Tag Archives: International Year of Sanitation

IYS one year later: interview with Clarissa Brocklehurst

Updated IYS logo. UN-Water

Updated IYS logo. UN-Water

As a follow-up to the 2008 International Year of Sanitation (IYS) there are plans for a virtual scrapbook of IYS activities and a review of sanitation advocacy campaigns commissioned by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The IYS logo has been updated with a bar of soap and the “timeless”slogan, “Sanitation for All”. These are some of the activities that Clarissa Brocklehurst, Chief of Water and Environmental Sanitation at UNICEF and coordinator of UN-Water’s Task Force on Sanitation, mentioned in an interview with UN-Water. During the IYS,  the Task Force assumed a leadership role in global advocacy and capacity building.

Several countries have  developed specific sanitation policies, as a result of the IYS campaign events, Ms. Brockelhurst said. The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) is preparing the Secretary-General’s Report on the IYS.

“In some countries the campaign succeeded in leveraging more funds for sanitation. For example, in Nepal, the Department of Local Infrastructure Development and Agricultural Roads decided to allocate 20 percent budget of its water supply project for sanitation and the national government has allocated US $660,000 for a stand-alone sanitation programme. In Nigeria, budget allocations in some states and at national level have increased for sanitation and hygiene and the fact that the National Council on Water Resources has made 2009 the National Year of Sanitation, clearly show a commitment to improving sanitation nationwide. Reports we have received from China also indicated that the IYS campaign contributed to an increased budget allocation for rural sanitation.”

Clarissa Brocklehurst. UN-Water

Clarissa Brocklehurst. UN-Water

“Some country’s reported that the IYS campaigns had helped bring out about institutional changes in how sanitation is addressed at the national level. In Angola, the government has taken steps to establish a new national technical unit for environmental sanitation within the ministry of environment. In Pakistan, a Water and Sanitation Sector Donor Coordination Group and National Working Group on School Sanitation and Hygiene Education have been established.”

“With funding from the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), we have commissioned a new project to be carried out by the German Toilet Organization: The My School Loo Contest, which will use comic strips to educate school children about the importance of sanitation.”

UN-Water’s Task Force on Sanitation is supporting implementation of the recommendations of Ministerial Declaration on Water Supply and Sanitation in Small Rural Settlements in the Black Sea Region. The declaration was one of the ouputs of the recent roundtable organised by the UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (UNSGAB).

“The Task Force is also supporting follow up to the other sanitation conferences that took place during IYS, particularly AfricaSan and the eThekwini Declaration.”

Read the full UN-Water interview with Clarissa Brocklehurst or listen below to the audio version.

Interview with Clarissa Brocklehurst (audio)

Call to submit IYS projects and events

The International Year of Sanitation (IYS) is over. Now the important follow-up work begins. IYS organizers are preparing a summary of IYS events and outcomes for the next session of the United Nations General Assembly [in September 2009]. If you or your organization has undertaken an initiative, the IYS team would like to hear about it. Projects and events will be featured on the IYS in Action section of the IYS web site.

Source: UN-Water

India: PM addresses the Third South Asian Conference on Sanitation

The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh inaugurated the Third South Asian Conference on Sanitation in New Delhi today. Following is the text of the Prime Minister’s speech on the occasion:

“I am delighted to be here today at the Third South Asian Conference on Sanitation. This Conference has a very special significance because the year 2008 has been declared as the International Year of Sanitation.

Sanitation has a strong connection not only with personal hygiene but also with human dignity and well-being, public health, nutrition and even education. Mahatma Gandhi had once said “Sanitation is more important than independence”. He made cleanliness and sanitation an integral part of the Gandhian way of living. His dream was total sanitation for all. (…)

Read all Government of India Press Information Bureau

Realted site: SACOSAN III

DFID: European Union raises profile of African sanitation

In this, the International Year of Sanitation, a group that is co-chaired by DFID is helping to improve water and sanitation throughout Africa by strengthening the links between African countries and the European Union.

Through a number of key meetings, the EU Water Initiative-Africa Working Group has brought about policy dialogue at the highest level and proved crucial in the development of an Africa EU Statement on Sanitation. (…)

Read all ISRIA.info

Pakistan: MoE confident to achieve IYS 2008 targets

The Ministry of Environment is making concerted efforts to achieve the targets set for International Year of Sanitation-2008 […] in collaboration its partners like UNICEF, RSPN, PPAF, Water Aid, WSP-SA, USAID.

The Ministry has prime focus on four targets set for IYS-2008.

The targets one and two include; Finalization and approval of Provincial Sanitation Strategies/Action Plans by the respective Cabinets, and dissemination of hygiene messages [with support of UNICEF, USAID, RSPN and others] focusing on hand washing with soap, construction and use of latrines and use of safe water amongst at least 20% population (33 million).

Targets, three and four, include provision of improved sanitation facilities to at least 6% of the country’s population (700,000 HHs) over and above the existing [by scaling up the concept of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)], and finalization and approval of National Drinking Water Policy by the Federal Cabinet and development of action plan for implementation.

[…] “The Balochistan Provincial Cabinet has already approved the provincial sanitation policy and strategy while in other provinces, the strategies are in the process of approval,” said Director General Environment, Javed Ali Khan. “Strategies for AJK and FANA have also been prepared.”

A Sanitation and hygiene week was observed in collaboration with Ministry of Health and UNICEF [in Punjab from from October 27 to November 1, 2008 – The News, 24 Oct 2008].

Source: APP,  18 Oct 2008

[Speaking at a briefing on Global Handwashing Day, Environment Secretary Khushnood Akhtar Lashari revealed] that unsafe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene practices […] cost Rs 112 billion per annum in Pakistan. […] He further said that poor sanitation and hygiene practices were also proving to be one of the route causes of the spread of polio, as, he informed, studies conducted during the year 2008 revealed that most of the Polio cases in Pakistan during the year came from families having no toilets.

[…] In Pakistan, [Lashari] said, diarrhea killed 11% of the total children [who] died before their fifth birthday, while overall cost due to the disease in the country was Rs 55 billion per year.

Source: Khalid Aziz, The Nation, 15 Oct 2008

Sri Lanka: raising awareness for sanitation and handwashing

The Sanitation Task Force (STF) in Sri Lanka [urged] politicians, teachers, households and communities to ensure sanitation in their localities by creating adequate awareness and understanding of its importance in maintaining the health of the nation. STF made this statement on 15 Oct 2008 at a function held to mark the International Year of Sanitation.

[…] Access to sanitation is lowest in districts such as Anuradhapura, Ampara and Moneragala and in some conflict affected districts, sanitation is as low as 30%. A high percentage of Sri Lanka’s 10,000 schools do not have adequate sanitation facilities and 600 do not have any at all; 15% of the schools have facilities that been recorded as irreparable by the Ministry of Education. According to the school census of 2007, in Sri Lanka 3658 schools do not have adequate sanitation facilities and 2373 do not have drinking water facilities

[D]iarrhea is the third leading cause of infant deaths in Sri Lanka.

Also on 15 October, to celebrate Global Handwashing Day, 1,500 Public Health Inspectors (PHIs) visited 1,500 schools and to reach 1 million school children and demonstrated how handwashing should be done. […] A poster and a flip chart have been developed to demonstrate 9 steps of handwashing, based on surgical technique. These were be displayed in places like hospitals, plantation sector clinics child development centers and health clinics. The promotional activities continued in the following week, during Sri Lanka’s Food Safety week from 20th – 26th October. TV advertorials as well as print advertorials were produced.

Source: By Hemanthi Guruge, Daily Mirror, 16 Oct 2008 ; Global Handwashing Day – Country Updates – Sri Lanka

Nigeria: N198 Million Released to States for Sanitation – Unicef

Daily Champion (Lagos)

More than N198 million has been released for the implementation of International Year of sanitation (IYS) activities in 33 states of the federation for this year. (…)

Mr. Bisi Agberemi, UNICEF Water and Sanitation (WASH) activities specialist disclosed this in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria(NAN) in Abuja last Sunday. (…)

At the national level, he said, Hand Washing campaign had been launched by the first Lady, Hajia Turai Yar’ Adua and similar campaign had been conducted in 16 states and various Local Government Areas. (…)

Read all All Africa.com 

Original story Daily Champion

Gambia: UN International Year of Sanitation and Global Hand Washing Day Commemorated

The Gambia last Wednesday joined the rest of the international community to commemorate UN international year of sanitation and global hand washing day.

Global hand washing day, the first of its kind, focuses on children and schools in order to raise awareness and promote behavioral change. (…)

Vice president Njie-Saidy highlighted the importance of washing hands with soap, saying it is the most effective and least costly of preventing diarrhea and pneumonia.

She expressed governments’ full commitment and political will to the attainment of the MDG targets. (…)

Read all The Point

Bangladesh: Kids wash hands across country, Asia

Dhaka, Oct 15 (bdnews24.com)—More than 120 million children across South Asia will have clean hands Wednesday as they mark Global Hand Washing Day.

“From Kabul to Karachi, Kathmandu to Kerala and Colombo, Wednesday is likely to break all records as millions and millions of children practice the power of proper sanitation through soap suds,” Unicef said in a statement.

Bangladesh along with 62 countries around the world will observe the day for the first time this year, as part of the International Year of Sanitation.

More that 16 million children from 73,000 primary and secondary schools countrywide will pledge to promote hand washing with soap after going to the toilet and before a meal.  (…)

Read all BDNews24.com

Millions mark UN hand-washing day

Millions of children around the world are marking the United Nations’ first Global Handwashing Day.

In India, cricket star Sachin Tendulkar will be leading the campaign that will see children across South Asia simultaneously washing their hands.

The UN says it wants to get over the message that this simple routine is one of the most effective ways of preventing killer diseases.  (…)

(…) From Kabul to Karachi and from Delhi to Dhaka, millions of children will take part in the campaign and pledge to embrace more hygienic practices by the simple act of washing their hands.  India has recruited one of the country’s biggest sporting icons, cricket star Sachin Tendulkar, to be the face of the campaign. Washing hands will be the topic of Afghan television and radio talk shows and Pakistani newscasts.  Nepal’s new Maoist government is sending out mobile text messages. In Bhutan, special animated videos have been made with Bhutanese characters (…)

Read all BBCNews.co.uk and UNICEF, 14 Oct 2008