Multi-level sanitation governance: Understanding and overcoming the challenges in the sanitation sector in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2014.
Nelson Ekane, Björn Nykvist, Marianne Kjellén, Stacey Noel and Nina Weitz. Stockholm Environment Institute.
This paper shows how analysis of multi-level governance, path dependency, and institutional inertia can be used to improve understanding of some of the challenges in the sanitation sector in SSA, and discusses approaches that can contribute to improving the sanitation situation in a sustainable way. In addition, the paper asserts that demand-driven strategies and private sector involvement in the sanitation sector is paramount for establishing new sanitation paradigms and socio-technical regimes. We conclude that a good understanding of actors at all levels – that is, their various roles as well as interactions and the way they interpret and respond to policies – is key to accelerating progress in sustainable sanitation coverage in SSA.
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre organises a symposium ‘Sanitation for the Urban Poor: Governance and Partnerships’, from 19 – 21 November 2008, in Delft, the Netherlands. Abstracts for the symposium papers on the following five topics – urban governance and sanitation, innovative finance for sanitation, partnerships for sanitation, dynamics of urban settlements, and technological options – can be sent before May 31, 2008.
The aim of this report is to explore the underlying reasons for the lack of attention for hygiene and sanitation in most developing countries. The report focuses on the difference that governments could be making as they play the most important role in terms of creating an enabling environment in which all actors, including non-state providers, can operate. Rapid research methodologies with a strong capacity building element have been used to allow local partners to participate in the study. To determine exactly why progress has been so slow existing literature was reviewed and what are perceived to be the main barriers to improved sanitation were summarized. Scoping studies were carried out in Burkina Faso, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Madagascar to establish which of these barriers are present in each country, as well as to identify positive indicators. A workshop was held in each country to bring together some of the people who had taken part in the research and other key stakeholders, and to discuss findings and future actions.
Webster, L. (2007). The sanitation scandal : identifying and responding to the barriers to improved sanitation and hygiene in developing countries. Teddington, UK, Tearfund. – 45 p.
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