Tag Archives: Ebola

Recent Ebola research – May 30, 2018 updates

We will periodically update this page with Ebola research studies:

May 30, 2018 Updates 

ebola-drc-fever-control

Photo from the World Health Organization

A Method to Test the Efficacy of Handwashing for the Removal of Emerging Infectious Pathogens. Marlene K. Wolfe and Daniele S. Lantagne, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, June 2017.

Selection of a Biosafety Level 1 (BSL-1) surrogate to evaluate surface disinfection efficacy in Ebola outbreaks: Comparison of four bacteriophages. PLoS One, May 2017.

Surface Cleaning and Disinfection: Efficacy Assessment of Four Chlorine Types Using Escherichia coli and the Ebola Surrogate Phi6. Environmental Science & Technology, March 2017.

Handwashing and Ebola virus disease outbreaks: A randomized comparison of soap, hand sanitizer, and 0.05% chlorine solutions on the inactivation and removal of model organisms Phi6 and E. coli from hands and persistence in rinse water. PLoS One, February 2017.

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Ebola in the News

This page will feature recent news articles on the Ebola outbreak:

May 29, 2018 Updates

ebola-drc-fever-control

Photo from the World Health Organization

Children must be at heart of response to Ebola outbreak – Democratic …
4 days ago – Children must be at heart of response to Ebola outbreak News and Press … the risk of transmission in schools, including temperature taking and handwashing.”.

Ebola: How this virus sparked a global health revolution – CNN
3 days ago – “There are two defining epidemics of our time: the AIDS epidemic and Ebola,” said Peter Piot, director at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Past use of disinfectants and PPE for Ebola could inform future …
5 days ago – Data from the 2014 Ebola virus outbreak at two Sierra Leone facilities reveal daily … strictwatersanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and infection prevention control …

Ebola | Ebola virus disease – World Health Organization
3 days ago – Ebola virus disease website: fact sheet, technical guidance, news. … WHO supports Ebolavaccination of high risk populations in the Democratic Republic of the …

What we know about fighting Ebola: A Q&A with expert Dr. Adam …
6 days ago – The global health community is better prepared to face the largest outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease since the 2014-2016 West African epidemic claimed more …

Ebola outbreak in the DR Congo: lessons learned – The Lancet
4 days ago – The Ebola virus outbreak appears to have started in the remote western DR … instructs residents on hand washing as a preventive measure against Ebola in …

Map of the Day: Every Historic Ebola Outbreak in the Democratic …
6 days ago – Today’s map comes from the World Health Organization, which released this graphic to help put into context the current ebola outbreak in the Democratic …

 

 

 

Recent news articles on the Ebola outbreak in DRC

NEWS ARTICLES

RECENT STUDIES

What the Color Blue Can Reveal About Pathogens and Contamination

What the Color Blue Can Reveal About Pathogens and Contamination. DipNote, March 27, 2018.

The pace of progress in global health is determined by our ability to seed, nurture and spread innovation. Through Grand Challenges for Development, USAID uncovers promising ideas and applies rigorous, market-oriented approaches to cut the time it takes to transform ideas in a lab to impact on the ground.

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Katherine Jin and Jason Kang observe health care workers testing Highlight in Guinea. (Kevin Tyan)

In the midst of the 2014 Ebola epidemic, Columbia University juniors Katherine Jin, Jason Kang and Kevin Tyan participated in the Columbia Ebola Design Challenge to see if they could find a way to contribute to the global community’s response to the epidemic in West Africa.

In answer to the Design Challenge, they developed a powder that adds color to bleach to increase its effectiveness as a decontaminant and ensure the safety of health care workers in places affected by infectious disease outbreaks.

Read the complete article.

Quiet Heroes in the Fight against Ebola – Global Waters

Quiet Heroes in the Fight against Ebola. Global Waters, January 3, 2018.

While the Ebola crisis was at its peak in Liberia, a small group of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) entrepreneurs helped in a significant way by repairing hand pumps in clinics and other health facilities in some of the country’s hardest-hit counties.

By restoring access to water — not only for drinking, but also for infection prevention and control — these WASH entrepreneurs ensured that facilities had the resources they needed to promote handwashing and safe hygiene practices that could help combat the spread of the disease.

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Newly graduated WASH entrepreneurs prepare to deploy to their target communities. Photo credit: Global Communities Liberia

Liberia’s Bong, Lofa, and Nimba counties were some of the areas most affected during the Ebola crisis. The communities in these counties are largely rural and hard to reach. Roads and infrastructure are poor and government services are limited.

In these rural communities access to water and sanitation facilities are extreme challenges. According to the latest data from the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, nearly 80 percent of rural Liberians do not have adequate sanitation facilities. At the same time, 47 percent of rural residents do not have safe drinking water sources.

Read the complete article.

A big-picture look at the world’s worst Ebola epidemic

A big-picture look at the world’s worst Ebola epidemic. Hutch News, April 12, 2017.

International team of scientists show how real-time sequencing and data-sharing can help stop the next outbreak

An international effort to analyze the entire database of Ebola virus genomes from the 2013–2016 West African epidemic reveals insights into factors that sped or slowed the rampage and calls for using real-time sequencing and data-sharing to contain future viral disease outbreaks.

Published online today in the journal Nature, the analysis found that the epidemic unfolded in small, overlapping outbreaks with surprisingly few infected travelers sparking new outbreaks elsewhere, each case representing a missed opportunity to break the transmission chain and end the epidemic sooner.

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Dr. Gytis Dudas, a Mahan Postdoctoral Fellow at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, is the paper’s lead author. Photo by Bo Jungmayer / Fred Hutch News Service

“We calculated that 3.6 percent of cases traveled, basically meaning that if you were able to focus on those mobile cases and reduce their mobility, you might have had a disproportionate effect on the epidemic,” said computational biologist Dr. Gytis Dudas, a Mahan Postdoctoral Fellow at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the paper’s lead author.

The West African Ebola epidemic dwarfed all previous central African outbreaks of the virus, sickening more than 28,000 people and killing more than 11,000 of them.

The 1,610 Ebola virus genomes analyzed by the researchers represented more than 5 percent of the known cases, the largest sample analyzed for a single human epidemic. The analysis is the first to look at how Ebola spread, proliferated and declined across all three countries most affected: Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. Previous analyses focused primarily on either a single country, a limited time frame or used fewer sequences.

Read the complete article.

Disease ‘superspreaders’ accounted for nearly two-thirds of Ebola cases, study finds

Disease ‘superspreaders’ accounted for nearly two-thirds of Ebola cases, study finds. Washington Post, February 13, 2017.

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Monrovia, Liberia, was hit hard during the 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic in West Africa. (Zoom Dosso/AFP via Getty Images)

They are called superspreaders, the minority of people who are responsible for infecting many others during epidemics of infectious diseases. Perhaps the most famous superspreader was Typhoid Mary, presumed to have infected 51 people, three of whom died, between 1900 and 1907.

Now scientists studying how Ebola spread during the 2014-2015 epidemic in West Africa say superspreaders played a bigger role than was previously known, according to findings published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

 If superspreading had been completely controlled, almost two-thirds of the infections might have been prevented, scientists said.