also provides a platform to advocate for making menstrual hygiene management (MHM) a part of local, national, and global policies, as well as programs, projects, and activities across global development sectors.

Read the complete issue.