- Re: when is CLTS actually CLTS? - by: pkjha March 29, 2015In India, CLTS is not literally possible. TSC, NBA and presently SBA (G)programs are all practically subsidy / supply driven. TSC program was initiated in 1999 with the objective of demand driven approach, but for all practical purposes it became supply driven as it was totally subsidized and amount of subsidy was revised upwardly regularly by the Government […]
- Sanitation Business in Odisha, India, South Asia - by: sampark March 29, 2015Now, I am in rural sanitation business in rural odisha, India. I am triggering the CLTS (Community Led Total sanitation) model of sanitation construction in rural communities through rural unemployed educated youths & active SHG members of Odisha for earning livelihood in one hand, with making sustainable of the programme in other hand for accruing socia […]
- Re: when is CLTS actually CLTS? - by: joeturner March 29, 2015This is a recent peer-reviewed article looking at some of the sustainability questions about CLTS: onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wat2.1055/full
- Re: What do we know about odorous gases from composting toilets (or from composting in general)? - by: F H Mughal March 29, 2015Composting is an aerobic process. Aerobic processes yield water and carbon dioxide. Odors from sanitation systems are due to hydrogen sulfide and ammonia gases. Methane is not a odorous gas. Arno: That article: "Understanding the Generation and Chemistry of Odours," was informative. Thank you F H Mughal
- Re: Photo Competition: Picturing CLTS - by: joeturner March 29, 2015Dear F H Mughal, I think your criticisms should be addressed to Plan India (who it seems took the photo) and the CLTS Knowledge Base, who ran the competition. Elisabeth, who is a moderator of this board and posted images here to keep colleagues informed, is not responsible for either, as far as I know.
- Re: when is CLTS actually CLTS? - by: pkjha March 29, 2015
- Call for written evidence on community led health systems and the Ebola outbreak March 27, 2015The Africa APPG together with Polygeia seeks to explore the lessons from the Ebola crisis for community-led health systems strengthening through examining the current response to the Ebola crisis, and gathering evidence from experts and the affected communities in West Africa.6
- ODF communities in Margibi didn't experience Ebola virus March 25, 2015Communities declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) through Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) did not experience any case of the Ebola outbreak, despite other surrounding communities in Marbibi county that experienced the worst cases.6
- Long way to go for a clean India March 23, 2015Indians attained political freedom under the leadership of Mahatma Ghandi, but his dream of a clean India remains unfulfilled.6
- Sanitation and stunting: What do toilets have to do with nutrition? March 6, 2015On Wednesday 25 March 2015, from 12:30 -14:00, a lunch-time conference on the linkages between sanitation and nutrition will take place at the European Commission in Brussels.6
- Webinar on Participatory Design Development for Sanitation March 4, 2015The CLTS Knowledge Hub is hosting a webinar on Participatory Design Development for Sanitation on Thursday 26th March 2015 at 10am GMT. Ben Cole will be discussing his experiences in applying participatory design to accompany and extend Malawi’s national CLTS program since 20126
- Call for written evidence on community led health systems and the Ebola outbreak March 27, 2015
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Tag Archives: financing
Small-scale finance for water and sanitation, 2012. SHARE.
This report identifies ways in which governments and External Support Agencies can increase access to finance for small-scale WATSAN providers, by channelling public funding to support the market and leverage private sector financing. The ultimate objective in doing so is to increase access to services for poor households, who either invest in the services themselves or rely on small-scale providers.
This issue of the WASHplus Weekly contains case studies and evaluations of financing methods for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) projects. Included in the WASH sector is an IRC review of sanitation financing models, a GTZ review on financing rural water supply, and case studies from Kenya and Mali. Please let WASHplus know if you have additional resources on this topic or suggestions for future issues of the Weekly.
Financing Household On-Site Sanitation for the Poor, 2011. Water and Sanitation Program
Public funding can trigger significantly increased access to household sanitation. Public investments of varying forms enabled an absolute increase in the fraction of the target population gaining access to sanitation, which varied between 20 and 70 percent. Each of the programs enabled significant numbers of people to improve their sanitation—from the largest (more than 21 million gained access in Maharashtra) to the smallest (more than 140,000 in Ecuador). Although sanitation projects have earned a reputation as difficult and often ineffective, there is compelling evidence that government investment can yield results.
The different financing strategies adopted had a profound influence on equity, scale, sustainability, levels of service, and costs. No project represented a “silver bullet” approach that can be replicated globally: different models will be more appropriate based on specific project objectives. One indicator of the effectiveness of public finance use is the number of households gaining basic access per US$1,000 of public funding. Like most indicators, this ration cannot tell the whole story by itself because both the levels of service offered and the costs varied between projects. Nevertheless, it is revealing that in rural Bangladesh, US$1,000 of public investments resulted in improved sanitation for 135 households, while in Senegal the same public funding only served 1.6 households with improved sanitation.
A common pass book we know is one that contains cash deposits and withdrawal amounts in detail, but in the Entrepreneurs Multipurpose Cooperative in the town of Pavia, they issue pass books indicating kilos of bottles, plastics, and recyclables items as deposits.
The pass books belong to women entrepreneurs called Eco-Savers, majority women vendors and microenterprise operators, who in partnership with the local government of Pavia, are discharged with the responsibility of managing the town’s solid wastes, especially those generated in the public market.
Joy Palmada, manager of the cooperative, proudly shows the bundles of pass books to visitors and clients and those interested how the scheme works and how it has made Pavia a garbage-free municipality.
Just as several flagship development projects like the construction of rural roads have been hit by rising input costs, the government has been forced to take a hard look at its cost estimates for building toilets for families below the poverty line in rural India. Soaring steel and cement prices have already hit the Centre’s toilet targets under the total sanitation campaign (TSC) in recent months.
See also: see also Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in the XI Plan, PIB, 22 Aug 2008
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre organises a symposium ‘Sanitation for the Urban Poor: Governance and Partnerships’, from 19 – 21 November 2008, in Delft, the Netherlands. Abstracts for the symposium papers on the following five topics – urban governance and sanitation, innovative finance for sanitation, partnerships for sanitation, dynamics of urban settlements, and technological options – can be sent before May 31, 2008.