- Re: Are urinals commonly used in Muslim countries? Do Muslim users like to use urinals? - by: Owice May 23, 2015Hello from Jordan, I agree with all what Ehabiddin said in this regard in his post. In the past, before around 30 years, it was almost the only available toilets. I said almost because there was certain percentage (which I do not know) was using the "modern toilets", but I would say they were mostly within the rich layer of the community. From 30 y […]
- Re: Sanitation Safety Planning: Manual for Safe Use and Disposal of Wastewater, Greywater and Excreta - by: F H Mughal May 23, 2015My "educated" guess is that the manual was issued this week. According to the WHO newsletter, the formal launch of the SSP Manual is scheduled at AfricaSan 4 in Dakar, Senegal on Wednesday 27 May at 12.40 (Room C05/06) at the King Fayd Palace.
- Re: New Publication- Container-based sanitation: assessing costs and effectiveness of excreta management in Cap Haitien, Haiti - by: stilmans May 23, 2015Dear Elisabeth, Thanks for your kind words and questions. I wrote a long response, but the page expired and it was lost when I pressed the submit button. Here is a second attempt. We're excited about this work because we believe it's important to provide rigorous research about CBS. This is only the first part of a two-part series. The second paper […]
- Re: squat for money - The Squatty Potty - "healthy colon - healthy life" (product from the US) - by: muench May 22, 2015The book by German medical student Giulia Enders which Emma mentioned above in this thread has also been translated to English and is apparently a bestseller, at least in Germany. In English it is called "Gut: The Inside Story of Our Body's Most Underrated Organ". (bookshop.theguardian.com/catalog/product/view/id/286789/) It is discussed here […]
- Re: Sanitation Safety Planning: Manual for Safe Use and Disposal of Wastewater, Greywater and Excreta - by: joeturner May 22, 2015Does anyone know how long ago this came out?
- Re: Are urinals commonly used in Muslim countries? Do Muslim users like to use urinals? - by: Owice May 23, 2015
- State steps up sanitation drive May 5, 2015Over 50 female leaders from around the world recently published a declaration calling for the end of poor sanitation and hygiene in the developing world. Among those leaders are the first ladies of Madagascar and Malawi, both of whom announced the declaration in Washington, D.C.6
- Women Leaders target need for sanitation and hygiene April 30, 2015Over 50 female leaders from around the world recently published a declaration calling for the end of poor sanitation and hygiene in the developing world. Among those leaders are the first ladies of Madagascar and Malawi, both of whom announced the declaration in Washington, D.C.6
- Ebola response: CLTS running strong in rural Liberia April 28, 2015This week in Bong County, the National Technical Coordinating Unit (NTCU) – responsible for setting Liberia’s national WASH guidelines – verified 29 new communities as Open Defecation Free (ODF). “What was originally just a short-term basic hygiene promotion has become another successful Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) project,” said Global Communities […]6
- Chienge districts celebrates ODF success April 27, 2015Chienge's achievement as Zambia’s first Open Defecation Free (ODF) district should inspire other regions in the country for similar success, Deputy Minister of Local Government and Housing Danny Chingimbu said at the district’s celebration of attainment of ODF status.6
- Liberian ODF communities did not experience transmission of the Ebola virus April 16, 2015Mr. deVries, Chief of Party of Global COmmunities described the fight against the virus and the Community Led Total Sanitation program as an incredible and challenging experience.He said with all of these challenges faced by his entity during his tenure, tremendous progress was made in the fight against the Ebola virus, especially in safe burial and the Comm […]6
- State steps up sanitation drive May 5, 2015
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Tag Archives: financing
Small-scale finance for water and sanitation, 2012. SHARE.
This report identifies ways in which governments and External Support Agencies can increase access to finance for small-scale WATSAN providers, by channelling public funding to support the market and leverage private sector financing. The ultimate objective in doing so is to increase access to services for poor households, who either invest in the services themselves or rely on small-scale providers.
This issue of the WASHplus Weekly contains case studies and evaluations of financing methods for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) projects. Included in the WASH sector is an IRC review of sanitation financing models, a GTZ review on financing rural water supply, and case studies from Kenya and Mali. Please let WASHplus know if you have additional resources on this topic or suggestions for future issues of the Weekly.
Financing Household On-Site Sanitation for the Poor, 2011. Water and Sanitation Program
Public funding can trigger significantly increased access to household sanitation. Public investments of varying forms enabled an absolute increase in the fraction of the target population gaining access to sanitation, which varied between 20 and 70 percent. Each of the programs enabled significant numbers of people to improve their sanitation—from the largest (more than 21 million gained access in Maharashtra) to the smallest (more than 140,000 in Ecuador). Although sanitation projects have earned a reputation as difficult and often ineffective, there is compelling evidence that government investment can yield results.
The different financing strategies adopted had a profound influence on equity, scale, sustainability, levels of service, and costs. No project represented a “silver bullet” approach that can be replicated globally: different models will be more appropriate based on specific project objectives. One indicator of the effectiveness of public finance use is the number of households gaining basic access per US$1,000 of public funding. Like most indicators, this ration cannot tell the whole story by itself because both the levels of service offered and the costs varied between projects. Nevertheless, it is revealing that in rural Bangladesh, US$1,000 of public investments resulted in improved sanitation for 135 households, while in Senegal the same public funding only served 1.6 households with improved sanitation.
A common pass book we know is one that contains cash deposits and withdrawal amounts in detail, but in the Entrepreneurs Multipurpose Cooperative in the town of Pavia, they issue pass books indicating kilos of bottles, plastics, and recyclables items as deposits.
The pass books belong to women entrepreneurs called Eco-Savers, majority women vendors and microenterprise operators, who in partnership with the local government of Pavia, are discharged with the responsibility of managing the town’s solid wastes, especially those generated in the public market.
Joy Palmada, manager of the cooperative, proudly shows the bundles of pass books to visitors and clients and those interested how the scheme works and how it has made Pavia a garbage-free municipality.
Just as several flagship development projects like the construction of rural roads have been hit by rising input costs, the government has been forced to take a hard look at its cost estimates for building toilets for families below the poverty line in rural India. Soaring steel and cement prices have already hit the Centre’s toilet targets under the total sanitation campaign (TSC) in recent months.
See also: see also Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in the XI Plan, PIB, 22 Aug 2008
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre organises a symposium ‘Sanitation for the Urban Poor: Governance and Partnerships’, from 19 – 21 November 2008, in Delft, the Netherlands. Abstracts for the symposium papers on the following five topics – urban governance and sanitation, innovative finance for sanitation, partnerships for sanitation, dynamics of urban settlements, and technological options – can be sent before May 31, 2008.