Tag Archives: Ecosan

Nepal, Siddhipur: Ecosan toilets bring multiple benefits

Until a few years ago, Saraswati Maharjan-33, a resident of Siddhipur-8 on the outskirts of Kathmandu, had to walk 10 minutes from her home to attend nature’s call in the open communal defecation area. But that’s happily a history now. The lives of villagers in Siddhipur-8 has radically changed after the introduction of Ecosan toilets.

[…]. The Department of Water Supply and Sewerage (DWSS) initiated a pilot project in Siddhipur in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2002. […]. Following the pilot project of government, many I/NGOs namely, UN-HABITAT, Environment and Public Health Organization (ENPHO) stepped in to extend support for further expansion of the toilets. The result: More than 100 households now own Ecosan toilets and many others own the Safety-tank toilets.

According to an estimate of DWSS, over 1000 Ecosan toilets have been built throughout Nepal and most of them are located in Kathmandu Valley.

Read more: The Kathmandu Post / NGO Forum, 03 August 2008

See also:

Rajbhandari, K. (2008). Ecological sanitation latrines : the experience of Nepal. In: Beyond construction : use by all : a collection of case studies from sanitation and hygiene promotion practitioners in South Asia. London, UK, WaterAid and Delft, The Netherlands, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre.

Siddhipur community constructs eco-friendly future, Source Bulletin 47 feature, Feb 2007

South Africa – Ecotoilets worm their way into many hearts

NON–FLUSH, totally organic and self-emptying portable toilets which make use of hungry earthworms are being made in Knysna.

Knysna entrepreneur Adrian Wilson-Forbes said two test toilets at the Pezula resort had been operating successfully for the past seven months without any need for servicing.

This self-sustaining ecosystem houses earthworms in so-called worm houses made from recycled plastic in a container below the toilet bowl. The worms gobble up the solid waste and recycle it to produce compost.

Wilson-Forbes said: “The solids sit on top and are digested by the earthworms, which multiply or decrease in number according to the amount of food available.

More – Herald Online

Tanzania: Farmers to Use Human Waste As Fertiliser

Farmers in Bukoba rural will soon start using sanitised human waste to fertilise their crops, an official has said. Kagera Development and Credit Revolving Fund (Kadetfu) executive director Yusto Muchuruza said that the idea follows the introduction of the ecosan toilets.


Four villages in the district have initially been earmarked for the Ecosan toilet project: Mulaya, Rwagati, Kyema and Kanazi. In Kagera region a demo Ecosan toilet has already been built at the Kashozi secondary school. A Kenyan environmental organisation, Osienala, is funding the construction.

Read more: Joas Kaijage, The Citizen (Dar es Salaam) / allAfrica.com, 24 May 2008

India: Flood-prone Bihar to get ‘eco-sanitation’ toilets

PATNA: Around 300 special ‘eco-sanitation toilets’ are to be constructed before the rainy season in flood-prone areas of Bihar in a bid to prevent spread of water-borne diseases so common at that time in the state.  (…)

Read all EconomicTimes

Philippines: San Fernando’s Dry Alternative

Three years ago, residents of coastal and upland villages in San Fernando City polluted their drinking water with their own excreta. Today, they take pains to practice safe hygiene and sanitation. An innocent looking dry toilet (UDDT – urine-diverting dehydration toilet) and an untiring city mayor propelled this shift through a 2-town ecological sanitation pilot project that has evolved into a citywide movement. Can the city carry the momentum forward to the entire province and neighboring towns?

Read more: ADB, Mar 2008

China: Rising Eco-Town Boasts “No-Flush Toilets”

A big housing development project is bringing ecological sanitation toilets that do not require water, to a water-scarce municipality in the northern region of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The largest urban project of its kind in the PRC, the project also boasts of an onsite eco-station complete with greywater treatment and thermal composting of organic materials. Will there be enough takers to ensure the sustainability of this project and the concept of ecotown?

The Erdos Eco-Town Project (EETP) – a collaborative enterprise of the Dongsheng District of the Erdos Municipal government, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), and a private real estate developer (Daxing Co. Ltd.)- is the world’s first major attempt to build an entire town with onsite ecological sanitation (ecosan).

Read more: ADB, Apr 2008

Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement Training (SHIT series) kicks offs in Nepal

“Ecological Sanitation: Concept to Practice” is the first course offered by ENPHO (Environment and Public Health Organization) in the SHIT series. This three day course runs from 26-28 March 2008 in Kathmandu, Nepal (application deadline 22 March). Four other courses are planned: Constructed wetlands; Solid waste management; Biogas for sanitation; and Total sanitation campaigns. Costs are Rs. 3,000 per person, students Rs 2,000, international participants US$ 100.

For more information contact:

ENPHO Resource Centre
Tel: 977-1-4468641, 4493188
Fax: 977-1-4491376
Email: rc[at]enpho.org