Historically, water and sanitation service providers in low-income countries have struggled to accommodate rapid urban expansion, and particularly to serve the poor in peri-urban areas. One way to approach these challenges is to develop alternative approaches to service delivery, incorporating innovative institutional and contractual arrangements, and involving partnerships between communities, utilities, the private sector and regulators.
This Topic Brief focuses on a delegated management model developed in Kumasi (Ghana), where a WSUP-facilitated partnership between the water utility, the Metropolitan Assembly and a community management committee is starting to play a key role in expanding the provision of clean, affordable water and improved public toilet facilities in the low-income district of Kotei. The Brief explores the nature of the model, the contractual arrangements, and the central role of the community management committee. It also examines the potential for scale-up and replication.
For more resources like this, visit www.wsup.com/sharing
Posted in Africa, Progress on Sanitation, Publications, Uncategorized
Tagged Africa, delegated management, Ghana, Kumasi, sanitation, urban, WASH, water
A discussion workshop entitled “Monitoring the Sanitation Status of African Cities”, supported by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), was held at the University of Surrey (UK) on 29th June 2010, to discuss the accuracy of current estimates of sanitation status in African cities, and how monitoring procedures might be improved. Participants also discussed related issues of knowledge sharing within and between African cities.
Key conclusions were as follows:
1) Research is needed to identify improved metrics of urban sanitation quality, notably metrics that take into account the effectiveness of downstream systems (sewerage or faecal sludge management systems) for reducing disease burden.
2) The JMP might wish to consider the possibility of modifying its procedures for assessment of urban sanitation status, with the aim of adopting indicator sets that more accurately evaluate the effectiveness of the whole sanitation chain.
3) Knowledge-sharing initiatives like SWITCH Accra, in which a hub is created to collate and disseminate city-level watsan information resources, are very promising, and should be encouraged.
4) Drawing on the experience of the Indian Cities Sanitation Rating Scheme recently introduced by the Government of India, an analogous African Cities Sanitation Rating Scheme or schemes may be of value for stimulating urban sanitation progress.
For further information:
See also: Sanitation Status of African Cities
This is a fully editable open-access reference resource on the sanitation status of African cities. It currently covers all 40 agglomerations in sub-Saharan Africa with a population of 1 million or more. Individuals and organizations with expert knowledge of specific cities are invited to edit and expand this resource as appropriate, so that it can evolve into a valuable knowledge-sharing resource. [This material is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license, so can be freely distributed and re-used in any way.]
UNITED NATIONS – / MaximsNews Network / 03 June 2008 — Tokyo – Japan concluded the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD IV) setting a framework for a “century of African growth”.
Convening in Yokohama, Japan last week, representatives from 51 African countries, including 40 Heads of State and Government, deliberated over a series of issues to mark the African continent’s future development, among which water and sanitation figured prominently.
Read More – Maxims News
(…) The report, “The State of Africa’s Children 2008,” was launched on May 28 at the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development in Japan.
(…) The facts are shocking. Although Africa accounts for only 22 percent of births globally, half of the 10 million child deaths annually occur on the continent. Africa is the only continent that has seen rising numbers of deaths among children under five since the 1970s. Many of these children die of preventable and curable diseases. UNICEF’s report says malaria is the cause of 18 percent of under-five deaths in Africa. Diarrhoeal diseases and pneumonia — both illnesses that thrive in poor communities where sanitation is severely compromised, and where residents are often undernourished and exposed to pollution — account for a further 40 percent of child deaths. Another major killer is AIDS. (…)
Read all ipsnews.net
More at UNICEF Newsline (including Press Release and the Report itself)
Expert reports indicate that countries worldwide are failing to invest in sanitation, a sector that yields $9 worth of benefits for every $1 spent. 2008 is the UN’s international year of sanitation, did you know that? Well here are some statistics!
Meeting the global sanitation goal which is to halve the number of people without access to a toilet by 2015 would cost a whopping $39 billion, but yield $347 billion worth of benefits.
n 2006, tourism generated approximately US$ 6,477 billion of economic activity, accounting for 10.3% of global Gross Domestic Product and 234 million jobs worldwide (8.7 % of total employment).
This high revenue is closely linked to good sanitation levels. Health, safety and comfort standards as well as aesthetic considerations heavily influence the choice of a holiday destination. This is according to information from the Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), Switzerland.
Read More - allAfrica