Tag Archives: Community-Led Total Sanitation

Plan International and the Water Institute at UNC Findings on CLTS

Plan International USA and the Water Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) have released new findings and results about rural sanitation behavior change processes using the Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach. Entitled CLTS Learning Series: Lessons from CLTS Implementation in Seven Countries, the research report identifies implications for practice and delivers policy recommendations based on a rigorous review of seven country case studies and their approach to CLTS implementation.

Covering experiences from Haiti, Uganda, Niger, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Nepal, and Indonesia, long-form, individual country reports are complemented by a meta-analysis of all case studies, as well as a shorter, executive summary style briefing paper for rapid review. plan_unc

The reports present common features to CLTS implementation, identifies consistent bottlenecks and enabling conditions, and shares lessons relevant to scaling-up CLTS.

Copies of all reports from this work are available at the project website: https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/clts/

Norms, Knowledge and Usage

Norms, Knowledge and Usage. Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights, Issue 7, Brighton: IDS.

Authors: Chambers, R. and Myers, J.

In this issue of Frontiers of CLTS we focus on the growing problem of partial usage, drawing on academic and grey literature. Partial usage is emerging in communities some years after achieving ODF conditions. We ask how widespread and serious this is, why it occurs, what can be done about it, and what more needs to be known? clts1

We draw on evidence from Africa and Asia, with the bulk of it from India where there has been more relevant research, according to which partial use is rampant. We believe that there are important implications for India and the Swachh Bharat Mission, as well as those around the world confronting this problem.

CARE/Bangladesh -Towards Total Sanitation

 

Topic of the week: Community-Led Total Sanitation

Financing sanitation for low-income urban communities: Lessons from CCODE and the Federation in Malawi, 2016. Wonderful Hunga, IIED.

Like many other countries in the Global South, Malawi has failed to meet Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets to improve access to sanitation. It has been estimated that only 25 per cent of the country’s population has gained access to improved sanitation since 1990 and access to it is a meagre 41 per cent, according to the latest Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) Report (2015).

By utilising social capital and promoting ecological sanitation, CCODE (an SDI affiliate), has enabled thousands of urban poor households, who could not afford better toilets, to live a dignified life. This study shows that the CCODE model could do this for most of Malawi’s urban poor.

Beliefs, Behaviors, and Perceptions of Community-Led Total Sanitation and Their Relation to Improved Sanitation in Rural Zambia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Jan 19. Authors: Lawrence JJ, Yeboah-Antwi K, et al.

Inadequate hygiene and sanitation remain leading global contributors to morbidity and mortality in children and adults. One strategy for improving sanitation access is community-led total sanitation (CLTS), in which participants are guided into self-realization of the importance of sanitation through activities called “triggering.” This qualitative study explored community members’ and stakeholders’ sanitation, knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors during early CLTS implementation in Zambia.

We conducted 67 in-depth interviews and 24 focus group discussions in six districts in Zambia 12-18 months after CLTS implementation. Triggering activities elicited strong emotions, including shame, disgust, and peer pressure, which persuaded individuals and families to build and use latrines and handwashing stations. New sanitation behaviors were also encouraged by the hierarchical influences of traditional leaders and sanitation action groups and by children’s opinions.

Continue reading

Norms, Knowledge and Usage: Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights

Chambers, R. and Myers, J. (2016) ‘Norms, Knowledge and Usage’, Frontiers of CLTS: Innovations and Insights Issue 7, Brighton: IDS.

The partial or total non-use of toilets, with some or all in a household defecating in the open, is a growing concern. Although all households may have a toilet, communities cannot remain open defecation free unless they are always used by everyone. clts

This is not just an issue of maintenance and accessibility but also of social norms, mind-sets, and cultural preferences. The problem is widespread but most evident in India.

This issue of Frontiers of CLTS asks how serious the problem is, why it occurs, what can be done about it, and what more needs to be known.

It is an attempt to summarise current knowledge as a first step in exploring and learning about this growing obstacle to attaining and sustaining ODF status in some parts of the world.

CLTS Sharing and Learning workshop at SACOSAN VI in Dhaka

CLTS Learning Event flyer.png

On Sunday 10th January 2016, the CLTS Knowledge Hub at IDS, UNICEF and WSSCC are co-convening a CLTS Sharing and Learning Workshop as part of the SACOSAN VI Conference in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

The free event will be an opportunity to gather with others engaged and interested in CLTS, share experiences, challenges, innovations and challenges from the region and beyond, and discuss any issues that you might bring to the table.

The agenda will be based on the interests and contributions of participants (please use the registration form to clearly state your priority areas) as well as recent research, learning and innovations, particularly in the areas of sustainability, equity and  other 2nd/3rd generation challenges.

Time: 9.00-16.30 (includes refreshments and lunch.)

Venue: Surma Room, Pan Pacific Sonargaon Hotel Dhaka, 107 Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue, Dhaka 1215, Bangladesh

Please register by completing this registration form and returning it to J.Myers2@ids.ac.uk, preferably before the 23December 2015. Registered participants will receive information about how to prepare and what to bring.

You can also download a flyer with information about this event.

Testing CLTS Approaches for Scalability: Nepal Learning Brief

Nepal UNC

Pour Flush Toilet in Nepal. Photo Credit: Vidya Venkataramanan

Plan International supports Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) implementation in a number of districts in Nepal. In this learning brief, we review Plan International Nepal’s CLTS activities. We found government targets and definitions to be ambitious while decentralized planning allowed a focus on community-led processes. Plan International and other sanitation practitioners can support CLTS outcomes by providing post-triggering training and technical support to community volunteers, focusing on achieving gradual, yet sustained outcomes in program areas, and continuing to work with local governments to ensure that financing mechanisms for the poor are locally developed and equitable.

Link to learning brief: https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2015/11/learning-series-nepal-learning-brief-2015-11.pdf

Citation: Community-led Total Sanitation in Nepal: Findings from an Implementation Case Study. Venkataramanan, Vidya, Alexandra Shannon, and Jennifer Bogle. 2015. Chapel Hill, USA: The Water Institute at UNC.