Tag Archives: Burundi

AMCOW training consultancy on sanitation & hygiene policy development

The African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW) needs the services of a training service provider to carry out a sanitation and hygiene policy training.  Focal persons in Burundi, Chad, Sierra Leone and Zimbabwe need to be brought up to speed on drawing up plans and strategies .

The aim of this small (20 days) but interesting assignment is to:

train the focal countries on the process of developing a policy document and costed implementation plans and strategies for ending open defecation in those countries, and how to operationalise them.

The assignment supports a US$ 2 million Gates Foundation funded policy and advocacy project being implemented by AMCOW .

Closing date for receipt of applications is March 7, 2014.

Read the full Terms of Reference.

Please do not submit applications or requests for information to Sanitation Updates.

Burundi – Poor hygiene causes 80% of deaths

Aug 24, 2010 – The Burundian Minister of Health, Dr. Emmanuel Gikoro, Monday lamented that the absence of a national hygiene and sanitation policy was responsible for 80 percent of deaths in the country.

Gikoro, speaking at the opening of a three-day national forum on a new and more coherent hygiene and sanitation policy, noted that the evolution of killer diseases such as malaria, diarrhoea and respiratory complications came about through the absence of national hygiene and sanitation policy.

‘At the socio-economic level, diseases related to poor basic hygiene still cause huge financial looses to households and the state, which needs to pay or subsidize healthcare,’ he said.


Flushing Away Poverty – Toilet Twinning Launched

Many water charities have sprung up within the last year that are using the Internet and associated social media to raise funds for projects in developing countries. With their Toilet Twinning campaign, UK-based CORD is one of the first to focus on raising money to build latrines.

Toilet Twinning links toilets around the world with those being built in Burundi by families returning from exile in Tanzania. For £60 (US$ 98 or € 70) people, schools or organisations can “twin” their toilets with one in a Rutana Province village – and track it down to its exact location via Google Earth. “Twinners” receive a special one off certificate to display in their toilets picturing their twin, its exact location and Google map reference.

Improving water and sanitation is key to CORD’s programme in remote Giharo Commune. Over the past 18 months CORD helped local returnees to build 870 pit latrines, each benefiting a family of six. With their campaign CORD plans to double that number. Blocks of toilets have also been built at 3 primary schools and alongside water points.

The first 500 Twinnings are on sale now via a special CORD website: www.toilettwinning.org. English singer Corinne Bailey Rae and the Bishop of Coventry are two famous toilet twinners featured on the web site.

Bishop of Coventry Rt. Reverend Christopher Cocksworth. Photo: CORD

Bishop of Coventry Rt. Reverend Christopher Cocksworth. Photo: CORD

The site has a range a fun and serious stuff abouts toilets and sanitation, including a link to another fundraising campaign led by former Las Vegas singer Gino Federici who now “sings for toilets”.

And for those would love to gift a toilet but find CORD’s £ 60 a bit too expensive, they can go to Oxfam who will “build a bog” for £50 (US$ 82 or € 59) and cheaper still, sister organisation Oxfam Novib in the Netherlands, will build the same “bog” for only € 45 (£ 38 = US$ 63)!

Source: CORD, 09 Jun 2009

Burundi, Bujumbara: “Forgotten and unseen” on the edges of the city

At least 3,000 people, many of then returnees, have lived for years in Sabe, an informal settlement on the outskirts of the capital, Bujumbura, with only two pit latrines between them, no clean water and no medical cards to help them access medical care. That they have survived for as long as 15 years in difficult conditions without help from the government or any aid agency attests to the fact that thousands of people can fall through the cracks in a country like Burundi, emerging from decades of civil war. […] With the March-April rainy season, several houses have collapsed, leaving residents homeless. Most of the homes are tiny, about 4 sqm, and often get flooded because they are in a swampy area.

Flying toilets

As the site has only two latrines, many residents relieve themselves in the bush during the day. “At night, we use plastic bags to dispose of our waste and in the morning, we throw them into the nearby bush,” Marc Ngendankumana, a Sabe resident said.

Photo: Judith Basutama/IRIN.  A woman fetches dirty water from a pond: Lack of clean water has increased the risk of waterborne diseases for the Sabe residents

Photo: Judith Basutama/IRIN. A woman fetches dirty water from a pond: Lack of clean water has increased the risk of waterborne diseases for the Sabe residents

Lack of clean water aggravates the situation, with residents using muddy and stagnant water for domestic purposes and even for drinking. Some of the residents hang around the roads with jerry cans, hoping to get water from passing motorists. Others struggle to fetch water from a nearby well used to water tree nurseries. As a result, residents are at risk of waterborne diseases. “Round worms and cholera are among the diseases threatening us,” Olive Bararusesa, one of the site leaders, said.

Immaculée Nahayo, Minister for National Solidarity, said on 4 April [2009] the ministry was willing to supply the Sabe residents with water but lacked water tanks. […] Minister Nahayo said assistance had been delayed because “the existence of the site was not known to us until recently”. However, she said the ministry recently distributed food after a team assessed residents’ needs. […] But in the meantime, the ministry is looking for funding to provide latrines, water and decent homes for the Sabe residents.

Source: IRIN, 10 Apr 2009

East Africa: Sanitation – ‘This Is the Way We Live’

In East Africa, not one country is on track to meet Millennium Development Goal Seven, which aims to reduce by half the number of people without access to clean drinking water and decent sanitation by 2015.

Despite governments in the region being signatories to several declarations on improving sanitation, many East African households still lack access to flush toilets or pit latrines. Open defecation is widespread, and ‘flying toilets’, where people defecate in plastic bags and throw them away at night are the rule rather than the exception in many informal settlements.

“This is the way we live. We do not have toilets, and no place to safely dispose of our waste,” said Nicholas Ambeyo [from Kibera, one of Africa’s largest slums, in Nairobi, Kenya]. “Because of this, and the lack of sufficient water, and the open sewers that run through our houses, we are at a risk of contracting diseases.”

[…] Toilet coverage in Kenya is still low, with latrines available to less than 50 percent of the population, according to James Gesami, the country’s assistant minister for Public Health and Sanitation.

[…] “Sanitation is a newly thought-out issue and we have not given adequate resources to that sector, but things are changing now,” Gesami told IPS. Government statistics show that budgetary allocation to sanitation in Kenya currently stands at 13 million dollars per year, too little for the country to reach the sanitation MDG. It is estimated that the country will require about 40 million dollars per year if is to achieve the MDG by the set deadline of 2015.

[…] Sudan is [also] far from achieving the sanitation MDG, especially in war-affected areas. Access to improved sanitation in Southern Sudan is at 6.4 percent, way below the 2015 target of 53 percent. [I]n the north [it] stands at 39.9 percent, edging closer to the 2015 target of 67 percent. Minimal budgetary allocations for sanitation have made it difficult for the government to provide the majority of poor citizens with basic toilet and latrine facilities. This has been blamed for the widespread outbreaks of diarrhoeal ailments, according to Elobeid Mohammed, coordinator of Sudan National Discourse, a water and sanitation non-governmental body.

“Diarrhoea, especially among children is common during autumn because of the rains and blocked sewers. These are diseases that can be prevented by ensuring access to toilets and hygiene. By doing this, the government can save money and pump it to other crucial sectors of development,” Mohammed told IPS.

Charles Hakizimana, chairman of the African Ministers’ Council on Water, says efforts to improve latrine coverage have been jeopardised by extreme poverty, illustrating the situation with an example from Burundi.

“There are cases where development agencies have provided material to communities to dig latrines, but [beneficiaries] sell them and continue defecating in the bush. Often times the people have said: “give us food first, there is no need to construct pit latrines when we do not have anything to put in them,”” Hakizimana, said.

In addition, there are social obstacles to providing sanitation to all. For instance, in several parts of East Africa, it is taboo for fathers-in-law to share a latrine with his daughters-in-law or mothers-in-law to share with sons-in-law. […] Constructing separate latrines for different family members is far too costly.

Source: Joyce Mulama, IPS, 19 Dec 2008