Tag Archives: financing

WASHplus Weekly: Focus on WASH & Financing

Issue 199| July 17, 2015 | Focus on WASH & Financing

Thanks to Jonathan Annis of TetraTech for suggesting this week’s topic. Resources and studies in this issue include 2015 discussion forums and webinars hosted by the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA), a series of WASH financing briefs, and new USAID Urban Pathway manuals.

DISCUSSION FORUMS/WEBINARS

Urban Sanitation Finance – From Macro to Micro Level, SuSanA Thematic Discussion, June–July 2015. Link
This discussion forum was structured along three themes: Public Finance, Microfinance, andCity Level Sustainable Cost Recovery and was supported by six experts on sanitation finance who provided leadership and addressed questions raised by forum users. Summaries of the discussions are available here.

Webinar about Results-Based Financing (RBF) for Sanitation – April 29, 2015. SuSanA. Link
This webinar was organized under the knowledge management initiative of the Building Demand for Sanitation program of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Peter Feldman moderated the webinar with support from Pippa Scott and Pete Cranston of Euforic Services. The Stockholm Environment Institute and the SuSanA Secretariat served as hosts.

REPORTS/ARTICLES

Finance Brief 1: Domestic Public Finance for WASH: What, Why, How? 2015. G Norman. Link
This report defines domestic public finance as funds derived from domestic taxes, raised at the national or local level. Domestic public finance is only part of the solution to service delivery in poor communities; user finance and donor finance are also part of the mix. Likewise, domestic public finance forms part of a wider governance puzzle: improving WASH services requires not just more government investment, but also diverse other elements including (for example) clear institutional mandates.

Finance Brief 2: Universal Water and Sanitation: How Did the Rich Countries Do It?2015. Public Finance for WASH. Link
This finance brief briefly summarizes the history of water and sanitation services provision in the U.S., the U.K., and South Korea, and considers whether this historical experience is relevant to low- and middle-income countries today.

Finance Brief 3: Municipal Finance for Sanitation in Three African Cities, 2015. B Edwards. Link (Download free but registration required)
This discussion paper reports data on municipal public finance for sanitation in three African cities, based on in-country examination of available budget records: Ga West Municipality, part of the Greater Accra conglomeration in Ghana; Maputo, capital of Mozambique; and Nakuru County in Kenya, including the city of Nakuru.

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Financing sanitation in Sub-Saharan Africa

SHARE – Small-scale finance for water and sanitation

Small-scale finance for water and sanitation, 2012. SHARE.

This report identifies ways in which governments and External Support Agencies can increase access to finance for small-scale WATSAN providers, by channelling public funding to support the market and leverage private sector financing. The ultimate objective in doing so is to increase access to services for poor households, who either invest in the services themselves or rely on small-scale providers.

WASHplus Weekly – Financing for WASH

This issue of the WASHplus Weekly contains case studies and evaluations of financing methods for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) projects.  Included in the WASH sector is an IRC review of sanitation financing models, a GTZ review on financing rural water supply, and case studies from Kenya and Mali. Please let WASHplus know if you have additional resources on this topic or suggestions for future issues of the Weekly.

WSP – Financing Household On-Site Sanitation for the Poor

Financing Household On-Site Sanitation for the Poor, 2011. Water and Sanitation Program

Link to full-text

Key Lessons

Public funding can trigger significantly increased access to household sanitation. Public investments of varying forms enabled an absolute increase in the fraction of the target population gaining access to sanitation, which varied between 20 and 70 percent. Each of the programs enabled significant numbers of people to improve their sanitation—from the largest (more than 21 million gained access in Maharashtra) to the smallest (more than 140,000 in Ecuador). Although sanitation projects have earned a reputation as difficult and often ineffective, there is compelling evidence that government investment can yield results.

The different financing strategies adopted had a profound influence on equity, scale, sustainability, levels of service, and costs. No project represented a “silver bullet” approach that can be replicated globally: different models will be more appropriate based on specific project objectives. One indicator of the effectiveness of public finance use is the number of households gaining basic access per US$1,000 of public funding. Like most indicators, this ration cannot tell the whole story by itself because both the levels of service offered and the costs varied between projects. Nevertheless, it is revealing that in rural Bangladesh, US$1,000 of public investments resulted in improved sanitation for 135 households, while in Senegal the same public funding only served 1.6 households with improved sanitation.

Philippines – EcoSavers:Maintaining a “bank account” for solid wastes

A common pass book we know is one that contains cash deposits and withdrawal amounts in detail, but in the Entrepreneurs Multipurpose Cooperative in the town of Pavia, they issue pass books indicating kilos of bottles, plastics, and recyclables items as deposits.

The pass books belong to women entrepreneurs called Eco-Savers, majority women vendors and microenterprise operators, who in partnership with the local government of Pavia, are discharged with the responsibility of managing the town’s solid wastes, especially those generated in the public market.

Joy Palmada, manager of the cooperative, proudly shows the bundles of pass books to visitors and clients and those interested how the scheme works and how it has made Pavia a garbage-free municipality.

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India – Rising costs hit Centre’s sanitation scheme

Just as several flagship development projects like the construction of rural roads have been hit by rising input costs, the government has been forced to take a hard look at its cost estimates for building toilets for families below the poverty line in rural India. Soaring steel and cement prices have already hit the Centre’s toilet targets under the total sanitation campaign (TSC) in recent months.

More – Financial Express

See also: see also Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in the XI Plan, PIB, 22 Aug 2008