Tag Archives: peri-urban areas

SPLASH research call on sustainable sanitation service

SPLASH, the ERA-NET of the European Water Initiative will launch a research call on 1st March, 2010. The overall call budget will be approx. 1.7 Mio Euro. The call will be funded by the following donors:

  • Austria Development Cooperation (ADC), Austria
  • Department for International Development (DFID), United Kingdom
  • Ministère des Affaires Étrangères et Européenes (MAEE),  France
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), Sweden
  • Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Switzerland

In Sub-Saharan Africa, the rates of urbanization have generally exceeded the capacities of national and local governments to plan and manage sanitation systems in an efficient, equitable and sustainable way. Improving sanitation services to the urban poor is an urgent priority that will have major positive impacts on human health and dignity, economic productivity and the environment. Research is required to support these efforts.

The major objective of the SPLASH research call is to contribute to the understanding and implementation at scale of sustainable sanitation service chains in low-income urban areas in Sub-Saharan Africa.

More information – http://www.splash-era.net/sanitation-call/index.php

Flying toilets; throwing away the problem

What is a flying toilet? Any ideas? A modern design in aeroplanes? A portable toilet at concerts? Unfortunately, it’s nothing as mundane. A flying toilet is the name given to a plastic bag filled with excreta that is flung away after use. It’s causing big problems in some of the poorest areas in the world – the slums of Africa.

Imagine the scene – you’re at home enjoying an evening meal. Your family is sitting outside talking and eating. Then suddenly a plastic bag lands in the middle of the group. That’s exactly what’s happening in the Kibera slum in the Kenyan capital Nairobi.

More – Radio Netherlands

India: BORDA introduces Health Impact Assessment and -Monitoring for all Community Based Sanitation Projects

BORDA and its 16 network partners in India are implementing sanitation projects including the construction of DEWATS [Decentralized Waste Water Treatment] in slums and poor peri-urban settlements for the last 8 years. Due to time and resources constraints, a systematic evaluation of the achieved impacts on the health and hygiene condition of the direct beneficiaries/users could not be done until this year.

In spring 2008, BORDA together with 5 partner organizations developed a tool allowing the evaluation of already realized impacts and an on-going health and hygiene impact monitoring.

Read more: Meike Zinn-Meinken, BORDA, 01 July 2008

Keeping it clean: New landmark study confirms the importance of home and personal hygiene in reducing infectious diseases and infections

“ACCORDING to results from the Hygiene Promotion and Illness Reduction study, children aged five years or under experienced significantly fewer respiratory, gastrointestinal, and skin diseases when their families participated in intensive hygiene education plus the use of hygiene products.

The results of the three year study, which was conducted in impoverished urban communities in South Africa and presented during the 13th International Congress on Infectious Diseases (ICID) held in Kuala Lumpur recently, also show that hygiene education alone offers meaningful improvements in illness reduction compared to no education at the start of the study.

However when effective hygiene products (antibacterial soap, surface cleanser/disinfectant, and skin antiseptic) were used in addition to education, an even greater reduction in the risk of illness was noted”.


Prof. Eugene Cole

Prof. Eugene Cole

“The study was developed and conducted under the guidance of the Health and Hygiene Promotion Partnership (HPP), a community-based project founded in 2005 by cooperation between Reckitt Benckiser Inc and Brigham Young University [lead investigator Dr Eugene Cole], with members of the participating housing communities, under the approval of the Cape Town City Health Department”.


1. Cole E, Hawkley M, Rubino J, McCue K, Crookston B, and Dixon J. Comprehensive family hygiene promotion in peri-urban Cape Town: Gastrointestinal and skin disease reduction in children under five. 13th ICID; Read abstract no 68.012.

2. Cole E, Crookston B, Rubino J, McCue K, Hawkley M, and Dixon J. Comprehensive family hygiene promotion in peri-urban Cape Town: Reduction of respiratory illness in children under five. 13th ICID; Read abstract no 68.030

Read more: The Star Online (Malaysia), 06 July 2008

See also: Aeysha Kassiem, How to cut infection, Cape Times / IOL,  22 Jul 2008

Uganda – 80% slum dwellers lack pit-latrines

CLOSE to 80% of slum dwellers in Kampala lack access to toilets, a study conducted by Action Aid International has said.

The study that was carried out in Kawempe division attributed the problem to inadequate funding by the Government to the water and sanitation sectors.

“It is rather unfortunate that in this era, 79% of the slum dwellers can’t access toilets. This has compounded the sanitation problem,” said country director, Charles Busingye.

Read More – New Vision Online

According to the population census of 2002, there are over 1.5 million people living in Kampala slums.

New paradigm for periurban WatSan

Prof. Duncan Mara, University of Leeds, has made the paper he co-authored with Dr Graham Alabaster of UN-Habitat, “A new paradigm for low-cost urban water supplies and sanitation in developing countries” [Water Policy 10 (2), 119−129, doi:10.2166/wp.2008.034] available on-line − pdf here, and more info here.

In his blog Mara says: “the New Paradigm is very simply stated: Supply water and sanitation to groups of households, not individual households. Why? Because it’s much cheaper − and likely to be one of the main ways the MDG sanitation target can be met”.

  Standpipe cooperative (Dunca Mara)